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UNIVERSITIES AND OTHER EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS



КОНТРОЛЬНА РОБОТА № 1

з дисципліни «Наукове спілкування іноземною мовою»

(для студентів 6 курсу ІЗДН; напрям підготовки – 6. 030301 «Журналістика»)

Варіант 1.

 

HIGHER EDUCATION

 

The basic vocabulary that you need to know when you take Test #1.

 

1. higher education вища освіта
2. education (learning) institution навчальний заклад
3. lecture theatre амфітеатр
4. hall of residence/hostel, dormitory(Am) гуртожиток
5. student body контингент студентів
6. graduate n випускник
7. undergraduate n студент 2, 3 курсів
8. dean n декан
9. rector (president) n ректор (ректор університету)
10. associate professor (reader) доцент
docent (Am)
11. lecturer (tutor, instructor) n викладач, асистент
12. scholarship (grant, stipend) n стипендія
13. degree n ступінь (вчений)
14. bachelor's master's doctor's   degree   ступінь бакалавра магістра доктора
15. enroll v приймати, зараховувати (до вишу)
16. designate v визначати, позначати
17. endeavour v намагатися, докладати зусиль
18. command n володіння (знаннями)
19. master v оволодівати, опановувати
20. post graduate student аспірант
21. aspirant n здобувач
22. academic council вчена рада
23. department (chair) n кафедра
24. post graduate courses master's courses аспірантура магістратура
25. session of the University Academic Council. засідання вченої ради університету
26. body of knowledge галузь знань
27. main directions of the University activities основні напрямки діяльності університету
28. two-tier system двоступенева система
       

 

 
 

 


29.

the University

integrates   is engaged in research   is a research centre   is engaged in research into problems of…   coordinates … work   trains scientific personnel   holds conferences   maintains permanent contacts with…   shares experience with…     университет об’єднує   веде наукові дослідження   є науковим центром   займається дослідження питань   координує свою роботу   готує наукові кадри   проводить конференції   підтримує постійні контакти з…   обмінюється досвідом з…

Tasks



Task 1. Read the text for full comprehension.

 

UNIVERSITIES AND OTHER EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS

The term higher education refers to learning institutions that students can attend after they have finished secondary school. The university is the best-known kind of higher education institution. Other kinds bear such titles as college, institute, academy, polytechnic, or higher school. However, these other titles can be confusing, since they have other meanings in some countries. For example, in most countries the word college means a higher learning institution, while in nations with a British or Spanish, college (colegio in Spanish) may mean a private secondary school. The usual universities differ from other kinds of higher education institutions in the wider range of subject matters universities offer. A typical university provides opportunities for students to specialize in fields of science (physics, chemistry, biology, astronomy), social science (anthropology, psychology, sociology, economics), the humanities (history, philosophy, literature, languages), the creative arts (painting, music, dance, drama), and more. In addition, universities prepare students to enter particular occupations – to become architects, engineers, doctors, teachers, lawyers, agricultural experts, accountants, business administrators, and the like.

In contrast to universities, other popular kinds of higher learning organizations (institutes, colleges, academies) usually focus on one or two special fields of learning. Thus an institute of technology specializes in science and engineering, and a college of agriculture teaches scientific methods of farming, fishing, and animal care. A teachers' college prepares classroom instructors, school administrators, school counselors, and specialists who help pupils with learning difficulties. An art academy offers studies in drawing, painting, sculpture, photography, print making, textile design, and other visual arts. A music academy teaches students the history of music, how to sing and play instruments, and how to compose music. A military academy prepares army, navy, or air officers. Government departments often sponsor an academy for training experts in the field of work the departments perform.



An important goal for most students who enter higher education is to earn a degree: that is, to receive a diploma or certificate indicating command of particular skills and knowledge. The most common pattern of degrees consists of three ranks that are usually designated the bachelor, master, and doctoral levels.

To earn a bachelor's degree, students on the initial undergraduate level are required to engage in full-time study for three or more years, depending on the academic tradition of the country in which the university is located. In Great Britain and India, the length of the course is usually three years; and in the United States, four years.

A master's degree is earned by one or two further years of study after the bachelor's degree. The doctor's degree requires an additional two to five years.

All three of these degrees are said to be earned, because people receiving them have mastered a specified body of knowledge.

 


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