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Forces of Nature Vocabulary Quiz. Match the vocabulary words on the left with the definitions on the right

1. lightning natural electricity produced in thunderstorm clouds and appearing as a bright flash or streak of light in the sky.
2. precipitation pellets of frozen rain or a storm of such pellets.
3. tide a frozen form of precipitation that falls as ice crystals formed into flakes.
4. erosion the force by which a planet or other such body tends to draw objects toward its center.
5. snow a brief electrical storm usu. accompanied by heavy rain and high winds.
6. tornado water vapor in the atmosphere that condenses and falls from the sky to earth.
7. hail the process by which material from the earth's surface is worn away by forces such as glaciers, wind, and waves.
8. hurricane the state of the atmosphere at a particular place and time as characterized by sunshine, moisture, temperature, precipitation, and other variables.
9. pressure snow, rain, or the like, or the amount of such matter to fall on a given area in a given amount of time.
10. thunderstorm a very destructive but short-lived windstorm in the form of a funnel-shaped cloud that moves close to the ground destroying whatever is in its path.
11. gravity the applying of constant force upon a surface.
12. rain a powerful cyclonic storm that originates in the West Indian region of the Atlantic Ocean and that has heavy rains and winds exceeding seventy-three miles, or 119 kilometers, per hour.
13. weather the periodic change, occurring about every twelve hours, in the height of the surface of oceans and bodies of water near or feeding into them, caused by the gravitational pull of the moon and sun.

2 Finish the sentences:

  • If I saw somebody throwing an empty packet on the street, I would ...
  • If I were minister for the Environment, I would ...
  • If I had to do without perfume/deodorant, I would ...
  • If I were a fish, I would ...
  • If I were a fisherman, I would ...
  • If I could not eat tinned tuna fish, I would ...
  • If I lived on an island, I would ...
  • If a nuclear bomb exploded, I would ...
  • If they tried to build a nuclear power station near my house, I would ...
  • If I lived in a jungle, I would ...
  • If I were an endangered species, I would ...
  • If I had to light my fire with either coal or wood, I would ...
  • If I had to travel to work by car or by public transport, I would ...
  • If I wanted to dump a box of rubbish, but I could not find a bin, I would ..
  • If the local council were planning to build a dump near my house, I would ..

Module 1: Person, culture, education and science. Практическое занятие 9-10, лабораторное занятие 5.

Educational system.

Практическое занятие 9-10.

1 Vocabulary. Give the diffenitions to all of the following word combinatios:

education system scientific subjects

compulsory education an intending teacher

primary school optional

secondary school core component (core)

comprehensive school school (teaching) practice

public school School-based experience

further education Subject studies

polytechnic Education studies

college of higher education (Theory of) Education

to specialize in main subject

teacher training age-range

degree junior students

undergraduate senior students

graduate play production

post-graduate educational aids

full-time student audio-visual facilities

part-time student visual aids

reader to observe a lesson

lecturer supervisor (tutor)

practical classes to hold examinations

final examinations (finals)

tutorial changing room

residential college students' society

non-residential college Students' Council (Union)

hall of residence С. а B.A., B.Ed., B.Sc, B.S.E.,

to live in hall B.S.M. degree (Bachelor of

principal building (the Arts, Education, Science,

Senate) Engineering, Medicine etc.)

teaching staff M.A., M.Ed (Master of

Physical Education (P.E.) Arts, Education, etc.)

gymnasium (gym) PhD. (Doctor of Philosophy)

2 Read and prepare the translation of these texts in typed form (make it on A4 paper):


Libraries full of books have been written on the education system in Britain, but recently it has been changing considerably. Compulsory education begins at 5, and children attend primary school until they are 11. Normally the primary school is divided into Infants (5—7) and Juniors (7—11). At the age of 11 most children go to a comprehensive school where they stay until they are 16. In the past children went to different types of secondary schools, but in most parts of the country everybody now goes to a comprehensive. Some parents, who do not want their children to go to a comprehensive pay to send them to a private school. The most expensive and prestigious private schools are actually called public schools. At the age of 16 people take their examinations. Most take General Certificate of Education (G.С.E.). Ordinary Levels — normally called just 'O' Levels. People take 'O' Levels in as many subjects as they want to; some take one or two, others take as many as nine or ten. If you get good 'O' Level results, you can stay on at school until you are 18, in the Sixth Form. Here you prepare for Advanced Level Exams ('A' Levels). Again, you take as many of these as you want to, but most people take two or three. In case you pass your exams well you have a chance of going on to university though this is not automatic. The number of people who study there is strictly controlled. Other types of further education are offered at polytechnics and colleges of higher education. Polytechnics offer the chance to study subjects in a more practical way, and many colleges of higher education specialize in teacher training.

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