Ex. 81. Look at the two examples and then complete the rest of the definitions


Model: An actor is a person who .......................

An actor is a person who acts in films, plays and on TV.

1. A journalist is a person who ..

2. A ballet dancer is a person who ..

3. A film director is a person who

4. A bank manager is a person who .

5. An employer is a person who .

6. A pop singer is a person who

7. A translator is a person who .

8. A lorry driver is a person who ..

9. A photographer is a person who ..

10. An artist is a person who .


ARTICLE with uncountable nouns

I. Uncountable nouns include the so called mass nouns (fluids: blood, coffee, milk, oil, tea, water, etc.; solids: bread, butter, food, fruit, glass, meat, fish, iron, coal, etc.; particles; flour, dust, hair, rice, sugar, sand, wheat, etc.), names of natural phenomena (fog, snow, rain, sunshine, smog, weather, wind, etc.), abstract nouns (advice, information, work, knowledge, luck, traffic, progress, music, etc.) and collective nouns (luggage, money, rubbish, furniture, jewellery, crockery, cutlery, etc.)

They take a singular verb, are not used with the indefinite article (a/an),even if there is a descriptive adjective; are usually used with some/any/no/much/(a)little/a lot of/plenty of and some others, e.g.

Information is available at the front desk.

This ring is made of ᴓ(very good)silver.

He drinks very little tea.


II. Many uncountable nouns can be made countable by adding a partitive, e.g.

a piece of paper/cake/news/information/advice/ furniture, etc.

a glass/bottle/drop of water, juice, wine, etc.

a sheet of paper, a packet of tea, a grain/pinch of salt, a slice of lemon/bread, a rasher of bacon, a pot of yoghurt, a kilo/pound of meat, a bar of chocolate/soap, a can of Coke, a carton of milk, a loaf/chunk/crumb of bread, a flash/bolt of lightning, a clap/peal of thunder, a flake of snow, a splinter/pane of glass, a chip of wood, etc.


III. Some uncountable nouns can be used in a particular sense and are then countable, e.g.

His hair is black. Whenever he finds a grey hair he pulls it out.

We drink coffee, but ask for acoffee (two coffees).

The chair is made of wood. Is there a wood near here?

The woods are lovely, dark and deep

He is out of work. Hes got Shakespeares complete works.

We drink wine, but enjoy a good wine.

His heart was full of shame. Its a shame he wasnt paid.

Ex. 82. Translate into Russian.

1. Give me a piece of paper, please. The police asked to see his papers. 2. She has a lot of experience in teaching. We had lots of exciting experiences on our trip. 3. The vase was made of Venetian glass. Would you like a glass of milk? He cant see very well without his glasses. 4. Shes got long blonde hair. Therere two hairs in my milk! 5. The bowl is made of wood. The girls got lost in the woods. 6. He goes to work every day. Renoirs works are really fascinating. 7. Dont go out in the rain without an umbrella. In some climates the rains come twice a year.


Ex. 83. Make the following uncountable nouns plural using a possible partitive as in the example.

1. furniture two pieces of furniture 8. tea three
2. chalk three . 9. water two
3. rice two . 10. butter three
4. thunder two . 11. flour three
5. paper two . 12. lightning two
6. fruit three . 13. news two
7. beer two . 14. chocolate three

Ex. 84. Make up exclamatory sentences using the proper articles.

Model: nice weather → What nice weather!

rainy day → What a rainy day!


thick fog difficult work good salary
curly hair hard job useful advice
tasty chocolate cheap youghurt nice cake of soap
cold drink thin slice fragrant lotion
hot tea nice watch big drop
modern furniture nice jewellery white flour
good progress comfortable sofa beautiful scenery
heavy suitcase heavy traffic nice scene
heavy luggage big money long loaf


Ex. 85. Fill in the gaps with the proper articles where necessary.

1. He gave me very good advice. 2. Im sure Ill need advice he gave me. 3. He has been out of work for three weeks. 4. He is looking for work. 5. work he did before was very well-paid. 6. Where is money I gave you? 7. Hell never ask anyone for money. Hes too proud. 8. In his previous job he earned very big money. 9. There was only little money left in his pocket. 10. weather is lovely! Lets go for a walk. 11. What lovely weather were having! 12. Our trip will largely depend on weather. 13. No news is good news. 14. Dont be afraid. I bring good news.

15. He turned white when he heard news. 16. If you work as hard as now, youll make real progress. 17. They want to discuss progress the students have made in the past few months. 18. What would you like? - coffee and two teas, please. 19. Why didnt you drink coffee? It was too strong.


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