Ex. 1. Answer the following questions
UNIT II. WORK AND JOBS.
GRAMMAR: MODAL VERBS AND THEIR EQUIVALENTS.
1. What would you do if you wanted a job badly?
2. Do you think that in that case you would agree to any kind of job, no matter how difficult and even unusual it may be?
TEXT. HUNTING FOR A JOB(after S. McClure).
I caught the 9 o’clock train and reached Boston late that night and got out at the South Station. I knew no one in Boston except Miss Bennet. She lived in Sommerville, and I started out for Sommerville. Miss Bennet was a very charming kindof a lady and she and her family did all they could to make me comfortable and help me to get myself established in some way. I had only six dollars and their hospitality was of utmost importance for me.
My first applicationfor a job in Boston was made in accordance with an idea of my own. Every boy in the Western states knew the Pope Manufacturing Company, which produced and sold bicycles. When I published my first work ‘History of Western College Journalism’ the Pope Company had given me an advertisement, and that seemed to be a ‘connection’ of some kind. In any case it was worth trying. So I decided to go to the offices of the Pope Manufacturing Company to ask for a job. Ipushedthe door and walked into the general office and said that I wanted the president of the company.
‘Colonel Pope ?’ asked the clerk and looked at me withsurprise.
I answered, ‘Yes, Colonel Pope.’
I was taken to Colonel Pope, who was then an alert energetic man of thirty-nine. I told Colonel Pope, by way of introduction, that he had once arranged an advertisement for a little book I had published, that I had been a college editor and out of a job. What I wanted was work and I wanted it badly and hopedhe would give it to me.
He said he was sorry, but they were laying off hands. I still hung on. To say that I was upset was to say nothing. It seemed to me that everything would be all up with me, if I had to go out of that room without a job. I asked him if there wasn’t anything at all that I could do. My earnestness made him look at me sharply.
‘Willing to wash windows and scrub floors ?’ he asked.
I told him that I was, and he turned to one of his clerks.
“Has Wilmot got anybody yet to help him in the downtown rink ?” he asked.
The clerk said he thought not.
“Very well’, said Colonel Pope. ‘You can go to the rink and help Wilmot out for tomorrow”.
The next day I went to the bicycle rink and found that what Wilmot wanted was to teach beginners to ride. I had never been on a bicycle in my life nor even very close to one, but in a couple of hours I had learnt to ride a bicycle myself and was teaching other people.
Next day Mr. Wilmot paid me a dollar. He didn’t say anything about my coming back the next morning, but I came and went to work, very much afraid that I would be told I wasn’t needed and that he would throw me out. Mr. Wilmot did not exactly engage me, but he forgot to discharge me, and I came back every day and went to work. I didn’t know how long it would last, but at the end of the week Colonel Pope sent for me and placed me in charge of the uptown rink. It was a long way from Sommerville but I felt happy.
Colonel Pope was a man who watched his workmen and he liked the way I did my work. I was rightwhen I felt that a young man would have a chance with him. He often used to say that “water would find its level”, and he kept an eye on us. One day a wonderful thing happened. Colonel Pope called me into his office and asked me if I could edit a magazine. I was excited.
“Yes, sir,” I replied quickly. I remember it flashed through my mind that I could do anything I was put at – that if I were required to run an ocean steamer I could somehow manage to do it. I could learn to do it as I went along. I answered as quickly as I could get the words out of my mouth, afraid that Colonel Pope would change his mind before I could get them out.
This is how I got my first realjob. And I have never doubted ever since that one of the reasons why I got it was that I had been “willing to wash windows and scrub floors”. I had been ready for anything.
Sommerville – окраина Бостона
to get oneself established – найти работу
to lay off hands – увольнять рабочих
to hang on - настаивать
everything would be all up with me – для меня все будет кончено
as I went along – по ходу дела
catch vt (caught) 1. ловить, поймать; схватить; уловить сatch a ball (a bird, fish; sb’s idea, etc); catch sbby the hand схватить кого-л. за руку; 2. поспеть, попасть на автобус (поезд и т.д.) сatch a bus (a train, etc) Phr catch (a) cold простудиться; catch up with sb догнать кого-л.
reach vt/vi 1. достигать: добираться (до) teach home (school, a town, the station, etc); The news reached them on the next day. He has reached good results. Phr reach an agreement достичь соглашения; His words reached my ears; 2. доставать, дотягиваться (до) Can you reach the ceiling? Phr reachforsth. протягивать руку за чем-н.
kind n вид, род, сорт different kinds of books (goods, trees, etc). What kind of (a) man (student, etc) is he? Что он за человек (студент и т.д.)?
apply vi for work, help, permission etc обращаться за работой, помощью, разрешением и т.д. application n заявление, просьба application form 1. бланк 2. анкета поступающего на работу
sellvt (sold) продавать. He sold his photo camera for a large sum of money. What does this shop sell?
worth a стоящий; заслуживающий (внимания и т.п.) The coat is worth the money you paid for it. They worked hard but it was worth it.Phr be worth doing sth стоит сделать The film is worth seeing. Фильм стоит посмотреть.
decide vt решать decide a question, etc ; We decided to stay in town. They haven’t yet decided what to do (where to go ; etc.) ; decisionn решение Phr take (make) a decision принять решение ; decisive a решающий decisive moment (step, argument, event, etc)
push vt толкать push a door (car, boat, person) (also fig) ;push n толчок give a push
hope vi надеяться I hope to see you soon. We hope that everything will be all right. Phr hope for the better (the best) надеяться на лучшее;hope n надежда have some (little, strong, no, etc) hope of sth There was no hope of improvement. Надежды на улучшение не было.
surprisevt удивлять His answer surprised everybody; be surprised удивляться We were surprised to see him there. He was so surprised that he couldn’t say a word. We were surprised at his unexpected arrival; surprisen удивление, сюрприз, неожиданность He looked at me in (with)surprise. It was a surprise to us all.
upsetvt (upset) огорчать, расстраивать. The news upset her; be upset огорчаться, расстраиваться We were upset by the bad news, He was upset over(about)the mistake.
pay vt (paid) платить How much did they pay (you) for the article ?pay n плата, зарплата What’s your pay ? payment n платеж, плата to make payment производить платеж
throwvt (threw, thrown) бросать, кидать; throw sth to (at) sb бросать что-л. кому-л. (в кого-л.)
last vi 1. длиться, продолжаться How long did the meeting (lecture, concert, rain, trip, etc) last ? 2. хватать (быть в достаточном количестве) The money (food, etc) will last them till the end of the month (for a whole week, etc).
chargevt 1. поручать, вверять, вменять в обязанности He was charged with an important mission. На него была возложена важная миссия. 2. обвинять, выдвигать или предъявлять обвинение; charge sb. witha crime обвинять кого-л. в преступлении; 3. назначать, запрашивать цену; взимать плату How much do you charge for packing? charge n 1. забота, попечение The children are in charge of a nurse. 2. обязанности, ответственность, руководство I’m in charge of this office. 3. обвинение He was arrested on a charge of murder. What are the charges against him? 4. цена, плата; free of charge бесплатно
rightn право You have no right to speak to me like that Phr have the right to work (rest and leisure, etc) иметь право на труд (отдых и т.д.)
happenvi случаться, происходить How did it happen ? The story happened two years ago. What’s happened to (with) him?
be excitedволноваться; get excited разволноваться Everybody was excited by the news. Don’t get excited!Неволнуйтесь! excitement nволнение, возбуждение exciting а волнующий, захватывающий an exciting story (speech, film, book, moment, event, etc) ; excited взволнованный, возбужденный an excited voice (face, child, etc)
mindn 1.ум, разум a great (strong, weak, etc) mind Phrcome to one’s mind (come to one’s head) приходить на ум (в голову); Phrbe onone’s mind задумать что-нибудь не давать покоя (о мысли) 2. мнение, мысль We are all of the same mind. Phr tomy (his, her, etc) mind по моему (его, ее и т.п.) мнению; с моей (его, ее, и т.п.) точки зрения Phrmake upone’s mind решить(ся); change one’s mind передумать, изменить решение; mindvt/vi возражать, иметь что-н. против (обычно употребляется в вопросительных и отрицательных контекстах) Do you mind if I open (my opening) the window? – I don’t mind it at all. Would you mind opening the window? Откройте окно, пожалуйста. He doesn’t mind cold weather a bit. PhrNever mind! Не беспокойтесь! Не важно! PhrMind your own business! Занимайся своим делом! (Не лезь не в свое дело!) absent-mindeda рассеянный; light-mindeda легкомысленный
real a настоящий, подлинный ; действительный real gold (silk, etc.) ; a real friend (hero, etc) ; the real truth ;reality n действительность, реальность; really adv действительно, на самом деле Do you really think so ?
Ex. 1. Answer the following questions.
1. Who was the only person the author knew in Boston? 2. In what way was he received? Why was it of great importance to him? 3. What made the young man apply for a job to the Pope Company? 4. Describe Colonel Pope. What was his answer to the young man’s story? 5. Why did the man still hang on though he found out that the company was laying off hands? 6. What question did the Colonel ask him? 7. Describe the young man’s job and say whether he coped with it. 8. Why did the man continue to work for Mr. Wilmot though he hadn’t engaged him? 9. What happened at the end of the week? 10. What job was the young man offered in the long run? 11. What idea flashed through his mind? 12. What helped the man to get his first job?