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Modal Verbs and their equivalents


Модальні дієслова Еквіваленти модальних дієслів Present Past Future
Can - можу, вміти be able to – могти, бути в змозі can am is able to are could was able to were shall will be able to
May – можу (дозвіл) be allowed to – мати дозвіл may am is allowed to are might was allowed to were shall will allowed to
must - повинен have to be to must have has am to is are had to was to were to shall have to will be to


Exercise 1. Practice the following table. Translate each sentence into Russian or Ukrainian


  can translate the documents as soon as I get there
  could prepare this material until Friday
  cannot answer the operations in German
I could not make a report in English
He may discuss the books with his friends
She might call the relatives on coming home
We must stay here for a week
You are (to) wait for the bus here
They have (to) produce visas at the custom
  has (to) turn to the right round the corner
  had (to) meet his colleagues at the sea-port
    play tennis better some years ago


Exercise 2 . Express your agreement with the following statements. Use the phrases: Surely, Of course, Certainly, I agree with you, You are right

He can go to Kyiv for the week-end Surely, he can go to Kyiv for the week-end



1. You can see a lot of places of interest in Kyiv

2. They can get to the centre of the city by metro.

3. She can buy nice post-cards here.

4. We can take photos in this museum.

5. I can give you a lift.

6. He can pay by the meter.

7. We can return from the tour in time.


Exercise 3. Express your surprise and give short affirmative (negative) answers as in the model.

I can take a photo here Can I take a photo here? Yes, I can. No, I can’t


1. He can put his bag in the left luggage box.

2. You can invite your friends to join us.

3. Our cousin can drive a car.

4. She can inform her parents about it.

5. They can discuss all problems with us.

6. I can count all the monuments in my town, as there are not so many.

Exercise 4. Object to the statements. Use the phrases:No, it is not so. I’m afraid you are wrong. I can’t agree with you.

I can go to London on my holidays I don’t think so. You can’t go there on your holidays



1. You can have the opportunity to tour some cities of Ukraine.

2. I can go sightseeing when the weather is nasty.

3. She can get from downtown to our house very quickly.

4. We can visit this museum now.

5. They can get there by car.

6. He can book tickets in advance.


Exercise 5. Express your agreement with the following statements. Use the phrases: Certainly, Of course, Surely, I agree with you, you are right

I may put down your new address. Surely, you may put down my new address.  


1. He may start his business just now.

2. I may use these historical documents for my work.

3. She may take photos of these goods on display.

4. We may give some food to pigeons in Trafalgar Square.

5. They may visit the exhibition now.

6. I may join your group in the Crimea.

7. He may come and see me in the evening.


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