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Verbs which are the same in all three forms



 

cost cost cost

cut cut cut

hit hit hit

hurt hurt hurt

let let let

put put put

set set set

shut shut shut

 

Verbs which have the same form for Past Simple and Past Participle

bend bent bent

bring brought brought

build built built

burn burnt burnt

buy bought bought

catch caught caught

dig dug dug

dream dreamt (dreamed) dreamt (dreamed)

feed fed fed

feel felt felt

find fount fount

get got got

have had had

hear heard heard

hold held held

keep kept kept

lay laid laid

learn learnt (learned) learnt (learned)

leave left left

lend lent lent

lose lost lost

make made made

mean meant meant

meet met met

read read read

say said said

sell sold sold

send sent sent

shine shone shone

shoot shot shot

sit sat sat

sleep slept slept

slide slid slid

smell smelt smelt

spend spent spent

stand stood stood

teach taught taught

tell told told

think thought thought

understand understood understood

win won won

 

Verbs which nave the same form for the Base Form and the Pats Participle

become became become

come came come

run ran run

 

One verb which has the same form for the Base Form and the Past Simple

beat beat beaten

 

Verbs which have all forms different

be was/were been

begin began begun

bite bit bitten

blow blew blown

break broke broken

choose chose chosen

do did done

draw drew drawn

drink drank drunk

drive drove driven

eat ate eaten

fall fell fallen

fly flew flown

forget forgot forgotten

freeze froze frozen

give gave given

go went gone

hide hid hidden

know knew known

lie lay lain

ride rode ridden

ring rang rung

see saw seen

shake shook shaken

sing sang sung

speak spoke spoken

steal stole stolen

swim swam swum

take took taken

tear tore torn

 

 

Курс «Правила читання англійською мовою”

 

Англійский алфавіт і знаки транскрипції:

 



Aa [ e i ] Bb [ b i: ] Cc [ s i: ] Dd [ d i: ] Ee [ i: ] Ff [ e f ] Gg [ i: ] Hh [ e i ] I I [ a i ] Jj [ e i ] Kk [ k e i ] Ll [ e l ] Mm [ e m ]   Nn [ e n ] Oo [ u ] Pp [ p i: ] Qq [ k j u: ] Rr [ a: (r) ] Ss [ e s ] Tt [ t i: ] Uu [ j u: ] Vv [ v i: ] Ww [ 'd b l j u:] Xx [ e k s ] Yy [ w a i ] Zz [ z e d ]

 

Приголосні, що передають один звук:

b d f h k l m n p r t v w z

[ b ] [ d ] [ f ] [ h ] [ k ] [ l ] [ m ] [ n ] [ p ] [ r ] [ t ] [ v ] [ w ] [ z ]

 

Приголосні , які передають два звуки:

c g s x

[ s ] [ k ] [ ] [ g ] [ s ] [ z ] [ g z ] [ k s ]

 

Урок 1

Читання голосних в наголошеному складі

Голосна Відкритий Закритий Закритий з буквою r Відкритий Гол.+ r + гол.
A, a   [ e i ] make [ ] bad [ ] bar [ ] fare
E, e [ i: ] be [ e ] pen [ : ] her [ i ] mere
I, i [ a i ] Mike [ i ] fill [ : ] first [ ai ] fire
U, u [ j u: ] mute [ ] bus [ : ] burn [ju ] pure
O, o [ u ] no [ ] not [ : ] port [ : ] bore
Y, y [ a i ] type [ i ] system [ : ] myrtle [ ai ] tyre

 

Ex.1. Прочитайте слова і поясніть їх правила читання

Vote, probe, fine, be, lake, me, pen, bad, an, tube, tunnel, plan , hat, bit, mute, nut, pane, tub, mud, leg, mode, pit, go, did, hate, and, spoke.



Ex.2. Прочитайте слова:

- [ ] pod, loss, hot, soft, top, solve, rod, spot

- [ : ] port, born, form, sort, pork, storm, ore, more

- [ j u: ] tune, tube, lute, mute, due, use, duty, fume

- [ ] hum, sum, must, sun, plus, nut, dust, bulb, mud, bus, hunt

- [ : ] burn, first, turn, term, fur, firm, stern, burst

- [ i ] pit, lift, miss, mill, list, pink, tin, drill

- [ ai ] like, type, fine, dyne, wide, style, spike, life, mine

- [ ] mark, spark, are, dark, park, army, harm, bar

- [ e i ] state, date, rate, tame, lake, base, take

 

Ex.3. Розмістіть слова по групам в залежності від читання букви a :

Park, lane, lad, plate, spare, spark, rate, rare, pare, add, hard, farm, bare, make, flat, brake, band, start, fare, tank, land.

Контрольна вправа

Bed, lift, same, hand, sun, tune, try, free, fur, flat, born, spare, mute, try, my, note, pole, burn, mass, plus, dark, dare, bark, stone, spire, hide, home, wire, wore, study, hard, style, wide, type, store.

 


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