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My friend's study at the University



1. Look up the words in a dictionary, find their pronunciation and read them aloud.

wisely designed classes
should to be familiarized with
though characteristics
practical lessons equipment
laboratory work  

2. Read the following words and word combinations and learn them by heart.

to face сталкиваться
to do oversleep просыпать
to wander round бродить
to set off to the university отправиться в университет
to be trained обучать, подготавливать
to draw logical conclusions делать логические выводы
to record observations accurately точно записывать наблюдения
to present scientific reports представлять научные доклады
to be familiarized with ознакомляться с чем-л.
the characteristics of engineering materials характеристики технических материалов
equipment оборудование
to have a snack перекусить
to make smb do smth заставлять кого-л. делать что-л.
to put off откладывать
to sit up late засиживаться допоздна
to look through просматривать

3. Read the following words and word combinations and translate them into Russian.

wisely fighting the urge
should to keep smb busy
though daily routine
to do oversleep to be tempted
to have a quick shower designed classes
to eat a full breakfast  

4. Make up your own sentences using words and phrases from tasks 1, 2, 3.

5. Read and translate the text using a dictionary.

***

As we study at the same University and at the same faculty, Vladimir faces the same problems and has the same daily routine as I have. He can organize his time wisely and he knows in what order he should do things though sometimes he spends sleepless nights at disco clubs. He doesn't find hard to get up on time. In spite of the fact he doesn't get enough sleep he is sure not to do oversleep.



In the morning he is refreshed and full of energy. While I am wandering round the kitchen, fighting the urge to go back to bed, he manages to have a quick shower, eat a full breakfast and set off for the university.

As you understand his study keeps him busy all the day long. At 9 classes begin. We have lectures, practical lessons, laboratory works and designed classes, where we are trained to draw logical conclusions, to record observations accurately and to present scientific reports. We are familiarized with the characteristics of engineering materials, equipment and machines. We study different branches of engineering. Of course subjects we study at the University differ from those we learnt at school. He says that he didn't suppose it would be a problem for him to do his study.

At lunch time I meet up with Vladimir to have a snack and to talk about different things. After classes he makes himself go to the reading hall reading for seminars.

He comes home tired. He knows that keeping up late ruins his health but he is always tempted the idea of putting his homework off and as a rule he sits up late.

He is a sporty person and keeps fit by doing physical exercises. From time to time he works out in the gym. Sometimes he goes out to a party or to a disco but usually he ends up with his study.

He has a supper on a tray looking through summaries and watching TV for a while.



Almost exhausted he goes to bed hoping that tomorrow he will have less work to do and he will be able to go out to entertain.

6. Find in the text English equivalents to the following words and phrases:

сталкиваться, просыпать, бродить, отправиться в университет, обучать, подготавливать, делать логические выводы, точно записывать наблюдения, представлять научные доклады, ознакомляться с чем-л., характеристики технических материалов, оборудование, отрасли промышленности, перекусить, умудриться, заставлять кого-л. делать что-л., откладывать, засиживаться допоздна, разумно спланировать время, проводить, наверняка, бороться с желанием, обсудить разные вещи, наносить ущерб здоровью, просматривать конспекты.

 

7. Replace the words in brackets with the corresponding English words and phrases.

1. As we study at the same University and at the same faculty, Vladimir (сталкивается с такими же проблемами) and has the same (у него такой же режим дня).

2. He (может) organize his time wisely and (знает) in what order he should do things (хотя) sometimes he (проводит бессонные ночи) at disco clubs.

3. (Для него не трудно) to get up on time.

4. In spite of the fact he doesn't get enough sleep he is sure (не проспит).

5. (Утром) he is refreshed and full of energy.

6. While I am wandering round the kitchen, (борясь с желанием) to go back to bed, he (ухитряется) to have a quick shower, eat a full breakfast and (отправится в) the university.

7. We have lectures (практические занятия и лабораторные занятия) where we are trained (делать логические выводы, четко записывать наблюдения) and to present scientific reports.

8. We (ознакомляемся с) the characteristics of engineering materials, equipment and machines.

9. We study (различные) branches of engineering.

10. Of course subjects we study at the University (отличаются от тех, которые) we learnt at school.

11. At lunch time I meet up with Vladimir (чтобы перекусить) and to talk about different things.

12. After classes he (заставляет себя идти) to the reading hall reading for seminars.

13. He knows that keeping up late (наносит ущерб его здоровью) but (его привлекает идея) of putting his homework off and as a rule he sits up late.

14. Sometimes he (ходит на вечеринки или на дискотеку) but usually he ends up with his study.

15. He has a supper on a tray (просматривая конспекты) and watching TV for a while.

16. Almost (обессиленный) he goes to bed hoping that tomorrow he will have less work to do and he (сможет) to go out to entertain.

8. Complete the following sentences using the information from the text.

1. He can organize… and he knows in what order he should… he spends…

2. In spite of the fact he doesn't get enough sleep he is sure…

3. In the morning he is refreshed and… while I am wandering round the kitchen, he manages…, eat a full breakfast and…

4. As you understand his study…

5. We have lectures…, where we… to draw logical conclusions to record observations accurately and to present scientific reports.

6. We are familiarized with…

7. At lunch time I meet up with Vladimir to…

8. After classes he makes himself go to…

9. He knows that keeping up late ruins his health but he is always…

10. He is a… and keeps himself fit.

11. Sometimes he goes out to a party or to a disco but usually he ends…

12. Almost exhausted he goes to bed hoping that tomorrow he will have… and he will be able to…

9. Read the following statements and express your agreement or disagreement. When you disagree give the correct information.

To express your agreement use such expressions as:

I think, that exactly so; How right you are; Speaking frankly, you are quite right; Exactly, just so; I quite agree with you; I fully agree with you; I can't agree more; That is my opinion too; That is very true; etc.

To express your disagreement use such expressions as:

I am afraid you are wrong/ mistaken/ not quite right; Nothing of the kind; It is unlikely; It is doubtful; I don't think you are right; Well I think that's not so; Are you sure?; That's your opinion, not mine; I don't believe that; etc.

To give the correct information and to express your opinion use such expressions as:

I think/ suppose/ believe/ consider/ feel/ guess; In my opinion; From my point of view; Frankly speaking; As far as I understand; The matter/ the problem/ trouble is that; etc.

 

1. We study at the same University and at the same faculty, but Vladimir faces different problems and has other daily routine as me.

2. He can't organize his time wisely and he doesn't know in what order he should do things.

3. In the morning I am refreshed and full of energy while he is wandering round the kitchen, fighting the urge to go back to bed, he manages to have a quick shower, eat a full breakfast and set off for the university.

4. His study keeps him busy all the day long.

5. We have lectures, practical lessons, laboratory works and designed classes, where we are trained to draw logical conclusions, to record observations accurately and to present scientific reports.

6. We are never familiarized with the characteristics of engineering materials, equipment and machines.

7. We don't study different branches of engineering.

8. Of course subjects we study at the University don't differ from those we learnt at school.

9. At lunch time I meet up with Vladimir to have a snack and to talk about different things.

10. After classes he goes to the reading hall reading for seminars.

11. He comes home refreshed and full of energy.

12. He knows that keeping up late ruins his health that is why he is never tempted the idea of putting his homework off and as a rule he sits up late.

13. Usually he goes out to a party or to a disco and sometimes he ends up with his study.

14. Refreshed and full of energy he goes to bed hoping that tomorrow he will have more work to do and he will be able to go out to entertain.

10. Answer the questions using information from the text and compare them with the given answers. Work in pairs.

1. How can he organize his time? He can organize his time wisely.
2. Is he good at planning his working day? Yes, he is good at it. He knows in what order he should do things though sometimes he spends sleepless night at disco clubs.
3. How does he look in the morning? In the morning he is refreshed and full of energy.
4. What does he manage to do before leaving for the University? He manages to have a quick shower, eat a full breakfast and set off to the University.
5. What keeps him busy all long? As you understand his study keeps him busy all day long.
6. When do his classes begin? At 9 classes begin.
7. What classes do you have? We have lectures, practical lessons, laboratory works and designed classes.
8. What are you trained at the University in? We are trained to draw logical conclusions, to record observations accurately and to present scientific reports.
9. What are you familiarized with? We are familiarized with the characteristics of engineering materials, equipment and machines.
10. Whom does Vladimir meet up at lunch time with? At lunch time Vladimir meets up with his friend Sergey to have a snack and to talk about different things.
11. What does he do after classes? After classes he makes himself go to the reading hall reading for seminars.
12. Why does he sit up late? Because he is always tempted the idea of putting his homework off and as a rule he sits up late.
13. How does he keep fit? He is a sporty person and to keep himself fit from time to time he works out in the gym.
14. What does he usually do in the evenings? Usually he ends up with his study. He has a supper on a tray looking through summaries and watching TV for a while.

11. Translate the sentences from Russian into English and compare them with the given answers. Work in pairs.

1. Мы учимся в одном и том же университете и на одном факультете. We study at the same University and at the same faculty.
2. Владимир стакивается с такими же проблемами. Vladimir faces the same problems.
3. Он знает в какой последовательности ему следует делать вещи, хотя он иногда проводит бессонные ночи на ночных дискотеках в клубах. He knows in what order he should do things though sometimes he spends sleepless night at disco clubs.
4. Для него не трудно вовремя встать рано утром. He doesn't find hard to get up on time.
5. Он всегда свеж и полон энергии. He is always refreshed and full of energy.
6. Я борюсь с желанием вернуться в кровать. I fight the urge to go back to bed.
7. Он не быстро принимает душ, не ест полный завтрак и не идет в университет. He doesn't have a quick shower, doesn't eat a full breakfast and doesn't set off to the university.
8. Он учится целый день. His study keeps him busy all the day long.
9. У нас есть практические занятия, лабораторные работы и чертежные занятия. We have lectures, practical lessons, laboratory works and designed classes.
10. Меня учат делать логические выводы, четко записывать наблюдения и представлять научные доклады. I am trained to draw logical conclusions, to record observations accurately and to present scientific reports.
11. Ее ознакомляют с характеристиками технических материалов, оборудованием и механизмами. She is familiarized with the characteristics of engineering materials, equipment and machines.
12. Мы не изучаем различные отрасли промышленности. We don't study different branches of engineering.
13. Предметы, которые мы изучаем в университете, отличаются от тех, что мы изучали в школе. Subjects we study at the University differ from those we learnt at school.
14. Он перекусывает и обсуждает разные вещи. He has a snack and talks about different things.
15. Он приходит домой уставший. He comes home tired.
16. Иногда он ходит на вечеринки или дискотеку. Sometimes he goes out to a party or to a disco.
17. Он просматривает конспекты и немного смотрит телевизор. He looks through summaries and watches TV for a while.

12. Translate interrogative sentences from Russian into English. Mind the proper usage of auxiliary verbs and word order. Compare them with the given answers. Work in pair.

1. В какое время он завтракает? What time does he have breakfast?
2. Куда он спешит после занятий? Where does he hurry after lessons?
3. Что заставляет его поддерживать форму? What makes him keep fit?
4. Чем он занимается на практических занятиях? What does he do at practical lessons?
5. Чему его учат в университете? What is he trained at the University?
6. Где ты представляешь научныедоклады? Where do you present scientific reports?
7. Куда он ходит перекусить? Where does he go to have a snack?
8. Где ты проводишь вечера? Where do you spend evenings?
9. Почему он проводит много времени в читальном зале? Why does he spend a lot of time in the reading hall?
10. Сколько раз в неделю у вас практические занятия по математике? How many times a week do you have practical lessons in mathematics?
11. Почему она не готовится к семинарам? Why doesn't she prepare for seminars?
12. С какими проблемами они сталкиваются? What problems do they face?

13. Look through the text again and make a list of key words

– to speak about your friend's study;

– to speak about what he does after study.

14. Ask your friend about his/ her study.

15. Speak about your friend's studying at the University, using as many words and word combinations from the text as possible. Use questions in exercise 2 as a plan.

 

Unit 5

My day off

1. Scan the words and word combinations below. Try to remember them.

to work six days a week работать шесть дней в неделю
to envy завидовать
to guess полагать, считать
to have time for leisure иметь свободное время
to be busy as a bee быть очень занятым
to idlе away the time растрачивать своё время
to prefer предпочитать
to mind возражать, быть против
to extend one's knowledge расширять свои знания
to be sorry for smb жалеть кого-л.
to go roller-blading кататься на роликах
to think of smth думать о чем-л.
to be over заканчиваться
solution решение

 

2. Make up your own sentences using words and phrases from task 1.

3. Read and translate the text using a dictionary.

***

As you know students work six days a week, but most people in our country work five days. I always envy them. So, you may guess, as I am a first year student I have the only day off – Sunday. On Sunday I don't have to hurry up anywhere. I am not an early riser and it is rare Sunday when I get up before 9 o'clock.

When I have time for leisure, I need something that can interest and amuse me. As I am busy as a bee during my week-days, the only thing I want is to have a good rest. Of course, it doesn't mean that I stay in bed idling away the time or watch TV all day long. I prefer to go out and fortunately, there are a lot of clubs and cinemas in our city, where I can spend time with my friends. As I am fond of sport I go to a gym to keep fit. I don't mind watching TV because, I think, television helps us to "visit" different lands, see fish and insects, lakes, rivers, seas. We are shown different countries, cities and people who live there. Radio and television extend our knowledge about the world. But it doesn't mean that I watch TV-programs from morning till night, I am sure, it is rather boring and I am always sorry for those TV-addicts. It is much more interesting to go roller-blading or to skate and to ski. I help my mother about the house with washing up. I do my flat and sometimes help mother cook.

So, on this day I try not to think of my study.

My day off is over and when I go to bed, I am thinking, that the day has flashed past and the next week will bring new problems and their solutions.

 

4. Find in the text Russian equivalents to the following words and phrases:

to envy, to guess, day off, to have to, to have time for leisure, to interest, to amuse, to be busy as a bee, the only thing I want, to stay in bed idling away the time, to prefer, fortunately, to be fond of, to keep fit, insects, to extend our knowledge, TV-addicts, solution.

 

5. Find in the text English equivalents to the following words and phrases:

работать шесть дней в неделю, завидовать, полагать, считать, иметь свободное время, быть очень занятым, растрачивать своё время, предпочитать, возражать, быть против, жалеть кого-л., кататься на роликах, думать о чем-л., заканчиваться, решение, торопиться, увлекаться чем-л., к счастью, свободное время, мыть посуду, убирать квартиру.

6. Replace the words in brackets with the corresponding English words and phrases.

1. As you know students (работают) six days a week, but most people in our country work (пять дней в неделю).

2. I always (завидую) them.

3. On Sunday I (не приходится) to hurry up anywhere.

4. When I have (свободное время), I need something that can (заинтересовать) and (привлечь мое внимание).

5. As I (очень занят) during my week-days, the only thing I want is to have a good rest.

6. Of course, it (не означает) that I stay in bed (растрачивая своё время) or watch TV (весь день).

7. I (предпочитаю) to go out and fortunately, there are a lot of clubs and cinemas in our city, where I (провести время) time with my friends.

8. (Я не против того, чтобы смотреть телевизор) I think, television helps us to "visit" different lands, see fish and insects, lakes, rivers, seas.

9. But it doesn't mean that I watch TV-programs (с утра до ночи), I am sure, it is (довольно скучно) and I am always sorry for those (заядлых любителей смотреть телевизор).

10. It is (гораздо интересней) to go roller-blading or to skate and ski.

11. I help my mother about the house (мыть посуду).

12. I (убираю квартиру) and sometimes help mother (готовить).

13. My day off (заканчивается) and when I go to bed, I am thinking, that the day (пронесся) past and the next week will bring new (проблемы и их решения).

7. Complete the following sentences using the information from the text.

1. As you know students work…, but most people in our country work…

2. I have… off.

3. On Sunday I… to hurry up anywhere.

4. I am not an early riser and it is rare Sunday when…

5. When I have time for leisure, I need something that can…

6. As I am busy…, the only thing I want is…

7. Of course, it doesn't mean that I stay in…

8. As I am fond of sport I go to a gym…

9. I don't mind… because, I think, television helps us…

10. …different countries, cities and people who live there.

11. Radio and television…

12. But it…, I am sure, it is rather boring and I am always…

13. It is much more interesting to go…

14. I help my mother about the house…

15. So, on this day I try not…

16. I just…

17. My day off… and when I go to bed, I am thinking, that the day… and the next week will bring new…

8. Read the following statements and express your agreement or disagreement. If you disagree give the correct information.

To express your agreement use such expressions as:

I think, that exactly so; How right you are; Speaking frankly, you are quite right; Exactly, just so; I quite agree with you; I fully agree with you; I can't agree more; That is my opinion too; That is very true; etc.

To express your disagreement use such expressions as:

I am afraid you are wrong/ mistaken/ not quite right; Nothing of the kind; It is unlikely; It is doubtful; I don't think you are right; Well I think that's not so; Are you sure?; That's your opinion, not mine; I don't believe that; etc.

To give the correct information and to express your opinion use such expressions as:

I think/ suppose/ believe/ consider/ feel/ guess; In my opinion; From my point of view; Frankly speaking; As far as I understand; The matter/ the problem/ trouble is that; etc.

1. As you know students work five days a week, but most people in our country work six days.

2. On Sunday I don't have to hurry up anywhere.

3. I am an early riser and it is rare Sunday when I get up before 9 o'clock.

4. When I have time for leisure, I stay in bed idling away the time.

5. I prefer to go out and fortunately, there aren't a lot of clubs and cinemas in our city, where I can spend time with my friends.

6. As I am not fond of sport I don't go to a gym to keep fit.

7. I am sure, it is rather boring to watch TV-programs and I am always sorry for those TV-addicts.

8. It is not interesting to go roller-blading or to skate and ski.

9. I never help my mother about the house with washing up.

10. I don't do my flat and never help mother cook.

11. So, on this day I always think of my study and I never enjoy this day.

 

9. Answer the questions using information from the text and compare them with the given answers. Work in pairs.

1. How many days a week do students work? As you know students work six days a week.
2. Do students have a weekend? No, they have the only day off – Sunday.
3. Why don't you get up early in the morning on Sunday? I don't have to hurry up anywhere on Sunday.
4. What do you need when you have time for leisure? When I have time for leisure, I need something that can interest and amuse me.
5. How do you spend your free time? I go out and fortunately, there are a lot of clubs and cinemas in our city, where I can spend time with my friends.
6. Why don't you mind watching TV? I don't mind watching TV because, I think, television helps us to "visit" different lands, see fish and insects, lakes, rivers, seas. We are shown different countries, cities and people who live there. Radio and television extend our knowledge about the world.
7. What do you prefer to watching TV? I am always sorry for those TV-addicts. It is much more interesting to go roller-blading or to skate and ski.
8. Do you do anything about the house? I help my mother about the house with washing up. I do my flat and sometimes help mother to cook.

10. Translate the sentences from Russian into English and compare them with the given ones. Work in pairs.

1. Я всегда завидую людям, которые работают 5 дней в неделю. I always envy people that work 5 days a week.
2. У меня только один выходной – воскресенье. I have the only day off – Sunday.
3. В воскресенье мне не нужно никуда спешить. On Sunday I don't have to hurry up anywhere.
4. Когда у него есть свободное время, ему нужно что-нибудь, что может его заинтересовать и развлечь. When he has time for leisure, he needs something that can interest and amuse him.
5. Я не очень занят в течение недели, и я не хочу отдыхать. As I am not busy as a bee during my week-days, I don't want to have a good rest.
6. Это не значит, что я остаюсь в кровати, растрачивая время, или смотрю целый день телевизор. It doesn't mean that I stay in bed idling away the time or watch TV all the day long.
7. В городе есть много клубов и кинотеатров, где я могу проводить время с друзьями. There are a lot of clubs and cinemas in our city, where I can spend time with my friends.
8. Так как я увлекаюсь спортом, я хожу в спортзал, чтобы поддерживать форму. As I am fond of sport I go to a gym to keep fit.
9. Он смотрит телевизор с утра до вечера. He watches TV-programs from morning till night.
10. Гораздо интереснее кататься на роликах, на коньках и на лыжах. It is much more interesting to go roller-blading or to skate and ski.
11. Он помогает маме по дому тем, что моет посуду. He helps his mother about the house with washing up.
12. В этот день я пытаюсь не думать об учебе. I try not to think of my study on this day.
13. Мой выходной день заканчивается, и я иду спать. My day off is over and I go to bed.

11. Translate interrogative sentences from Russian into English. Mind the proper usage of auxiliary verbs and word order. Compare them with the given answers. Work in pairs.

1. Почему он завидует людям, которые работают 5 дней в неделю? Why does he envy people that work five days a week?
2. Когда ему не приходится никуда спешить? When doesn't he have to hurry up anywhere?
3. Как ты проводишь свое свободное время? How do you spend your free time?
4. Почему ты не возражаешь против того, чтобы смотреть телевизор? Why don't you mind watching TV?
5. Ты делаешь что-нибудь по дому? Do you do anything about the house?
6. О чем ты думаешь, когда твой выходной день заканчивается? What do you think of, when your day off is over?
7. Почему ты не встаешь рано утром в воскресенье? Why don't you get up early in the morning on Sunday?

 

12. Look through the text again and make a list of key words to speak about your day off.

13. Ask your friend about his/ her day off.

14. Speak about your day off, using as many words and word combinations from the text as possible.

Unit 6

My friend's day off

 

1. Look up the words in a dictionary, find their pronunciation and translate them. Read them aloud and learn by heart.

to have to to pick up mushrooms and berries
to argue to arrange
to look miserable to complain
to treat oneself to to tide up
to be short of money wherever

 

2. Make up your own sentences using words and phrases from task 1.

3. Read and translate the text using a dictionary.

***

As you may guess Vladimir also has one day off and I want to tell you about his day off.

He likes Sundays very much and this is the only day which he can organize properly. He needn't hurry anywhere and he may go wherever he likes after his working the whole week.

On Sunday his mother wakes up him with a nice cup of coffee later than usual. While he reads morning newspapers his sister tidies the flat up complaining that she has to cope on her own. As soon as he gets up, he airs the room, makes his bed and does morning exercises. Then he has breakfast, clears away the dishes and washes up. Two more hours for getting ready with his homework and he is free.

Then he has some light supper and makes a couple of phone calls to arrange a meeting with his friends. After that he goes to sleep again.

When he wakes up, he meets his friends and they discuss their plans together. If the weather is fine he prefers to be out of town just to enjoy the beautiful view of the countryside: in autumn he likes to pick up mushrooms and berries, in winter – to ski.

In the evening they usually go to the clubs. As they are short of money they treat themselves to some tea and coffee. Vladimir doesn't dance well, when everybody dances, he sits and looks miserable, but he goes there regularly. I advise him to take some dancing lessons.

Sometimes he is tired of bars, noisy companies and sleepless nights. If it happens, he prefers to be in, watching TV, listening to music, reading books or just speaking over the phone or playing computer games.

In the evening all the members of his family get together. They have supper, make plans for tomorrow, and argue about the latest events at home and abroad. Sometimes they receive guests at their place.

He enjoys his days off very much. He wished he had a week-end. But may be after graduating from the University he will be lucky to have it.

 

4. Find in the text Russian equivalents to the following words and phrases:

to organize properly; to tidy the flat up; to complain; to cope on; to air the room; to make one's bed; to get ready with his homework; to arrange a meeting with his friends; to prefer to be out of town, to enjoy the beautiful views of the countryside; to advise; to be tired of something; he wished he had a week-end; after graduating from the university.

 

5. Find in the text English equivalents to the following words and phrases:

иметь единственный выходной; как вы можете догадаться; должным образом; как следует; торопиться; просыпаться; будить; жаловаться; справляться с чем-л.; делать зарядку; приготовить уроки; организовать встречу с друзьями; решать что-л. делать; наслаждаться; получать удовольствие; собирать грибы и ягоды; проводить время; советовать; брать несколько уроков; шумная компания; предпочитать; слушать; собираться вместе.

6. Replace the words in brackets with the corresponding English words and phrases.

1. (Как вы можете догадаться) Vladimir also has the only day off and I want (рассказать о) his day off.

2. (Ему нравятся) Sundays very much.

3. He needn't (никуда спешить) and he may go (куда) he likes after his week's work.

4. On Sunday his mother (будит) him with a nice cup of coffee (позже, чем обычно).

5. His sister (убирает квартиру) complaining that she has to (справляться сама).

6. (Как только) he gets up, he (проветривает) the room, (заправляет) his bed and (делает зарядку).

7. (Еще 2 часа, чтобы приготовить уроки) and he is free.

8. Нe makes a couple of phone calls (чтобы организовать встречу с друзьями).

9. If the weather (хорошая) he (предпочитает) to be out of town just to enjoy the beautiful view of the countryside.

10. As (у них мало денег) they treat themselves to some tea and coffee.

11. Sometimes (ему надоедают) bars, noisy companies and sleepless nights.

12. If it (происходит), he prefers (читать, смотреть телевизор или слушать музыку).

13. (Вечером) all the members of his family (собираются вместе).

7. Complete the following sentences using the information from the text.

1. Vladimir also has the only…

2. He likes Sundays… and this is the only day which he can…

3. On Sunday his mothers…

4. As soon as he gets up, he…, … and…

5. Two more hours for getting ready with… and he is…

6. Then he has some… and… to arrange…

7. After that he goes to…

8. When he wakes up, he… and they…

9. If the weather is fine he…

10. In autumn he… in winter he...

11. Sometimes he is…

12. …, he prefers to be in watching TV, listening to music, reading books, just speaking over the phone or playing computer games.

13. …all the members of his family get together.

14. They have…

15. He enjoys…

8. Read the following statements and express your agreement or disagreement. When you disagree give the correct information.

To express your agreement use such expressions as:

I think, that exactly so; How right you are; Speaking frankly, you are quite right; Exactly, just so; I quite agree with you; I fully agree with you; I can't agree more; That is my opinion too; That is very true; etc.

To express your disagreement use such expressions as:

I am afraid you are wrong/ mistaken/ not quite right; Nothing of the kind; It is unlikely; It is doubtful; I don't think you are right; Well I think that's not so; Are you sure?; That's your opinion, not mine; I don't believe that; etc.

To give the correct information and to express your opinion use such expressions as:

I think/ suppose/ believe/ consider/ feel/ guess; In my opinion; From my point of view; Frankly speaking; As far as I understand; The matter/ the problem/ trouble is that; etc.

 

1. He has to hurry to the university and he doesn't have an opportunity to go wherever he likes after his week's work.

2. On Sunday his sister wakes up him with a nice cup of coffee later than usual.

3. While his sister reads morning newspapers he tidies the flat up complaining that he has to cope on his own.

4. As soon as he gets up, he airs the room, makes his bed and does morning exercises.

5. He has breakfast but he doesn't clear away the dishes and doesn't wash up.

6. Two more hours for getting ready with his homework and he goes to sleep again.

7. When he wakes up, he reads books.

8. If the weather is fine he prefers to be out of town just to enjoy the beautiful view of the countryside.

9. He spends the whole evening at home.

10. He is never tired of bars, noisy companies and sleepless nights.

11. In the evening all the members of his family get together, they always argue and quarrel.

 

9. Answer the questions using information from the text and compare them with the given answers. Work in pairs.

1. What does Vladimir like? He likes Sundays very much.
2. Who wakes him up in the morning? On Sunday his mother wakes up him with a nice cup of coffee later than usual.
3. What does his sister do, while he reads morning newspapers? While he reads morning newspapers his sister tidies the flat up complaining that she has to cope on her own.
4. What does he do when he gets up? As soon as he gets up, he airs the room, makes his bed and does morning exercises.
5. What does he do after breakfast? After breakfast he clears away the dishes and washes up. Two more hours for getting ready with his homework and he is free.
6. Why does he phone his friends after supper? He makes a couple of phone calls to arrange a meeting with his friends.
7. What does he prefer to do if the weather is fine? If the weather is fine he prefers to be out of town just to enjoy the beautiful view of the countryside: in autumn to pick up mushrooms and buries, in winter to ski.
8. Why do they usually treat themselves to tea or coffee? As they are short of money they treat themselves to some tea and coffee.
9. Why doesn't Vladimir dance at a disco? Vladimir doesn't dance well, when everybody dances, he sits and looks miserable.
10. What does he do if he is tired of bars, noisy companies and sleepless nights? If it happens, he prefers to be in watching TV, listening to music, reading books, just speaking over the phone or playing computer games.
11. What do all members of his family do when they meet together? In the evening when all the members of his family get together, they have supper, make plans for tomorrow, and argue about the latest events at home and abroad. Sometimes they receive guests at their place.

10. Translate the sentences from Russian into English and compare them with the given ones.

1. Владимиру не нужно никуда спешить и он может идти, куда он хочет. Vladimir needn't hurry anywhere and he may go wherever he likes after his week's work.
2. В воскресенье мама будит его позже обычного. On Sunday his mother wakes up him later than usual.
3. Как только он встает, он проветривает комнату, заправляет кровать и делает зарядку. As soon as he gets up, he airs the room, makes his bed and does morning exercises.
4. Еще 2 часа, чтобы сделать уроки, и он свободен. Two more hours for getting ready with his homework and he is free.
5. Если погода хорошая, он предпочитает уезжать загород, чтобы насладиться прекрасными видами окрестностей. If the weather is fine he prefers to be out of town just to enjoy the beautiful view of the countryside.
6. Так как у них мало денег, они заказывают только чай или кофе. As they are short of money they treat themselves to some tea and coffee.
7. Я советую ему взять несколько уроков танцев. I advise him to take some dancing lessons.
8. Иногда он устает от баров, шумных компаний и бессонных ночей. Sometimes he is tired of bars, noisy companies and sleepless nights.
9. Ему очень нравятся выходные. He enjoys his days off very much.

11. Translate interrogative sentences from Russian into English. Mind the proper usage of auxiliary verbs and word order. Check up on your answers.

1. Что нравится Владимиру? What does Vladimir like?
2. Кто будит его рано утром? Who wakes him up in the morning?
3. Что делает его сестра, пока он спит? What does his sister do, while he sleeps?
4. Что он делает, когда он встает? What does he do when he gets up?
5. Что он делает после завтрака? What does he do after breakfast?
6. Почему он звонит своим друзьям после ужина? Why does he phone his friends after supper?
7. Что он предпочитает делать, если погода хорошая? What does he prefer to do if the weather is fine?
8. Почему Владимир не танцует на дискотеке? Why doesn't Vladimir dance at a disco?
9. Что он делает, если ему надоедают бары, шумные компании и бессонные ночи? What does he do if he is tired of bars, noisy companies and sleepless nights?
10. Что делают члены его семьи, когда они собираются вместе? What do all the members of his family do when they meet together?

12. Ask your friend about his/ her day off.

13. Speak about your friend's day off, using as many words and word combinations from the text as possible.

14. Write a composition on the following topics:

· My daily routine has changed greatly since I became a student of the University.

· My usual day off.

 

PART 3

GRAMMAR DRILL

Present Simple

Task 1. Read the following information.

The Present Simple Tense употребляется:

· Для выражения общеизвестной истины или закона природы. – The sun rises in the east.

· Для выражения обычных, регулярно происходящих действий. – He takes a bus to get to the university.

· Для констатации фактов. – He works in a bank.

· Часто употребляется со следующими обстоятельствами времени: usually, often, seldom, never, on Monday, as a rule, at night, sometimes, from time to time, every day/week/month, at the weekend, in the morning/afternoon/evening.

 

The Present Simple Tenseобразуется при помощи инфинитива смыслового глагола без частицы to. В третьем лице единственного числа к глаголу добавляется окончание – s/-es:

I study at the University.

My brother likes to read detectives.

Вопросительная и отрицательная форма образуется при помощи вспомогательного глагола DO, который в третьем лице единственного числа имеет форму DOES.

Task 2. Look at grammar pattern 1 and translate the sentences.

· Grammar pattern 1

They V
You
We
I
My friends
Fred and Mike

 

Мы готовимся к занятиям регулярно. We prepare for lessons regularly.
Мои родители выглядят на свой возраст. My parents look their age.
Я делаю все, что в моих силах, чтобы помочь тебе. I do my best to help you.
Мы всегда приходим на занятия вовремя. We always come for classes on time.
Каждое утро мои друзья чистят зубы. My friends clean teeth every morning.
Я провожу много времени в читальном зале. I spend much time in the reading hall.
Они ездят в университет на машине. They go to the university by car.
Каждое утро Питер и Фрэд бегают трусцой. Peter & Fred jog every morning.
Вы получаете много знаний в университете. You get much knowledge at the university.
Я и мой друг всегда смотрим музыкальные программы. My friend & I always watch musical programs.
Наши друзья хорошо ладят друг с другом. Our friends get along fine.
Их родственники всегда уезжают летом в Москву. Their relatives always leave for Moscow in summer.
Наши студенты всегда слушают последние новости. Our students always listen to the latest news.
Мы повторяем правила регулярно. We revise rules regularly.
Они всегда сдают экзамены зимой. They always take exams in winter.
Питер и Макс всегда следуют моим советам. Peter & Max always follow my advice.
Каждый день я перевожу тексты с английского на русский. I translate texts from Russian into English every day.
Дети всегда занимаются спортом. Children always go in for sports.
Я обычно готовлю себе завтрак. I usually cook my breakfast.

Task 3. Look at grammar pattern 2 and translate the sentences.

· Grammar pattern 2

They DON'T V
You
We
I
My friends
Fred and Mike
Я не хожу в спортзал каждый день. I don't go to the gym every day.
Мы не помогаем маме вести домашнее хозяйство. We don't help our mother to keep house.
Их друзья не моют посуду. Their friends don't wash up.
Я не читаю исторические романы. I don't read historical novels.
Ты не делаешь домашнее задание регулярно. You don't do homework regularly.
Пожилые люди не ходят по магазинам каждый день. Old people don't go shopping every day.
Мне не нравится смотреть телевизор по вечерам. I don't like to watch TV in the evenings.
Мы не хотим пропускать занятия. We don't want to miss lessons.
Мы не обедаем в дорогих ресторанах. We don't have dinner at expensive restaurants.
Я не ем мясо. I don't eat meat.
Они не проводят много времени в библиотеке. They don't spend much time in the library.
Мой друг и я не ходим в кино. My friend & I don't go to the cinema.
Я не трачу много денег на еду. I don't spend much money on food.
Зимой их друзья не бегают трусцой. Their friends don't jog in winter.
Мы не повторяем правила перед контрольной работой. We don't revise rules before the test.
Мы не пропускаем уроки английского языка. We don't miss English lessons.
Я не следую их советам. I don't follow their advice.
Они не ждут с нетерпением летних каникул. They don't look forward to summer holidays.
Я не присматриваю за своей сестрой. I don't look after my sister.

Task 4. Look at grammar pattern 3 and translate the sentences.

· Grammar pattern 3

DO They V ?
You
We
I
My friends
Fred and Mike
Вы обычно делаете домашнее задание перед ужином? Do you usually do your homework before supper?
Они играют в шахматы? Do they play chess?
Твои друзья посещают занятия регулярно? Do your friends attend lessons regularly?
Их родители ходят по магазинам? Do their parents do shopping?
Ты переводишь тексты с английского на русский язык? Do you translate texts from Russian into English?
Ваши друзья играют на гитаре? Do your friends play the guitar?
Вы встречаетесь с ним после занятий? Do you meet with him after lessons?
Они готовятся к занятиям регулярно? Do they prepare for the lessons regularly?
Их родители выглядят на свой возраст? Do their parents look their age?
Их друзья проводят много времени в читальном зале? Do their friends spend much time in the reading hall?
Они ездят в университет на машине? Do they go to the University by car?
Питер и Фрэд бегают трусцой каждое утро? Do Peter & Fred jog every morning?
Вы получаете много знаний? Do you get much knowledge?
Ты и твои друзья всегда смотрите музыкальные программы по телевизору? Do you & your friends always watch musical programs on TV?
Ваши друзья хорошо ладят друг с другом? Do your friends get along with each other fine?
Их родственники всегда уезжают летом в Москву? Do their relatives always leave for Moscow in summer?
Их студенты всегда слушают последние новости? Do their students always listen to the latest news?
Вы повторяете правила регулярно? Do you revise rules regularly?
Они всегда сдают экзамены зимой? Do they always take exams in winter?
Питер и Макс всегда следуют твоим советам? Do Peter & Max always follow your advice?

Task 5. Look at grammar pattern 4 and translate the sentences.

· Grammar pattern 4

(WH) DO They V ?
You
We
I
My friends
Fred and Mike

 

Куда они ходят каждое утро? Where do they go every morning?
Почему ты присматриваешь за своей сестрой? Why do you look after your sister?
Что ты делаешь каждый день? What do you do every day?
Кому ты помогаешь вести домашнее хозяйство? Whom do you help to keep house?
Какие оценки они получают? What marks do they get?
Как часто ты навещаешь своих друзей? How often do you visit your friends?
Когда ты обедаешь? When do you have dinner?
Почему мы остаемся после занятий каждый день? Why do we stay after lessons every day?
Где работают твои родители? Where do your parents work?
Как часто вы ходите в театр? How often do you go to the theater?
Кого они слушают на занятиях? Who do they listen to at the lessons?
Какие газеты любят читать твои бабушка и дедушка? What newspapers do your grandmother and grandfather like to read?
Как часто вы пишите контрольные работы? How often do you write tests?
Почему некоторые студенты пропускают занятия? Why do some students miss lessons?
Какие программы твои друзья смотрят по телевизору, когда они свободны? What programs do your friends watch on TV when they are free?
Когда ты обычно принимаешь душ? When do you usually take a shower?
Почему ты ходишь по магазинам каждый день? Why do you go shopping every day?
Когда ты уходишь в университет? When do you leave for the university?
Как вы добираетесь до вокзала? How do you get to the railway station?

Task 6. Look at grammar pattern 5 and translate the sentences.

· Grammar pattern 5

He VS
She
It
Ann
My friend
Their dog

 

Она готовится к занятиям регулярно. She prepares for lessons regularly.
Он всегда пропускает занятия. He always misses lessons.
Питер делает все, что в его силах, чтобы получить как можно больше знаний. Peter does his best to get as much knowledge as he can.
Преподаватель всегда приходит на занятия вовремя. The teacher always comes for classes on time.
Он выглядит на свой возраст. He looks his age.
Этот студент всегда проводит много времени в читальном зале. This student always spends a lot of time in the reading hall.
Он ездит в университет на машине. He goes to the university by car.
Каждое утро Питер бегает трусцой, не смотря на погоду. In spite of the weather Peter jogs every morning.
Она делает домашнее задание регулярно. She does her homework regularly.
Мой друг всегда смотрит музыкальные программы по телевизору. My friend always watches musical programs on TV.
Она хорошо ладит со своими родителями, она их любит. She gets along with her parents fine, she loves them.
Моя бабушка всегда уезжает летом в Москву. My grandmother always leaves for Moscow in summer.
Их подруга всегда слушает последние новости. Their friend always listens to the latest news.
Наша группа всегда повторяет правила перед уроком. Our group always revises rules before lessons.
Макс всегда пропускает занятия. Max always misses lessons.
Питер всегда следует моим советам. Peter always follows my advice.
Моя мама выглядит хорошо. My mother looks fine.
Каждый день он переводит тексты с английского на русский. He translates texts from English into Russian every day.
Она знает три иностранных языка. She knows three foreign languages.
Их папа прекрасно водит машину. Their father drives perfectly.

Task 7. Look at grammar pattern 6 and translate the sentences.

· Grammar pattern 6

He DOESN'T V
She
It
My friend
Ann
Their dog

 

Он не знает английского языка. He doesn't know English.
Их отец не работает допоздна. Their father doesn't work very late.
Наш приятель не задерживается на работе. Our friend doesn't stay after work.
Твой дед не обсуждает последние новости. Your grandfather doesn't discuss the latest news.
Он не теряет интерес к футболу, даже если команда играет плохо. He doesn't lose interest in football even if the team plays badly.
Фрэд не делает все, что в его силах, чтобы хорошо знать английский. Fred doesn't do his best to know English.
Анн не тратит деньги быстро. Ann doesn't spend money like water.
Это не кажется хорошей идеей. It doesn't seem a very good idea.
Он не просматривает записи перед экзаменом. He doesn't look through the notes before the exam.
Она не ложится спать поздно. She doesn't go to bed late.
Он не уходит в университет в 9 часов. He doesn't leave for the University at 9.
Этот студент не живет в общежитии. This student doesn't live in the hostel.
Мой друг не приходит на занятия вовремя. My friend doesn't come for lessons on time.
Она не провожает своих друзей на вокзале. She doesn't see her friends off at the railway station.
Он не читает книг в оригинале. He doesn't read books in the original.
Он не делает доклад. He doesn't make report.
Мой брат не учится усердно. My brother doesn't study hard.

 

Task 8. Look at grammar pattern 7 and translate the sentences.

· Grammar pattern 7

DOES He V ?
She
It
Ann
My friend
Their dog

 

Сестра Питера работает в больнице? Does Peter's sister work in a hospital?
Он пишет упражнения в тетрадях? Does he write exercises in the copybooks?
Наша подруга учит английский или немецкий в университете? Does our friend study English or German at the University?
Анна помогает маме по дому? Does Ann help mother to keep house?
Ребенку нравится изучать английский? Does the child like to learn English?
Он хочет делать доклад? Does he want to make a report?
Она отвечает на вопросы учителя? Does she answer her teacher's questions?
Питер делает зарядку каждое утро? Does Peter do morning exercises every morning?
Ей нравится ездить на машине? Does she like to drive a car?
Друг твоего брата живет далеко от университета? Does your brother's friend live far from the University?
Он говорит по-английски на уроках английского языка? Does he speak English at English lessons?
Он помогает своей маме вести домашнее хозяйство? Does he help his mother to keep house?
Твой друг регулярно посещает занятия? Does your friend attend lessons regularly?
Она пишет сочинение или делает доклад? Does she write a composition or make a report?
Он всегда ждет Анну после занятий? Does he always wait for Ann after classes?
Она всегда встречает их на автобусной остановке? Does she always meet them at the bus stop?
Питер обычно делает домашнее задание перед ужином? Does Peter usually do his homework before supper?
Он изучает новые предметы в университете? Does he study new subjects at the University?
Она звонит тебе по вечерам? Does she phone you in the evenings?

 

Task 9. Look at grammar pattern 8 and translate the sentences.

· Grammar pattern 8


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