III. Explain the etymology of the italicized words; identify the stage of assimilation
1. Obviously, chere madame, the thief would take care to recover the money before he returned the dog. 2. Heyward went to the kitchen for a glass of milk. 3. It was a commercial coup d'etat which sent Supranational (bank) shares soaring on the New York and London markets. 4. Arriving in Paris always causes me pain, even when I have been away for only a short. while. It is a city which I never fail to approach with expectation and leave with disappointment. 5. Dave raised his hand when he saw me with the dignified gesture of a patriarch greeting the appearance of an expected sign. 6. Negotiations began but failed, not least because the students presented non-negotiable demands. After two days the administration summoned state police, later unwisely supplemented by National Guard. An assault was launched upon the building. 7. Madge seemed slimmer and more piquant, even her movements were more gracious. 8. Leaving her desk, Edwina walked a few paces to one of the large plate-glass windows, part of the street frontage of the building. What she saw amazed her. A long queue of people, four or five abreast, extended from the main front door past the entire length of the building. 9. He regretted their lost tete-a-tete. 10.1 lunched with Betty today, and she was telling me about a place they went to, on Lake Como. They had fresh peaches at every meal, and at night the fishermen go out in boats and sing under your windows. Doesn't it sound romantic?
IV. State the origin of the following etymological doublets. Compare their meanings and explain why they are called "etymological doublets".
1. captain— chieftan, canal— channel, cart— chart.
2. shirt — skirt, shriek — screech, shrew — screw.
3. gaol — jail, corpse — corps, travel — travail.
4. shadow — shade, off — of, dike -- ditch.
V. In the following sentences find one of a pair of etymological doublets and name the missing member of the pair.
1.1 led Mars (a dog) into the shadow of the building and looked around me. 2. "Unreliable", he said, "those fancy locks. Always getting jammed, aren't they?" 3. The children hung on to her skirts and asked to play with them. 4. Nurse Lawson had been sent to the hostel to clean aprons for all of us. 5. When the four O'clock race at Nottingham was won by Hal Adair, cool channels of sweat ran down my back and sides. 6. The lunch was late because Steven had had an extra big clinic at his London hospital. 7. He was attached to the ward which specialized in head injuries and was called 'Corelli'. 8. A story was sometimes told about a tear-down crew which, as a practical joke, worked in spare time to disassemble a car, belonging to one of their members. 9. Why, isn't he in jail? 10. Canvas sacks containing cash were being delivered from an armoured truck outside, the money accompanied by two armed guards.
VI. Classify the following borrowings according to the sphere of human activity they represent. What type of borrowings are these?
Television, progress, football, grapefruit, drama, Philosophy, rugby, sputnik, tragedy, coca-cola, biology, medicine, atom, primadonna, ballet, cricket, hockey, chocolate, communism, democracy.
VII. Read the following text. Copy out the international words. State to what sphere of human activity they belong.
In the past 20 years there has been a considerable increase in the number of new playwrights in Britain and this has been encouraged by the growth of new theatre companies. In 1956 the English Stage Company began productions with the object of bringing new writers into the theatre and providing training facilities for young actors, directors and designers; a large number of new dramatists emerged as a result of the company productions. Regional repertory theatres, too, have helped contemporary dramatists by including new plays in their programmes. Among the dramatists whose work was first produced by the English Stage Company are John Osborne, Arnold Wesker, Edward Bonds, John Arden and David Storey. Television has been an important factor in the emergence of other dramatists who write primarily for it; both the ВВС and IBA transmit a large number of single plays each year as well as drama series and serials.
(From The Promotion of the Arts in Britain)