Ex. 31. Match the verbs on the left with the nouns or phrases on the right. Use each word once only


1. earn overtime

2. work meetings

3. pay a shop

4. go to clients

5. deal with £500

6. run income tax


Ex 32. Starting with the words you are given, rewrite each of these sentences using vocabulary from above. The basic meaning must stay the same.

Model: Im a banker.

I work in banking.

1. What do you do?


2. I earn $50,000 dollars.


3. I get £20,000 from my teaching job and another £10,000 from writing.

My total

4. I am a chemist.

I work for.

5. In my job I have to look after and maintain all the computers in the building.

My job involves...

6. Im responsible for one of the smaller departments.

Im in


Ex. 33. This is part of the conversation with a teacher about her job. Can you supply the missing questions?



B: I usually start at nine and finish at four.


B: Yes, a bit. On certain courses I work until five oclock, and then I get paid extra.


B: Twelve weeks. Thats one of the good things about being a teacher.


B: No, we dont, Im afraid. Thats one of the disadvantages of being a teacher. But I suppose money isnt everything.


Ex. 34. Can you answer these general knowledge questions about work?


1. What are normal working hours for most office jobs in your country?

2. Can you name three jobs that get very high salaries in your country?

3. When you start paying income tax in your country, what is the minimum amount you have to pay?

4. What jobs often involve shiftwork? (Give at least two examples)

5. Is flexi-time common in your country?

Ex. 35. Work in pairs. What kind of work do you expect to do after you graduate from University? Explain your responsibilities and daily duties to your partner in English.

The career ladder


Getting a job

When Paul left school he applied for (=wrote an official request for) a job in the accounts department of a local engineering company. They gave him a job as a trainee (=a very junior person in a company). He didnt earn very much but they gave him a lot of training (=organized help and advice with learning the job), and sent him on training courses.

Note: Training is an uncountable noun, so you cannot say a training. You can only talk about training (in general), or a training course (if you want to refer to just one). Here you can use the verbs do or go on: I did/went on several training courses last year.


Moving up


Paul worked hard at the company and his prospects (=future possibilities in the job) looked good. After his first year he got a good pay rise (=more money), and after two years he was promoted (=given a higher position with more money and responsibility). After six years he was in charge of (=responsible for/the boss of) the accounts department with five other employees (=workers in the company) under him (=under his responsibility/authority).


Leaving the company


By the time Paul was 30, however, he decided he wanted a fresh challenge (=a new exciting situation). He was keen to work abroad, so he resigned from his company (=officially told the company he was leaving his job; you can also say he quit the company) and started looking for a new job with a bigger company. After a couple of months he managed to find a job with an international company, which involved(=included) a lot of foreign travel. He was very excited about the new job and at first he really enjoyed the traveling, but


Hard times


After about six months Paul started to dislike the constant moving around, and after a year he hated it; he hated living in hotels, and he never really made any friends in the new company. Unfortunately his work was not satisfactory either and finally he was sacked (=told to leave the company/dismissed/given the sack) a year later.

After that, Paul found things much more difficult. He was unemployed(=out of work/without a job) for over a year. He had to sell his car and move out of his new house. Things were looking bad and in the end Paul had to accept a part-time job (=working only some of the day or some of the week) on a fruit and vegetable stall in a market.


Happier times


To his surprise, Paul loved the market. He made lots of friends and enjoyed working out in the open air. After two years he took over (=took control of) the stall. Two years later he opened a second stall, and after ten years he had fifteen stalls. Last year Paul retired (=stopped working completely) at the age of 55, a very rich man.



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