Ex. 36. Write a single word synonym for each of these words/phrases


1. given the sack =

2. out of work =

3. left the company =

4. was given a better position in the company =

5. future possibilities in a job =

6. stopped working for ever = .

7. workers in a company = .


Ex. 37. Find the logical answer on the right for each of the questions on the left.

1. Why did they sack him? 2. Why did they promote him? 3. Why did he apply for the job? 4. Why did he retire? 5. Why did he resign? 6. Why did he go on the course? a) because he was nearly 65. b) because he was late for work every day. c) because he needed more training. d) because he was out of work. e) because he was the best person in the department. f) because he didnt like his boss.

Ex. 38. Complete these sentences with a suitable word or phrase.


1. I dont want a full-time job. Id prefer to work.

2. Shed like to go on another training...

3. Im bored in my job. I need a fresh...

4. He works on a stall in the..

5. At the end of this year we should get a good pay..

6. Shed got more than a hundred workers under..

7. I didnt know he was a new manager. When did he take?

8. Its a boring job and the pay is awful. Why doesnt he...?

Ex. 39. Complete this word-building table. Use a dictionary to help you.


Verb General noun Personal noun(s)

Promote -


Resign -

Retire -

Train . ..


Ex. 40. Have you got a job in a company? If so, answer these questions as quickly as you can. (It can be imaginary).

1. What does your job involve?

2. Are you responsible for anything or anyone?

3. Have you had much training from the company?

4. Have the company sent you on any training courses?

5. Have you been promoted since you started in the company?

6. Do you normally get a good pay rise at the end of each year?

7. How do you feel about your future prospects in the company?

8. Are you happy in the job or do you feel it is time for a fresh challenge in another company?

Ask another person the same questions.




Pre-reading work:


1. Choose a job, and talk for two minutes giving reasons why your job should be the best paid in the country.

2. Work with two or three other students. Discuss which of the following should be next best paid, and so on. You must produce an agreed group answer, listing the jobs in order of pay.




I had a thought-provoking dream last night. In it I was living in Fantasia a place where people are paid according to their real value to the society. There are some striking differences with what happens in other countries.

In Fantasia, doctors are paid for keeping people alive. A doctor is well rewarded as long as his or her patients stay healthy. But when a patient falls ill, the doctor's pay is reduced by half; and if a patient dies, the doctor has to pay massive compensation to the surviving relatives. Average life expectancy in Fantasia is 132, although doctors tend to die young.

Soldiers are paid on the same lines as doctors: in peacetime they get a reasonable wage, but as soon as war breaks out the government stops paying them. Officers earn far less than ordinary soldiers, and generals get least of all. This is because of the Fantasian principle that power is its own reward: people can have either money or power, but Fantasians avoid giving them both. Members of the House of Long Sentences (the Fantasian Parliament) get expenses payments, but no salary; the Prime Minister gets the least generous expenses.

Teachers' pay is worked out according to their teaching ability (pupils vote), their pupils test results and the level at which they teach. On average, primary school teachers get double the pay of secondary school teachers, who in turn are wealthy by comparison with university teachers

Housewives or househusbands receive a basic salary from the state, plus an extra 16.500 Fantasian Grotniks (about $4.500 US) annually for each small child in the family.

People who do dirty, strenuous, dull or distasteful work (e.g. rubbish collectors, coal miners, factory workers or sewage workers) are at the top of the Fantasian wages scale. Other highly-paid workers include gardeners (Fantasians like looking at flowers), hospital nurses and librarians.

Among the poorest-paid workers are advertising agents, TV weather forecasters, traffic wardens and bank managers. Pop singers, who are all employed by the state, are paid starvation wages and allowed to give one concert a year (Fantasians don't like listening to loud noises)

The best-paid people in Fantasia are writers.

Guess what I do for a living.



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