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Here are some more examples of one symbol giving rise to several more

al national (adjective)  
ally Nationally  
ze to nationalize  
tn nationalisation  
o national (noun), citizen  
return, come back, reverse, regress   rise, increase, grow, climb etc.
. fall, decline, slide, slip, drop, shrink,
exchange, relations,
lead to, consequence of, therefore
whatever you like!


annoyed, unhappy, unimpressed, etc.
very unhappy, disgusted, etc
to think
to know, (for me, the straight line denotes certainty, in comparison to the squiggly line for “to think”.)

The circle can also be used to denote a person who is associated with that symbol's meaning. This can be done by adding a raised circle to another symbol.



al national (adjective)   O citizen
econ Economy   econ O economist
E Energy   E O energy expert, supplier,
p Policy   p O politician
that, which   O who

Here are some important ideas, read and translate them


1.A clear system for notation which includes fixed rules for abbreviation and a core of unambiguous symbols can help save time, which can then be used for other operations.

2.Verbs and expressions of time are significant in reproducing what was said.

3.According different weights to and structuring the layout of elements within the notes serve to intensify the operation 'comprehension' and facililitate the reproduction of the [source] text.

4.The segmentation and arrangement of the notes on the page can facilitate assignation [of meaning] and have a positive effect on oral reproduction.

5.Noting link words is an important part of ensuring cohesion.

6.The time lag [between hearing and writing] is dependent on and can be allowed to vary according to how quickly something has been understood.

7.Everyone has to discover their own [ideal] time lag

8.A continued time lag of more than 7 seconds causes gaps to appear in the comprehension or notation [of the original].

9.Discontinued noting [noting elements in a different order to the order they are presented by the speaker - or in practice, going back and adding something to your notes from a previous section] can be helpful in structuring and completing the information [noted].

10.Rhetorical components are more easily reproduced if they have been noted down.

11.Gaps in the comprehension or notation processes among students reappear in the production phase.

These observations show clearly, how important and helpful it is for students to deal in some detail with note-taking and how important a component skill [Teiloperation] an in-grained, reliable and efficient system for taking notes is. [It is] a skill which aids and intensifies the comprehension process and thus has a decisive influence on the target langauage output. (Andres p250, Translation into English ITR) Занятие СРС 67-69

Writing an autobiography


My name is Dianne Ramos. I'm 17 years old. I was born on a warm, sunny dayin February. I live at De Castro Subd., Pasig City, Metro Manila. I go to schoolat STI College. I live with my mom, Divina; and my dad, Diego. I have twobrothers, namely, Gerry & Robert. My brothers have their own family now that's whyI'm the only one left to live with my parents.I started school when I was five-years-old. I went to kindergarten throughsixth grade at De Castro Elementary School. Then I attended Cainta CatholicCollege after I graduated in elementary. I am now a 2nd year college student atSTI College & currently aiming to graduate my bachelors degree in IT in the nearfuture.My favorite sports are badminton, volleyball, basketball & tennis. When Idon't have anything to do, I love to surf the net, open my mail, friendster thenwatch anime series in crunchyroll.com. I play a lot of computer games with myfriends & cousins. I can play some musical instruments like guitar, piano, flute,& lyre. When it comes to anime, I'm so into it. I love watching anime series likeKyou Kara Maou, Ouran Academy, Prince of Tennis, Tsubasa, Basilisk, SaiunkokuMonogatari, Melancholy of Haruhi Surumiya, Fate Stay Night, Mushishi, MutekiKanban, Code Geass, Naruto, Bleach, 12 kingdoms, etc.. My favorite colors are red,blue & black. My friends sees me as a kind sweet childish friendly person.Life to me means friends and family who you can trust and who trusts you. Iam pretty much on the happy side of life, but like all teens I do I have my "daysof." That means I do have some sad days or depressed days. I have a few friendshere that sort of look out for me and when I am having a bad day, I have someonehere at school to talk to. I make my school days go by thinking of either the nexthour or what I will do when I get home or on the weekend. I'm not seeing anyonenow, really! heheThe year 2010 will be the time I will graduate from College. I think I willprobably be still living here at Pasig City with my parents.As I said in the beginning, I was born here in Pasig City and I've livedhere my whole life. I would like to see more of the Philippines but unfortunately,I don't have any money to leave Pasig City to go anywhere right now. I hope youhave enjoyed watching my life story as much as I have enjoyed making it for you.Here's a tip for you to live or try to live by: Hardwork will give you power;being lazy will make you a slave.

Занятие СРС 70-71

Student Example CV

This student example CV will assist you in laying out your own CV. Please note that you may need to modify the layout of this example student CV when you write your own CV, so that it fits your own circumstances. For example, the work experience section may need to be placed before the education section, if your work experience is far more relevant than the education section for any jobs you are applying for. A separate achievements section might also be a good idea, if you have lots of relevant educational, vocational or work related achievements. When you are thinking about how to write a CV that wins you the interviews you want, you need to consider every aspect of your CV, especially the layout and the actual information that you must include. CV writing also requires careful identification and analysis of your skills, experience and results.

Christopher Jones
24 Mansfield Drive, Cheadle,
Cheshire, SK8 3RJ.
Tel: (07700) 900 999



A Mathematics student who is keen to find a position as a Trainee Accountant. Reliable, trustworthy, numerate and meticulous. Worked for a firm of chartered accountants last Summer and gained a good understanding of what is required of an accountant. Able to work on own initiative or as part of a team and can deal with administrative duties competently.


2012 - 2015 BSc (Hons) 2.1 (expected) in Mathematics at the University of Warwick. Subjects studied:Business Studies, Computer Studies, Calculus, Geometry & Topology and Catastrophe Theory.


2005 - 2012 Cheadle High School. 3 A Levels:Mathematics [A], Economics [A], Chemistry [A]. 6 GCSEs:Mathematics [A*], English Language [A*], Chemistry [A*], Economics [A*], Physics [A], Geography [A].


2013 - 2014 JOHNSON & STEVENS


  Administrative Assistant


  A vacation job working for a large firm of accountants. Responsibilities and achievements:


  • Assisted the Senior Partner who was conducting audits on major companies in the area.
  • Handled incoming telephone calls to the Senior Partner from other companies and members of the public.
  • Organised and maintained the Senior Partner's filing system.
  • Typed reports on an IBM Compatible PC using the WordPerfect word-processor.
  • Devised a new filing system to maintain the files held by the department.
  • Solved users PC problems including sorting out spreadsheets, explaining how to use complex features in word-processing packages.







  A vacation job at a community centre for the elderly. Responsibilities and achievements:


  • Organised a local advertising drive that increased the number of elderly people coming to the centre by 20%.
  • Organised games for people attending in the afternoons.
  • Escorted some of the elderly people to and from the centre.


  Microsoft Windows 7 / 8, Microsoft Office 2010 / 2013 (Word, Excel, PowerPoint, Access), programming (ASP, HTML, JavaScript).


  Driving Licence: Full, clean.


  Interests at the University of Warwick included organising a charity quiz for RAG, which raised £5000. Badminton, cinema and theatre.


  Professor William Jackson, Department of Mathematics, The University of Warwick, Coventry, CV4 7AL. Mr Jack Lord, HR Manager, Johnson & Stevens, 124 High Street, Cheadle, Cheshire, SK8 3LD.

Занятие 72-73


Information transfer

1 For questions 1- 14 complete the human family tree diagram. Two boxes on the diagram are extra and you do not need to fill them up. The beginning has been done for you.


The most recent ancestor of all males living today was a man who lived in Africa. The new research confirms the Out of Africa theory that modern humans originated in Africa before slowly spreading across the world. The finding raises new questions because our most recent "modern" paternal ancestor would have been about 84,000 years younger than our maternal one. This means that "modern" Homo Sapiens human genetic blueprint evolved and spread throughout female and male population at different times. Based on the studies, our most recent common ancestor is thought to be a "modern" woman who lived in Africa some 143,000 years ago. One can trace every female line back to a single female ancestor who lived in Africa about 150,000 years ago. Her genetic influence was very big as the gene code is passed down the generation on the maternal line. Scientists hypothesise that as a result of gene mutation, a non-African race appeared and further fell down into European, Georgian and Asian groups. At one point, some 40,00 years ago there occurred what is called the "bottleneck" of the population when the number of humans on Earth dwindled to only 40,000 people, as many as some modern stadiums can sit. Following this demographic cataclysm, the study gives an intriguing insight into the journey of our ancestors across the planet, from eastern Africa into the Middle East, then to South East and Southern Asia, then New Guinea and Australia, and finally to Europe and Central Asia.


2 Modern Female, 143,000 years ago


Занятие СРС 74-75

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