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Actions and strategies that can be developed to solve the problems of overpopulation



There is controversy over whether population growth is good or bad. Overpopulation and continuing population growth are making substantial contributions to the destruction of Earth's life support systems. In the past, human populations have rarely been subject to explosion. The powerful longterm momentum that is built into the human age structure means that the effects of fertility changes become apparent only in the future. For these reasons, it is now conven-tional practice to use the technology of population projection as a means of better understanding the implications of trends.

Population projections represent the playing out into the future of a set of assumptions about future fertility and mortality rates. More public education is needed to develop more awareness about population issues. Facts like the size or the growth rate of the human population should be in the head of every citizen. Schools should inform students about population issues in order for them to make projections about the future generations.

Action plans and strategies can be developed to increase public understanding of how rapid population growth limits chances for meeting basic needs. The spirit of open communication and empowerment of individual women and men will be key to a successful solution to many population problems. Collective vision about health care, family planning and women's education at the community level build a basis for action. The creation of action plans help to meet challenges to find cooperative solutions. Free and equal access to health care, family planning and education are desirable in their own right and will also help reduce unwanted fertility.

Individual choice, human rights and collective responsibility are key to allowing families to plan the size and spacing of their children. It is essential to achieve a balance between population and the available resources. Teachers, parents, community workers and other stakeholders should extend the range of choices about available resources to individuals, especially women, and by equalizing opportunities between the genders from birth onwards.



Teachers, parents, other educators, politicians and other concerned citizens can practice how to make good decisions in everyday life. Decisions about family size and resource will affect the future generations. Through community forums, specific issues about the population growth can be discussed and possible action plans can be developed.

Teachers, as well as students can use the information super highway to gain knowledge about other countries' population and resources. Teachers can help students with problems and decision making on a daily basis. The investigation of world population will raise the level of awareness, so that we can learn to handle problems based on data. This data can help us to analyze our situations in a practical way.

Teachers, students, parents and other stakeholders can look for trends in the population explosion. They can hold community meetings at school to discuss how this issue presents a challenge to the big picture of human population on the planet "Earth".

 

Занятие СРС 30-32

1Translate the following into Russian:

1. Every thirty seconds in America another person is arrested for a drug offence. If the police seemed puzzled at how little progress they have been making, there’s now a chilling reason why.



2. New figures show there are 2.2 million hard core cocaine addicts in this country, and one in every hundred Americans uses cocaine at least once a week.

3. In large cities some seventy per cent of prisoners are being held on drug- related charges.

4. In New York thirty eight thousand babies are in foster care, many the children of crack- addicted mothers.

5. Mexican Drug Arrests. MEXICO CITY (REUTERS)

Mexico has arrested two top generals on charges of links with drug trafficking, Televisa news reported Thursday.

They were detained following a two- year long investigation. The two are being held in a military prison pending trial. One of them is also charged with bribery.

Despite the fact the Mexican Constitution prohibits troops from anything other than national defense; the army and navy have been at the forefront of the battle against drug smugglers for at least a decade.

6. Kennedy son dies

David Kennedy, aged 28, the fourth son of the late Robert Kennedy, was yesterday found dead in a hotel room in Palm Beach, Florida, where he has been visiting his ailing grandmother, Mrs. Rose Kennedy.

The latest tragedy to strike the Kennedy family came to its most vulnerable member. In a recent biography, David Kennedy, who had a long history of drug problems, was described as the most self-destructive child of the two assassinated Kennedy brothers.

The death was announced in a statement from the offices of Senator Edward Kennedy on Capitol Hill.

The West Palm Beach police chief offered no immediate comment on whether the death was drug related.

7. Boston homicide rate up 36% by Sean Muyphy, Globe Staff

At least one-third of the 102 killings recorded in Boston to date in 1988 were drug-related, helping to push the homicide rate to its second highest level in 13 years, according to Boston Police Department data.

“The drug dealers are killing each other,”said Boston police Superintedent Joseph V.Saia, Jr., the department’s chief of detectives.

The 1988 homicide rate is about 36percent higher than last year’s rate, when 75 killings were committed, the smalest number in the 1980s, police data said. More than 60 percent of this year’s victims were black males, according to police data.

By the end of November, Boston police had made 6,700 drug-related arrests, compared to 5,200 for the same period in 1987 and 4,500 in 1986, police data said.

…More than 100 pounds of cocaine has been seized this year, a 25 percent increase over last year, Saia said.

“That amount of cocaine seized represents millions and millions of dollars”, he said.


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