Главная Обратная связь

Дисциплины:

Архитектура (936)
Биология (6393)
География (744)
История (25)
Компьютеры (1497)
Кулинария (2184)
Культура (3938)
Литература (5778)
Математика (5918)
Медицина (9278)
Механика (2776)
Образование (13883)
Политика (26404)
Правоведение (321)
Психология (56518)
Религия (1833)
Социология (23400)
Спорт (2350)
Строительство (17942)
Технология (5741)
Транспорт (14634)
Физика (1043)
Философия (440)
Финансы (17336)
Химия (4931)
Экология (6055)
Экономика (9200)
Электроника (7621)






ECONOMY AND INFRASTRUCTURE OF SCOTLAND 4 часть



The Yeti of the Himalayas may be the most fascinating undiscovered creature. Many climbers claim to have seen the Yeti or its footprints, and local inhabitants of the mountains are convinced of its existence. Such well-known mysteries as the Yeti and less well-known mysteries as the Congo dinosaur and the Queensland tiger will no doubt be the source of much speculation for years to come.

 

1. The passage mainly discusses

(A) wild animals

(B) false beliefs

(C) unknown creatures

(D) cryptozoologists

 

2. A cryptozoologist would probably show most interest in

(A) an elephant

(B) a lizard

(C) human beings

(D) a giant octopus

 

3. The author discusses the pygmy hippopotamus to show that creatures which many people believe do not exist

(A) live in Africa

(B) are extinct

(C) are fascinating

(D) may exist

 

4. The giant squid became a classified creature when

(A) it was dismissed as having been imagined

(B) one was washed up on the shore

(C) one was found in East Africa

(D) it was filmed to sell products

 

Письменно переведите на русский язык весь текст.

 

КОНТРОЛЬНОЕ ЗАДАНИЕ № 4

 

ВАРИАНТ 8

 

1. Перепишите и письменно переведите на русский язык следующие предложения, содержащие инфинитив, причастие I и герундий.

 

1). When I was a child, I hated going to bed early.

2). He doesn’t use his car very often. He doesn’t like driving.

3). She can’t bear being alone.

4). He needs to work harder if he wants to make progress.

5). The batteries in the radio need to be changed.

 

2. Перепишите и письменно переведите на русский язык следующие предложения, содержащие обороты с причастием I.

 

1). Not knowing his address, I wasn’t able to contact him.

2). Having bought our tickets, we went into the theater.

3). He went out saying he would be back in an hour.

 

3. Перепишите и письменно переведите на русский язык следующие предложения, содержащие фразовые глаголы.

 



1). At first it was hard to take in the news of his sudden death.

2). Look out! You’re going to drop that vase.

3). The children are very quiet. I wonder what they are getting up to?

4). The police showed him lots of photographs but he wasn’t able to pick out the man who robbed the bank.

5). I think he has something to do with the university but I’m not sure.

 

4. Прочитайте и устно переведите следующий текст на русский язык, а затем выполните задания к нему.

 

According to airline industry statistics, almost 90% of airline accidents are survivable or partially survivable. But passengers can increase their chances of survival by learning and following certain tips. Experts say that you should read and listen to safety instructions before takeoff and ask questions if you have uncertainties. You should fasten your seat belt low on your hips and as tightly as possible. Of course, you should also know how the release mechanism of your belt operates. During takeoffs and landings, you are advised to keep your feet flat on the floor. Before takeoff you should locate the nearest exit and an alternative exit and count the rows of seats between you and the exits so that you can find them in the dark if necessary.

In the event that you are forewarned of a possible accident, you should put your hands on your ankles and keep your head down until the plane comes to a complete stop. If smoke is present in the cabin, you should keep your head low and cover your face with napkins, towels, or clothing. If possible, wet these for added protection against smoke inhalation. To evacuate as quickly as possible, follow crew commands and do not take personal belongings with you. Do not jump on escape slides before they are fully inflated, and when you jump, do so with your arms and legs extended in front of you. When you get to the ground, you should move away from the plane as quickly as possible, and never smoke near the wreckage.



 

1. What is the main topic of the passage?

(A) Airline industry accident statistics

(B) Procedures for evacuating aircraft

(C) Guidelines for increasing aircraft passenger survival

(D) Safety instructions in air travel

 

2. Travelers are urged by experts to read and listen to safety instructions

(A) in an emergency

(B) before locating the exits

(C) if smoke is in the cabin

(D) before takeoff

 

3. According to the passage, airline travelers should keep their feet flat on the floor

(A) throughout the flight

(B) during takeoffs and landings

(C) especially during landings

(D) only if an accident is possible

 

4. According to the passage, which exits should an airline passenger locate before takeoff?

(A) The ones that can be found in the dark

(B) The two closest to the passenger's seat

(C) The nearest one

(D) The ones with counted rows of seats between them

 

Письменно переведите на русский язык весь текст.

 

КОНТРОЛЬНОЕ ЗАДАНИЕ № 4

 

ВАРИАНТ 9

 

1.Перепишите и письменно переведите на русский язык следующие предложения, содержащие инфинитив, причастие I и герундий.

 

1). They denied stealing the money.

2). He can remember being in hospital when he was four.

3). Julia has been ill but now she’s beginning to get better.

4). I was very tired. I tried to keep my eyes open but I couldn’t.

5). I’d love to have gone to the party but it was impossible.

 

2. Перепишите и письменно переведите на русский язык следующие предложения, содержащие обороты с причастием I.

 

1). He was in London for two years working as a tourist guide.

2). Margaret had an accident driving to work yesterday.

3). Having spent nearly all our money, we couldn’t afford to stay in a hotel.

 

3. Перепишите и письменно переведите на русский язык следующие предложения, содержащие фразовые глаголы.

 

1). The film was a bit boring at first but it picked up later on.

2). She’s very upset but she’ll get over it.

3). The police are going to look into the break-in at the college.

4). There was a rumour that Nissan was trying to take over Fiat.

5). The government did away with free school lunches last year.

 

4. Прочитайте и устно переведите следующий текст на русский язык, а затем выполните задания к нему.

 

Many researchers believe that apes can communicate with human beings. Investigations made at several laboratories in the United States and elsewhere indicate that chimpanzees and gorillas are capable of understanding language and using linguistic responses at the level of a four-year-old child. Washoe, an adult chimpanzee who was raised as if she were a deaf child, can translate words she hears into American Sign Language. Koko, a 400-pound lowland gorilla, is claimed to have understood a poem written about her. Tests of Koko's auditory comprehension show that she is able to make discriminations between such words as "funny," "money," and "bunny."

The scientists at the forefront of this research admit that their work has been severely criticized. The skeptics in general claim that apes' language behavior is merely imitative. For this behavior to be called "language," it must also be communicative. The proponents of ape language counter that those who deny the validity of this research have never worked with apes. They point out that new fields of investigation always create controversy. They add that subhuman primates have not been taught to speak, however, because the outer layer of their brain hemispheres is not sufficiently refined.

 

1. Which of the following is the main topic of the passage?

(A) Research into apes' imitative behavior

(B) Studies done in language abilities of primates

(C) Communicative behavior of subhuman primates

(D) Uses of American Sign Language in research

2. According to the passage, ape language researchers say that apes can

(A) understand spoken language

(B) speak

(C) think

(D) write poetry!

 

3. Washoe is

(A) a four-year-bid child

(B) a deaf gorilla

(C) a scientist

(D) a chimpanzee that uses signs

 

4. According to the passage, ape-human communication is

(A) accepted by scientists

(B) rejected by researchers

(C) treated skeptically by some scientists

(D) unquestioned

 

Письменно переведите на русский язык весь текст.

 

КОНТРОЛЬНОЕ ЗАДАНИЕ № 4

 

ВАРИАНТ 10

 

1. Перепишите и письменно переведите на русский язык следующие предложения, содержащие инфинитив, причастие I и герундий.

 

1). I ran ten kilometers without stopping.

2). I was surprised that she left without saying goodbye to anyone.

3). The burglars got into the house by breaking a window.

4). I would hate to have been in his position.

5). We’d like to have gone on holiday but we didn’t have enough money.

 

2. Перепишите и письменно переведите на русский язык следующие предложения, содержащие обороты с причастием I.

 

1). Not being able to understand English, the man didn’t know what I wanted.

2). Having already seen the film twice, I switched off the TV.

3). Taking a key out of his pocket, he opened the door.

 

3. Перепишите и письменно переведите на русский язык следующие предложения, содержащие фразовые глаголы.

 

1). Some comedians are very clever at taking off famous people, especially politicians.

2). My husband usually looks after the children when I’m at work.

3). He spoke so fast I couldn’t get it all down.

4). He’s a real bully. He only picks on people smaller than him.

5). I’ll try to do my best to help him but I’m not sure what I can do.

 

4. Прочитайте и устно переведите следующий текст на русский язык, а затем выполните задания к нему.

 

Psychologists have found that privately made confidential resolutions are rarely followed, whereas a public commitment to achieve some goal, such as losing weight or giving up smoking, is likely to be much more effective. This is because the approval of others for doing something desirable is valued. In contrast, disapproval for failure can lead to feelings of shame.

Advertising agencies have designed studies bearing out the truth of this observation. In this research, a group of strangers was bombarded with information about the qualities of a particular product. They were then asked to either announce out loud or write down privately whether they intended to buy the product. It was later discovered that those who publicly declared their intention to buy were considerably more likely to do so than those who affirmed their intentions in private.

In another study, an experimenter claiming to represent a local utility company interviewed house owners telling them he was investigating ways in which energy consumption could be reduced. Half the subjects, randomly selected, were told that if they agreed to conserve energy their names would be mentioned in an article published in the local newspaper; the remaining half were told their names would not be used. All those interviewed agreed to cooperate and signed a form either giving consent for their names to be used or stating that their names would not be used. Later in the year, the amount of gas consumed in each house was recorded. The owners who had agreed to their names being published had used significantly less gas than those who remained anonymous.

 

1. What is the main topic of this passage?

(A) The commitment to conserve energy

(B) The effectiveness of public commitment

(C) The results of studies done on advertising agencies

(D) The observations of the effects of advertising

 

2. It can be inferred that all of the following help motivate a person to achieve a goal EXCEPT

(A) a desire for approval

(B) a fear of disapproval

(C) a fear of failure

(D) a sense of noncommitment

 

3. Why were advertising agencies probably interested in conducting their study?

(A) They wanted to introduce their people to more products.

(B) They wanted to demonstrate the quality of their products.

(C) They wanted to know if people intended to purchase their products.

(D) They wanted to find the best way to get people to buy their products.

 

4. The word "they" in line 8 refers to

(A) agencies

(B) studies

(C) strangers

(D) qualities

 

Письменно переведите на русский язык весь текст.

 

Раздел 1II

 

ДОПОЛНИТЕЛЬНЫЕ ТЕКСТЫ

ДЛЯ САМОСТОЯТЕЛЬНОЙ РАБОТЫ

 


Просмотров 1234

Эта страница нарушает авторские права

allrefrs.ru - 2020 год. Все права принадлежат их авторам!