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You don't mean that, surely



You're joking (of course).

You must be joking! colloquial

Come off it!colloquial

You'repulling myleg. colloquial

Practice


 


Ways of expressing yourself when someone tells you something you find hard to believe (= incredible).

I like crowds,

hard work,

noisy children,

walking in the rain,

taking medicine,

dieting.

 

I hate television.

spring.

animals.

parties.

sport.

I learned English in a week.
I keep an elephant in the garden.
I have twelve children.
I want to marry you.

________________________

(No)..__________________

Really?

Do/Did/Have you really?

I don't believe you.

I can't believe you.

I really can't believe you/that.

I find that hard to believe.

I refuse to believe you/it/that.

You don't/can't expect me to believe that.

But) that's incredible.

Surely not!

You're not serious, (are you)?

You can't be serious.

You don't mean that, surely.


/. Tell someone that you:

can speak Chinese fluently; never drink water;

keep a lion as a pet;

hate travelling;

are in love again.

Let him /her express incredulity.

A: I can speak Chinese fluently.

B: No! I don't believe you.

2. Learn the dialogue and make substitutions.

 

Husband: Good news, darling.
Wife: No, I don't believe you. What is it? (No!)
Husband: I'm getting a rise.
Wife: No! But that s incredible! (I don't believe you).
Husband: A 50% rise.
Wife: A 50% rise? I refuse to believe it. (You're pulling my leg).
Husband: We'll be able to buy a car.
Wife: Really? (You're joking!)
Husband: Yes. And a new carpet.
Wife: A new carpet? You 're not serious, are you darling?
  (You can't be serious.)
Husband: Oh yes I am. And we'll get a colour TV.
Wife: You can't expect me to believe that. It all sounds like
  a dream. (Surely not!)
Husband: Well, it's a dream come true. But we'll have to wait a
  while. You see, I shan't get the rise till next autumn.
Wife: Oh, next autumn. I see. I thought it was too good to

3. Express incredulity.

I saw ....


 


144


145





GRAMMAR: MODAL VERBS. PROBABILITY: SHOULD. OUGHT TO

Practice

1. Complete the sentences using shouldor ought toand the correct form of the verbs in the box. Use each verb only once.

pass be win not take

sell arrive receive

1. I've only got £l 5, but that... enough. We won't need to buy very much.

2. You ... my letter first thing tomorrow morning. I posted it early today. 3.1 was surprised. Liverpool lost the football match. They ... easily. 4.1 ... my car easily. I only want £950 for it and it's in very good condition. 5. Andrew... the exams last week. He worked very hard for them. 6. 'How long will it take to drive to the park?' 'Well, it... long. It isn't very far.' 7. I'm still waiting for the 7 o'clock bus. It... half an hour ago.

2. Use shouldor ought toto say that you think something will happen.

1. Do you think Ted will get the job he applied for? Well, ... .He's got all the necessary qualifications.

2. Do you think Margaret will pass the examination? Well, .... She has studied very hard.

3. Do you think Jim will win his tennis match against Tom? Well, .... He's a much better player than Tom.

4. Do you think £10 will be enough to do all the shopping? Well, it... . But take a bit more in case it isn't.

3: Use should/oughtto, or mustin the following.

1. Look at all the people standing in line to get into that movie. It... be a good movie. 2. Let's go to the lecture tonight. It ... be interesting. 3. Look. Jack's car is in front of his house. He ... be at home. Let's stop and visit him. 4. A: Hello. May I speak to Jack? B: He isn't here right now. A: What time do you expect him? B: He ... be home around nine or so. 5. A: Who do you think is going to win the game tomorrow? B: Well, our team has better players, so we ... win, but you never know. Anything can happen in sports. 6. A: What time are you going to arrive? B: Well, the trip takes about four hours. I think I'll leave sometime around noon, so I... get there around four. 7. A: Susie is yawning and rubbing



146


 

 

her eyes. B: She ... be sleepy. Let's put her to bed early tonight. 8. Hmmm.

I wonder what's causing the delay. Ellen's plane ... have been here an
hour ago. 9.1 thought I had a dollar in my purse, but I don't. I ... have
spent it. 10. Ed has been acting strangely lately. He ... be in love. 11. Forty
minutes ... She ... have been back for her rest hour by now.

4. Rephrase the sentences using the correct form of the words in brackets.

1. I'm sure she is in bed. (must) 2. We'll probably arrive before

II o'clock, (should) 3. Perhaps he was ill. (may) 4. It's impossible that
they missed the plane, (can't) 5. Perhaps she'll phone later, (might) 6. I'll
probably be at home by 6 o'clock, (should) 7. Perhaps they went home,
(could) 8. It's impossible that he's telling the truth, (can't) 9. I'm sure
you've heard the news, (must) 10. Perhaps I won't go out this evening,
(may) 11. It's impossible that she saw us. (can't) 12. I'm sure the bus
has left, (must) 13. Perhaps he didn't apply for the job. (might) 14. She'll
probably be here soon, (ought to)

5. Translate into English.

1. 5.30. . 2. , , . . 3. ? , . . 4. , ?, . . 5. , , , . 6. , , . 7. . , , . 8. , . 9. , , . . 10. , . 11. , . . 12. . , . 13. , , . 14. . , . 15. , , . 16. . . 17. , , .

18. ? , , . , . , , .

19. , , , , . 20. , , . 21. , .

147


 

Dialogue

Mr Kay: Candidate (A): Mr Kay: Candidate (A): Mr Kay: Candidate (A): Dialogue Mr Kay: Candidate (B): Mr Kay: Candidate (B): Mr Kay: Dialogue D   Mr Kay:

22. . . 23. 10 . , , . 24. . 25. . , . 26. . . 27. : . , . 28. , ? . .

TOPIC : JOBS AND WORK

Listen, read and practise.

She Seems to Be the Best Qualified

Candidate (C): Dialogue E Mr Kay:

A vacancy had arisen in Mr Kay's small office. His secretary, who was pregnant, was suddenly advised by her doctor to give up working. Mr Kay had to find a replacement quickly and he advertised her post in the press. He placed an advertisement in three newspapers. Several girls (and a few men) applied for the job. He looked through their applications and discussed them with his assistant, Mr Samuel, when he came back from his time off that afternoon. There were some good candidates, some not so good. One girl wrote that she had been trained as a cook but she didn't like working in hot kitchens. One man wanted to work as a salesman but thought that working as a secretary was the best way to start. One was a college student who wanted to earn some money to support herself in the university vacation. She only wanted to work part-time. But eventually Mr Kay made the appointment.

Dialogue A

Mr Kay: Twenty applicants that's not bad for one advert.

I've made a shortlist of five, so we'd better call them

for interview.
Mr Samuel: Will next Monday do?
Mr Kay: Monday, all right. I'll see this one first, Janita Ling.

Mr Samuel: Mr Kay:

She seems to be the best qualified.
Mr Samuel: Is she the graduate in business studies?
Mr Kay: Yes, and I hope she's good at typing as well.

148


Now, Miss Ling, about your qualifications. I see that

you have fluent French as well as English and that

you were working with your last company for four

years. Tell me, why did you leave?

Actually, I didn't leave. The company closed down.

Closed down?

Yes, it went bankrupt. So I was out of job.

I see. And have you been doing anything since?

I had a couple of temporary jobs, and now I really

need something permanent.

So tell me, why are you applying to work in my company?

Well, I was trained in book-keeping and office practice and I'd like to use my secretarial skills. I see. And apart from typing what experience do you have with office machinery? I know how to use the telex machine and the photocopier.

All right. Well, I'll think it over and we'll get in touch with you in a day or two. Thank you for coming.

 

Now let me tell you a few things about the job. You know the salary already. We pay a bonus twice a year and we give three weeks' holiday a year. Office hours are nine to five thirty and we work a five-day week. Do you have any questions?

Er, yes. Well, I insist on a doctor's certificate if staff are away for longer than a couple of days.

 

 

Miss Ling is still my first choice, so could you give her a ring and I'll offer her the job. If she accepts I'll write to the others straight away so as not to keep them waiting.

Are you going to take up her references?

No, there's no need to do that. I'm pretty sure we can trust her. If she accepts I'll write her a letter of appointment.

149


A. Questions.

1. What post did Mr Kay advertise and why? 2. Was Mr Kay pleased with the number of applicants? 3. How many applicants was Mr Kay going to interview? 4. Does Miss Ling have a degree? 5. Why was she out of work? 6. What particular skills was Mr Kay looking for in his applicants? 7. How many hours a week does Mr Kay's office work? 8. Was Mr Kay offering a full-time or a part-time job?

B. Ask and answer questions about a) the vacancy in Mr Kay's office; b) the candidates who applied for the job c) the interview.

C. Retell the text and roleplay the conversations.

D. Practice.

1. Translate the following sentences.

1. This sort of work won't do for him. 2. He will do for us. 3. This hat will do. 4. Will these brown shoes do? 5. This room will do for an office. 6. Can I have a bottle of red wine? Will port do? 7. When shall we meet? Will Friday do?

2. Answer the questions as in the example.

What does your father do?

He works as an engineer at one of the city plants.

1. What does your husband do? 2. What is your brother's job? 3. What does your sister do? 4. What do you do? 5. What does Henry do? 6. What does your mother do? 7. What is your friend's job?

3. Make up sentences. Do it as in the example.

Travelling is the best way to make friends.

4. Respond giving reasons.

Shall we send a telegram?

No, there's no need to do that. She knows about our arrival.

1. Shall I buy some meat? 2. Shall I help her? 3. Shall I phone him? 4. Shall we tell her? 5. Shall we take a taxi? 6. Shall I write to her? 7. Shall we have to start early?

150


5. Complete the sentences using had betterand the verbs in the box. >= The phone is ringing. I'd better answer it.

park stay hurry answer put out be not leave

1. This knife is very sharp. You... careful when you use it. 2. Oh, no! Look! There's a 'No Parking' sign here. We... somewhere else. 3. You're not very well. I think you... in bed today. 4. We're late. We.... 5. There's a lot of crime in this area. We... any doors or windows unlocked. 6. The plane is just going to take off. You... that cigarette.

People and Their Jobs

1. Lucy works in a travel agency. Her salary is very low. She only gets
three weeks' holiday a year and she works long hours. But Lucy doesn't
mind, because she enjoys her work. She has a nice boss and she meets a
lot of people during the day. Her work is interesting and varied. Also,
every year her company gives her a free two-week holiday in Europe.

A. Imagine you meet Lucy. Ask her questions about her job.

B. Think of other jobs with good 'perks'.
What are good working conditions?

2. Paul works on a car assembly line in a factory. He is a skilled worker
and he does a lot of overtime; so at the end of each week he takes home
quite a good wage. However, he doesn't enjoy his work. He finds it
boring and monotonous. He gets four weeks' holiday a year, but be
cause there are several public holidays and sometimes strikes in the
factory, he doesn't usually work 48 weeks a year.

A. Imagine you meet Paul. Ask him questions about his job.

B. Would you like to work in a factory? Why? Why not?
Are there a lot of strikes in your country?

3. Tom is unemployed. He is a university graduate and he has a degree
in sociology. However, Tom cannot find a good job. Each week he receives some money from the government called 'Social Security'. With this money he pays the rent and buys his food, but at the end of the week he is always 'broke'.

A. Imagine you meet Tom. Ask him questions about his life.

151


. Does your government give money to the unemployed? Are there many unemployed graduates in your country?

4. Mr Charles is a successful businessman. He is a company director.
He earns a lot of money, and he also pays a lot of income tax. He is 64
and next year he is going to retire. He will get a good pension from his
company and also an old age pension from the state. He is looking for
ward to his retirement. He wants to read a lot and go fishing.

A. Ask Mr Charles some questions.

B. What is the usual retirement age in your country? Can you talk about
pension schemes in your country?

5. Henry: I'm a pop star. I earn about £60,000 a year. Being a pop star
means all sorts of things. It means I don't have to worry about money
any more. It means I can do what I want to do. For example, I hate
having to get up early. I can't stand working in offices or in factories. I
can't bear having to work at fixed hours. That's why I enjoy being a pop
star. I like playing in front of large audiences. I even like all those young
girls screaming and trying to tear my clothes off.

A. Imagine you meet Henry. Ask him questions about his job.

B. Would you like to be a pop star? Do you think it is an interesting job?

6. Alice: I'm a nurse and I don't earn very much money at all. In fact, I have
a lot of difficulty in just making ends meet, as we say. But I like being a
nurse. I suppose it's because I enjoy helping people. Being a nurse is hard
work. It means working all sorts of hours. And it isn't very pleasant some
times. There are all sorts of things I don't enjoy. For example, I don't enjoy
seeing people in pain. Working ten hours a day and more in a hospital isn't
much fun, but at least you know you're doing something worthwhile.

A. Imagine you meet Alice. Ask her questions about her job.

B. Tell your classmates about your job. Say what you like and what you
don't like about your job.

C. Tell about your friend s (mother's, father's, etc.) job. Say whether
she/he likes it or not. Say why.

7. John: The job that I have recently started is as a sales representative
with a company that produces garden furniture. The company, called
'Sunnosit', is based in Thornton, a small town in the Midlands. The area


manager, who has been with the company for over thirty years, is due to retire next year, which means I might get his job if I do well. One great advantage is having a company car, which I have to have, because the job involves visiting different parts of the country. My colleagues, who I get on well with, are quite ambitious, which means the atmosphere at work is rather competitive. I don't mind. Apart from that, the job is fine.

A. Imagine you meet John. Ask him questions about his job.

B. Are you ambitious? What are your colleagues like? Do you like your
boss? What is he/she like? Is your work challenging?

Getting a Job

In Britain there is a special service for school leavers, the Careers Advisory Service, which helps young people who are looking for their first jobs. Careers Officers give practical advice on interview techniques, application forms, letters, pay, National Insurance and Trade Unions. This is an extract from a leaflet which is given to young people by Dorset Careers Service.

The interview

You've got an interview for a job good! So now for the hard work. To do well at an interview you need to put in some thought first.

The employer wants to know if you are the person he wants, so you'll be asked about yourself. Think about it now:

What do I do well? School activities?

What are my good points? School subjects?

Why would I like this job? Previous work?

Spare-time interests? Saturday job?

What is my family like? What do I like doing and why? What do I not like doing and why?

You will want to ask questions too.

The job itself? Can I see where I

Training? would be working

Prospects? Hours?

Further Education? £££?
Conditions?


 


152


153


Write your questions down and take them with you. Before the interview

1. Find out what you can about the firm.

2. Find out the interviewer's name and telephone number.

3. Find out where the interview is.

4. Find out how long it will take to get there.

5. Make sure you know what the job involves.

6. Dress to look clean and tidy.

At the Interview

1. Do arrive early. Phone if you're held up.

2. Do try to smile.

3. Do show interest in the job and ask questions.

4. Do be polite.

5. Don't panic, even if faced by more than one person.

6. Don't slouch around and look bored.

7. Don't smoke or chew.

8. Don't give one word answers or say you don't care what you do

Look at these job advertisements.

Trainee computer programmer

Good opportunity for a start in computers. Ability at maths is essential. Application forms to: Personnel Department, Continental Computers, Honeywell Rd., Bournemouth.

Fernside Engineering

Require a junior clerk for the accounts department. Apply in writing to: The Personnel Officer, Fernside Engineering, Western Rd., Poole.

Shop assistant

A vacancy for a smart, lively young person.

Good prospects. Please write to:

Mrs J. Frost, 'Cool Boutique', 39 High St., Dorchester

Applying by letter

1. Remember that first impressions are important.

2. Write clearly and neatly on good notepaper, unlined if possible.


 

3. Check for spelling mistakes. Use a dictionary if you are not sure of a word.

4. Describe yourself, your qualifications and your experience clearly.

5. If the advertisement asks you to write for an application form you will not need to give detailed information in your letter.

6. Address the letter and the envelope clearly.

44 Deepdale Road, Boscombe, Bournemouth, BH92 7JX 4th April, 1982

The Personnel Department, Continental Computers, Honeywell Road, Bournemouth

Dear Sir or Madam,

I read your advertisement in yesterday's 'Evening Echo'. I am interested in training as a computer programmer. Could you please send me an application form, and any further details.

Yours faithfully,

Joanne Evans

A. Questions.

1. Have you ever had an interview for a job? 2. Is there a Careers Advisory Service in your country/school? 3. How do people find jobs? 4. How would you find a job?/How did you find your first job? 5. Where can you find job advertisements?

B. Ask students to re-read the 'Before the interview' section. Ask questions.

1. What would you want to find out about the firm? (Discuss in pairs, make up a list and report back size, location, business, etc.)

2. What would you wear? Would you wear jeans?/a suit?/ a tie?/ a dress?

C. At the interview.' Ask students to re-read this section. Do you agree
with the advice? Why?/Why not?


 


154


155


D. 'The interview.' Ask individuals questions.
(Ask him/her/me/each other.)

1. What are your spare-time interests? 2. What's your family like? 3. Have you got any brothers or sisters? How many? How old are they? What do they do? Do they like their jobs? 4. What do you like doing? Why? 5. What don't you like doing? Why? 6. What subjects have you studied at school? Did you study...? Do/Did you enjoy studying history/ geography/matbe-matics/etc? Do/Did you enjoy learning English/French/etc.? 7. What do you do well? What do you do badly? 8. What are your good points? (I'm friendly, honest, sensible, practical, etc.) 9. What school activities do/did you do? (sports, clubs, etc.) 10. Have you worked before? 11. Have you done a part-time job? (in the English leaflet it is a 'Saturday job'.)

E. Focus attention on the rest of 'The interview' (the questions to ask).
Ask students to suggest questions using the prompts (a) in pairs (b) to the
class. Draw up a list of possible questions, and ask a few individuals.

1. What does the job involve? 2. What are the working hours? 3. What are the holidays? 4. Is there a restaurant? 5. Is there any training? What is it? 6. Will I get any qualifications? 7. Can I see where I would be working? 8. What's the salary? 9. What are the prospects for promotion? 10. Is there a pension?

F. Focus attention on the job advertisements. Ask:

1. Which would you apply for? 2. Why would you like this job?

G. Pair work. Students roleplay an interview, using the leaflet and the |
job advertisement (select one job for each pair).

H. Focus attention on 'Applying by letter'. Do you agree with the advice? Why/Why not?

Applying for a Job Before Your Interview

Here are some questions to think about. Your answers will help you choose the right job. Your answers will also help you answer the interviewer s questions.

Do you have the right skills?

If you want to be a salesperson, do you enjoy travelling, and are you good at meeting people? Are you aggressive?

156


If you want to be a secretary, are you interested in working in an office? Can you type and file quickly? Are you patient?

If you want to work in a store or restaurant, do you like helping people? Are you good at working with numbers? Are you friendly? What skills do you need for the job you would like to have?

Are you responsible? Do you work hard? Do you always do the best job you can? Do you help your co-workers?

Are you reliable? Do you start working on time? Do you come to work every day? If you begin working on something, do you finish it?

What are your strengths?

For example, do you work well with people? Are you good at math? Can you type fast? Do you learn quickly? Are you reliable? Can you work independently?

What are your weaknesses?

For example, perhaps your English is still not very good, but you're taking a class to improve it. Perhaps you are impatient because your coworkers do not work very fast, but you are learning to be more patient.

. You and your partner want to hire a new salesperson for your company. The salesperson will sell school supplies to colleges and universities. Look at the chart and study the likes, dislikes and experience of the applicants. Discuss the applicants with your partner. Decide which applicant you want to hire. Read the example.

 

NAMES LIKES DISLIKES EXPERIENCE
Georgia Hall responsibility working with people clerical work working with numbers worked in a school
Greg Otero working independently responsibility large companies travelling by plane worked in a college bookstore
Susan White travelling big companies selling working at night worked as a bookkeeper
Albert Wu selling helping people working alone travelling was a salesman in a shoe store

A: What do you think about hiring Greg Otero?

157


: I think he could do the job. He enjoys working independently, and he likes having responsibility. Also, he used to work in a college bookstore.

A: Yes, but he hates working for large companies, and he isn't interested in travelling by plane.

A Letter of Application

Paulo has read this advertisement in 'Health and Fitness' magazine.

Keen on sport? Busy health club requires outgoing person for part-time work (including late hours). June to September. Good command of English. Must be adaptable. Please write to: The Manager, Sundance Health Club, Harbour Lane, Chichester, Sussex, POl 2JE including a recent photograph.

This is Paulo's letter of application.

Rua de Gloria 10 3000 Coimbra Portugal 15th April 1995

The Manager, Sundance Health Club, Harbour Lane, Chichester, Sussex, POl 2JE

Dear Sir/Madam,

I'm writing in reply to your advertisement in 'Health and Fitness' magazine for general part-time work in your health club. I am a 20-year-old Portuguese student and I come from Coimbra in the north of Portugal. At present I am still studying at college but I am taking my final exams in May. I have studied English for six years but I want to spend some time in England in order to improve my spoken English.

I am interested in sport and fitness and at home I go to a sports centre three times a week. I am also a member of the college swimming team. I get on very well with people and I like making new friends. I don't mind doing any sort of work including cleaning, washing up and helping in the gym.


I am prepared to work any hours but ideally I would like to work in the afternoons and evenings only so that I can attend English classes in the mornings. I have friends who live in Chichester, so accommodation is not a problem. My term ends on 28th May, so I would be able to start on 1st June.

I look forward to hearing from you.

Yours faithfully,

Paulo Freitas

A. Study and practise the text.

B. You want to go to Britain in the summer and would like to earn a
little money while you are there. Read the following job advertisement.

Winsdor Leisure Centre

Stowell Road, Winsdor

wants part-time summer helpers

The employer: runs two leisure centres and employs about ten casual staff

Season: July to September

Work period: evenings, weekends and holidays

The work: setting up and taking down sports equipment; involvement in children's summer activity programme; working as lifeguards

Pay and conditions: £3.50 £4.00 per hour

Qualifications: lifeguards must be strong swimmers, preferably trained in first aid. Life saving training will be given. Good knowledge of English is essential.

Age: 18

Application: to the manager at the above address

Now in pairs discuss the information you need to include in your letter of application for the job. Make notes under the following headings.

you and your personal details

knowledge of English

current course of study or current job

stability for job

availability

any questions


 


158


159


Write a letter to the manager of the Winsdor Leisure Centre applying for the job. Use Paulo's letter as a guide.


Out of Work


 


Your Career History

A CV ('curriculum vitae' or 'resume') is essential if you're applying for a new job or for promotion within your own company, or even to register as a delegate at a conference. Some information might be given in your CV, some in your letter of application and perhaps some on Supplementary Information sheet (giving information relevant to the particular job you're applying for). There are no fixed international rule about this: different countries have different practices.

Work in pairs. Decide where you in your country and in your line business would normally give this information:

1. Your name, address and telephone number.

2. The title and reference number of the j ob.

3. Your date of birth.

4. Your marital status.

5. The name and address of present (or last) employer.

6. Your hobbies and leisure interests.

7. The sports you play.

8. Details of all the jobs you have had.

9. The languages you speak, read or write.

10. Details of the examinations you passed at school.

11. Details of the professional diplomas or degrees you have game

12. Details of training courses you have attended.

13. Details of your achievements and responsibilities in you working career.

14. Your suitability for the job advertised.

15. Your reasons for applying for this job.

16. When you are available for interview.

 

17. Details of your present (or last) job.

18. Your current (or last) salary.

19. The salary you would expect to receive.

20. The names and addresses of two or three referees.

in your CV or resume?

in your Letter of Application?

on a Supplementary Information sheet?

or on an Application Form?


In Britain a lot of people are out of work. Tracey Chapman is 18, and she left school a year ago. She lives in the North East, an area of high youth unemployment. She hasn't been able to find a job yet.

'My dad just doesn't understand. He started working in a steel mill when he was 15. Things are different now, but he thinks I should start bringing home some money. Oh, I get my unemployment benefit, but that isn't much and I'm fed up with queuing for it every Thursday. I hate having to ask my mum and dad for money. Oh, mum gives me a couple of pounds for tights now and then, but she can't stand seeing me at home all day. I've almost given up looking for a job. I buy the local paper every day but I'm really tired of looking through the 'Situations Vacant' column. There are 50 applicants for every job. I was interested in being a dentist's receptionist because I like meeting people, but now I'd take any job at all. People ask me why I don't move to London, but I don't want to leave my family and friends. Anyway I'm scared of living on my own in a big city.'

Tracey Chapman went to the Careers Advisory Service. She had to complete this questionnaire.

Questionnaire

1. Are you seeking

a) full-time employment?

b) part-time employment?

2. Which of these is most important for you?

money? job satisfaction?

people? an interesting job?

security?

3. Do you like Yes No

a) meeting people?

b) working alone?

c) working with other people?

d) working with your hands?

e) travelling?

4. What do you like doing in your free time?


 


160


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George Morley is 54. Until last year he was a production manager in the textile industry. He had worked for the same company since he left school. He had a good job, a four-bedroomed house and a company car. When his company had to close because of economic difficulties, he became redundant.

'It's funny really... I don't feel old, but it isn't easy to start looking for a job at my age. I've had so many refusals. Now I'm frightened of applying for a job. All the interviewers are twenty years younger than me. You see, I'm interested in learning a new skill, but nobody wants to train me. I can see their point of view. I'll have to retire in ten years. It's just... well, I'm tired of sitting around the house. I've worked hard for nearly forty years and now I'm terrified of having nothing to do. When I was still with Lancastrian Textiles I was bored with doing the same thing day after day, but now I'd really enjoy doing a job again... any job really. It's not the money... I got good redundancy pay, and the house is paid for... and I've given up smoking... no, it's not just money. I just need to feel... well, useful... that's all.'

A. Play the cassette of the introduction about Tracey Chapman. Answer
the questions.

1. What's her name? 2. How old is she? 3. She isn't a student, is she? 4. Where does she live? 5. Does she work? Why not? 6. Is she happy? Why not?

B. Play the cassette again. After each sentence with an ing form pauseto ask questions, for example:

Cassette: He thinks I should start bringing home some money.

(Pause)
T: What does he think?

St: He thinks she should start bringing home some money, etc.

Questions.

1. Where did he start working? 2. What does he think? 3. What's she fed up with? 4. What does she hate? 5. What can't her mother stand? 6. What has she almost given up? 7. What's she tired of? 8. What was she interested in? 9. What does she like? 10. What's she scared of?

C. Read the text. Speak about Tracey Chapman. Use the -ingforms.


J). Play the cassette of the introduction about George Morley1. Answer the questions.

1. What's his name? 2. How old is he? 3. What was his job? 4. How long had he worked there? 5. Why did his company have to close? 6. What happened to him?

E.Play the cassette pausing as in 'B'.

Questions.

1. What isn't easy? 2. What's he frightened of? 3. What's he interested in? 4. What's he tired of? 5. What's he terrified of? 6. What would he enjoy? 7. What's he given up?

F. Read the text. Speak about George Morley. Use the -ingforms.

G. Focus attention on the 'Questionnaire'.

Pair work. Students complete the questionnaire for a partner. Ask a few students about their partners' answers.

H. Exercise 1

I like meeting people.

Make sentences about yourself with:

love/enjoy/don't like/dislike/hate/can't stand.

Exercise 2

I'm scared of living on my own. Make sentences about yourself with: afraid of/frightened of/terrified of.

Exercise 3

Im bored with doing the same thing. Make sentences about yourself with: fed up with/tired of/interested in.

Exercise 4

I gave up smoking.

Make sentences about yourself with:

start/begin/stop/give up.


 


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Focus on phrasal verbs.

Getting on in Life

Two people, Jeremy and Angela are describing how they came to choose their careers.

Jeremy

At the moment I have a very good, well-paid job that I enjoy doing, but it hasn't always been like this.

Several years ago I used to work as a salesman for a small company that specialized in making motor components for the car industry. It was the sort of job where you had to be committed to your product, you had to believe in it and do everything possible to sell it. But times were hard, and a lot of companies were going out of business, so our company started to cut back on the number of people it employed in order to save money fortunately, I wasn't one of them but in the end it had to close down, and I found myself out of work for the first time in my life. I applied for several jobs in similar companies, but I wasn't successful every one of them turned me down.

Then one day I was looking through the paper and I came across an advertisement for courses that specialized in journalism. I filled in an application form, sent it off, was accepted onto the course, studied hard, passed my exams, and became a qualified journalist. I then wrote to a small magazine for the car industry, attended an interview along with dozens of other applicants and, to my surprise, they took me on. The magazine grew in size and popularity. 1 moved from writing articles to being sub-editor, and this year I became the editor, so I suppose I've been lucky really.

Angela

When I was young my father always told me how important it was to get on in life and be a success. 'You must make something of your life,' he used to say. I think he wanted me to be a doctor or an engineer or something like that. And I can remember how disappointed he was when I left school early and started work as a secretary.

It was a small, badly-run company, and when I went there they told me the job wasn't difficult and I would soon pick it up. At the beginning I liked the job, but as time passed the work started to take up more of my time and I found I was working late in the evenings and even at week-


ends. And in addition to this I had to put up with poor working conditions and a low salary I earned just enough to get by and there were no promotion prospects at all. All this really got me down. And then I started to wonder if I was really cut out for this kind of work it didn't really suit me or my particular abilities.

Then one day I remember I'd been working very hard that month and had put in a lot of extra hours I went to see my boss to ask for some time off work. I needed to visit my mother, who wasn't well at the time. I have to say that I didn't get on with my boss very well. Anyway, he refused point-blank. He said it was out of the question and he didn't want to hear another word. I tried explaining but I just couldn't get through to him. He wouldn't listen. So I walked out of the office, and as far as I was concerned, that was it, that was the last straw. The next day I handed in my resignation, and I said to myself I would never put myself in that kind of position again. I decided to return to studying and go in for law. I graduated from London University and now I'm starting to make my way in the world. As my father used to say, 'The world is my oyster'.

So was my father right? Is it important to get on in the world? Well, in some ways it is, but it depends on how you measure success and what you want to get out of life. After all, there are other things in life besides work.

A. Decide if the following statements are true (T) or false (F) and ex
plain why.

1. Jeremy was made unemployed because the company wanted to save money. 2. The company went out of business because of the poor economic climate. 3. Jeremy was offered several jobs in other similar companies but he rejected them. 4. Jeremy's application to a small magazine was successful. 5. Angela's father wanted her to be ambitious. 6. She needed special training to do her job as a secretary. 7. She had to spend a lot of time doing her job. 8. She couldn't live on her salary. 9. A few things about her job depressed her. 10. She chose law as her career.

B. Practice.

1. Match the verbs in A with the definitions in B.

, A___________________ __B______________________

1 to cut back (on) (something) a. to learn something without dif

ficulty or special study

2. to close (something) down b. to make someone feel depressed


 


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3. to turn someone/something down to close something (a factory or

organization) temporarily or permanently

4. to take someone on d. to manage to survive and have a

satisfactory life

5. to get on e. to use or require a certain amount

of time, effort, or space

6. to pick something up f. to employ someone

7. to take up an amount of something g. to choose something as one's ca-

reer

8. to get by (on something) h. to refuse or reject someone/some-

thing

9. to get someone down i. to reduce something, especially

to save money

10. to go in for something j. to succeed, to be successful in

one's job

2. Read the sentences. Then say the sentences again, using the multiword verb prompts. The first one has been done for you.

1. The company has employed extra staff. {take on) The company has taken on extra staff.

2. I've decided to make a career in medicine. {go in for)

3. She survives on a very small income. {get by)

4. He didn't accept my offer of help. {turn down)

5. The factory will have to reduce production. {cut back on)

6. The bad working conditions depress me. {get me down)

7. The company has stopped doing business. {close down)

8. I learnt some Arabic while I was in Cairo. {pick up)

9. She wants to be a success in her job. {get on)

10. Writing reports uses a lot of my time.
{take up)


3. Translate into English.

1. . 2. . 3. . 4. ? 7. . 8. . 9. . 10. . 11. - . 12. . 13. . 14. , . 15. .

4. Fill in the gaps below.

Originally I worked... a school teacher, but I applied... a grant to study medicine at university and was accepted ... the course. I specialized ... mental disorders, and then started my present job. I believe completely ... what I am doing, I never take any time ... work, and I am totally committed ... my clients. I have to listen very carefully ... what they say, and I sometimes explain... them what I think the problem is. Sometimes they start to depend ... me too much. What is my job? Oh, I forgot to tell you. I am a psychiatrist.

Idiomatic expressions.

5. Look at how the following expressions are used in the text. What do
you think they mean? How would you say number 4 and 6 in your own
language?

1. to get on in life/the world 4. That's the last straw!

2. to be cut out for something 5. to make one's way in the world

3. to refuse (something) point-blank 6. The world is one's oyster.

Use the expressions above to complete the following sentences.

1. After four weeks of working in a school, he realized he wasn't ... teaching. He didn't have enough patience. 2. Although she worked hard and was ambitious, she didn't.... Perhaps she was just unlucky. 3. She was young, intelligent, free, and rich. The world ... .4. Sarah's two young children had behaved badly all day, so when they threw their dinner on the floor, she said '...' and immediately put them to bed. 5. The Director was rather shocked when she refused his offer ... .He wasn't used to receiving ... refusals.


 


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167


. Listen to seven people talking about their work What are their jobs?

1.

I'm often on duty at weekends, especially if there is a football match or a demonstration. I'm there to see things don't get out of control. I think you have to be cut out for this type of work because it isn't easy and can be dangerous. You serve the public and you're there to protect them, but they don't always appreciate what you're trying to do. The pay and conditions are all right, which is a good thing because you can't go on strike.

2.

Sometimes I'm on duty all night and it isn't easy to take time off work. The salary isn't very good I can get by on it but I'd never go on strike, because it's my job to look alter people and 1 know they depend on me. Sometimes you have to put up with bad working conditions but you know that what you're doing is an extremely worthwhile job.

J.

Well, basically I pick people up and I drop them off. I take them where

they want to go to and that's it.

4.

You have to be cut out for this kind of work, otherwise you shouldn't go in for it. You have to learn a lot of things by heart, and you can suffer from nerves throughout the whole of your professional life. You are often out of work and you have to be very ambitious and lucky to get on, but if you do, the world's your oyster.

5.

Employment history:   Summer vacations:

You have to be good at getting on with people, and you have to remain calm at all times you must never panic. You need some training for this job, but some things you can pick up quite quickly. It's exciting to stop off in exotic places and look round for a few days, but sometimes the work can be very routine and the pay is average.

6.

Foreign languages:  

You have to work long hours, and you can be on call twenty-four hours a day, but it's wonderful to be able to use your knowledge to help people and relieve suffering. I think people tend to look up to you as a result.

7.

Like all professionals, you have to be committed to what you're doing. I'm at work veiy early in the morning to set things up. so that everything is ready when the day starts. The work takes up a lot of my time, espe-

168


cially preparation time and going through people's work and correcting it. The poor pay sometimes gets me down, but I believe in what I'm doing and that's the most important thing.

What does your job involve doing? Are you pleased with your present job? Why?/Why not?

J). Work with your partner. Choose a job and decide how you can describe it without saying what the job is. Try not to 'give the game away' by making it too easy. Read your description to the rest of the class. They must guess what the job is. They can also ask you questions about it.

E. Work in pairs. Discuss the following questions.

What is your idea of a good job?

Have you ever had a job you didn't like? What happened?

Conversation Practice

Resume Name: Present address:   Telephone: Date of Birth: Place of birth: Education:

 

 

Stephen Lo

2315 South Sierra Drive,

San Diego, California, CA 92126

(619)076 5581

9/17/70

Oakland, California

1977 84 Millard Fillmore Elementary School, Oakland, Calif.

1984 88 James Garfield High School, Oakland, Calif.

1988 92 College. U.C.L.A, Los Angeles, Calif.

Graduated with a B.S. in Business Administration.

 

1992 present. Administrative Assistant,

Soledad Computers. Pacific Beach, San Diego.

19871991. Camp counsellor. Camp Redwoods, Mendocino County, Calif. Swimming instructor.

Chinese excellent, Spanish fair.

I have a California driver's licence.

169


MrsDu Mrs Da MrsDu Mrs Da.

Mrs D=Mrs Dukakis

1. MrsD: Come in. Mr Lo, isn't it? Please have a seat.

Mr Lo: Thank you.

Mrs D: Did you have a good trip?

Mr Lo: Yes, thanks. I came up from San Diego yesterday.

Mrs D: And did you find a nice hotel?

Mr Lo: No. I'm staying at my parents' place in Oakland.

Mrs D: Oh, that's right, you're from the Bay area, aren't you?

Mr Lo: Yes. I was born and raised in Oakland.

Mrs Du=Mrs Dukakis

Mrs D: When did you leave?

Mr Lo: I went to college in L.A. That was in 1988.

Mrs Du Mrs Da Mrs Du Mrs Da: Mrs Du Mrs Da:
3.

Mrs D: So, where are you presently working?

Mr Lo: Soledad Computers in San Diego. Have you heard of them?

Mrs D: No, not really. How long have you been with them?

Mr Lo: I've been working there since I graduated from college.

Mrs D: Why do you want to change jobs now?

Mr Lo: I'd like to do some travelling. I want to use my langu-
ages, and I want a better job.

Mrs D: Yes. I see here that you speak Chinese and Spanish. That's
OK. Do you want to live closer to your parents?

Mr Lo: That's not the reason why I want this job. But yes, I'd like
to live in this area again.

Mrs D: Well, thank you, Mr Lo. We'll be in touch.

A. Questions.

1. Where is Mr Lo presently working? 2. What is he doing in Oakland? 3. Where was Mr Lo born? 4. When and why did he leave Oakland? 5. Why does Mr Lo want to change his job? 6. What languages can he speak?

B. Speak about Mr Lo.

Roleplay the conversation.

D. You are applying for a job. Write a brief description your inte ests, your character, any work experience you already have and ambitions for the future.

Resume Name: Address:

Crystal Rosemary Danziger

A. Crystal's complete?

1031 Stormont Avenue,

Long Beach, California, CA 90806


 

(213)097-6544 12.13.67

Telephone number: Date of birth:

Place of birth: Education (from High School on):

Previous Employment: Languages spoken: Driver's licence:

Mrs Da=Mrs Danziger

 

Come in Mrs Danziger. Please have a seat.

Please call me Crystal. My, you have a nice office.

Thank you. Did you have a good trip?

It was OK. I got in on the early flight this morning.

Ah, you're from Los Angeles, aren't you?

I live in L.A. at the present time, but I'm originally from New York. Of course, I'm not often in L.A. I've been to seven countries this year.

MrsDu: Mrs Da:

Tell me about your present job.

Mrs Du: Mrs Da:   Mrs Du: Mrs Da:

I'm a sales representative for a book publisher... Travel Books Incorporated. We sell guide books and maps. I travel around Latin America. You see from my resume that I speak Spanish and Portuguese. I majored in Spanish for my Bachelors degree and then...

Where did you get your degree?

I got it from the University of Chicago. Then, after that, I did my Masters at the University of New Mexico.

How long have you been with Travel Books?

Two years. Before that I was with the Disney company for a year in Florida, and before that I worked at a commercial stationery company in Dallas for six months. Have you ever sold computer software?

No, but selling is selling. It's all the same to me.

And do you speak any Asian languages?

No, but I learn fast. I majored in languages. Now I want to ask you some questions about this job...

resume is not completed. How much of her resume can you


 


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B. Speak about Crystal's career.

C. Roleplay the conversation.

D. Situation: You have applied for a job. At the moment you're being
interviewed.

I = Interviewer N = Nancy Mann

4. I: Who do you work for at the moment, Mrs Mann?

N: Um, I work for the BBC World Service.

I: Ah, and how long have you worked for the BBC?

N: I've been with the BBC for five years. Yes, exactly five years. I: And how long have you been their German Correspondent?

N: For two years.

I: And what did you do before the BBC?

N: I worked as an interpreter for the EU.

I: As you know, this job is based in Geneva. Have you ever lived

abroad before?

N: Oh yes, yes I have.

I: And when did you live abroad?

N: Well, in fact I was born in Argentina and I lived there until I

was eleven. Also, I lived and worked in Brussels for two years

when I was working for the EU.

I: Mmm... That's interesting. Have you travelled much?

N: Oh yes, yes indeed. I've travelled all over western and eastern

Europe, and I've also been to many parts of South America.

I: Mmm... And why did you go to these places?

N: Well, mostly for pleasure, but three years ago I went back to

Argentina to cover various political stories in Buenos Aires for

the BBC.

A. Study and practise the conversation.

B. Here are some more events from Nancy Mann's life.
She was born in Argentina in 1959.

She went to boarding school in England from 1970 to 1977. She studied French and German when she was at Oxford University.

She hasn't spoken Spanish since she was in Buenos Aires three years ago.

She's worked in both eastern and western Europe at various times in her life.


She worked in Brussels for two years from 1989 to 1991.

She's worked for the BBC for the last five years.

She hasn't worked abroad since her son was born four years ago.

She married for the first time when she was twenty-one.

She's been married three times.

She married for the third time last year.

Speak about Nancy Mann s life and career. C. Speak about your life and career.

I=Interviewer Miss J=Miss Jones

5. I: Good morning, Miss...

Miss J: Miss Jones.

I: Miss Jones, yes, right. Hi. Um... now, you'd like to join

our team, I gather.

Miss J: Yes, I would.

I: That's very good. Er... I'd like to know a little bit about

you. Perhaps you could tell me a little bit about your education.

Miss J: Oh yes, right. Well, I left school at 18 and for the first two years I went to Gibsons, you might know them, they're an engineering firm. Um... and after that, I wanted to do a course, so I did a one-year full-time PA course and went back to Gibsons. I was PA to the Export Director. I stayed there for two years and... and then moved on to my present company. That's Europa Marketing... um... Mr Adair, the marketing director, offered me a job because Gibson had worked quite a lot with Europa Marketing. And I've been with them for three years now... um... first working with the Marketing Director and now I'm with the Sales Director.

I: That's all very interesting, Miss Jones. Um... I'd like to

know, what did you enjoy most at school? What was the course that you enjoyed most?

Miss J: Ah... foreign languages I liked best. We did French and German. Yes.

I: Mhm. Are you quite fluent in those now or...?

Miss J: Yes, a bit rusty now, but... urn... obviously the more travel I can do the more I can use my languages and I'd like to learn another language. I'd like to add Italian as well.


 


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I: Italian?

Miss J: Yes.

I: Very good, very good, that might be very useful. Now... er...

tell me a little bit about the work you're doing at present.

Miss J: Um... well... er... Europa Marketing is a marketing and public relations company and they do consultancy work for companies operating in the UK and European markets. Er... our clients come from all over the world... um...we deal with some of them by post, but most of them come to our offices at least once during a project. I assist the sales director by arranging these visits, setting up meetings and presentations and I... I deal with her correspondence. I've not been able to go with her on any of her trips abroad, but I... I've been to firms in this country, several times on my own... um... to make these arrangements.

I: It sounds as if you're very happy there, Miss Jones. I'm

curious why you'd like to leave them and join our company.

Miss J: Well... um... I know the reputation of Anglo-European and it has a very good reputation. And I feel that I would have more scope and opportunity in your company and that the work will be more challenging for me. I might be able to possibly travel and use my languages because at the moment most of my work is... is rather routine secretarial-type and I like the idea of more...um... challenges in my life really...

A. Questions.

1. What is Miss Jones' educational background? 2. What firm is she working for at present? 3. What does she do? 4. Why does she want to change her job?

B. Speak about Miss Jones' career.

C. Roleplay the conversation between Miss Jones and the interviewer.

D. Interview your teacher or a person whom your teacher invites to
class. Use the outline given below.

I. Professional life

A. Present teaching duties

B. Academic duties and activities outside of teaching


C. Past teaching experience

D. Educational background
II. Personal life

A. Basic biographical information (eg. place of birth, family
background, places of residence)

B. Spare-time activities and interests
Travel experiences

That Must Be an Exciting Job

Peter: So you're a journalist. That must be an exciting job.

Helen: It is, at times. It's certainly better than being a teacher!

Peter: Oh, really?

Helen: Yeah. I used to be a teacher, but I hated it! The worst thing

about teaching is correcting homework. That's why I quit.

Peter: I guess you travel a lot now and meet lots of interesting people.

Helen: Yes, that's one of the best things about my job.

Peter: Sounds great. I wish I had ajob like that.

Helen: Where do you work?

Peter: In an office. It's kind of boring. I'm stuck inside all day, and I

have to work long hours.

Helen: Oh? What do you do?

Peter: I'm a vice president.

A. Questions.

1. What is Helen's job? 2. Does she like her job? 3. What did she use to do some time ago? 4. What didn't she like about teaching? 5. What does Peter do? 6. What does he say about his job?

B. Roleplay the conversation.

1. Which do you think is more interesting, being a teacher or being a journalist? Why? 2. Have you or has a family member ever quit a job? Why? 3. Would you like to exchange jobs with your boss? Why or why not? 4. What are five well-paid jobs in your country?


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