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Key examples to be memorized



 

 
 
I am reading a book He is reading a book Are you reading a book?

 

 


 

Illustrative Examples

He is working at his invention.

Is he working at his invention?

Yes, he is. No, he is not.

Is he working or studying?

He is working.

What is he doing?

He is working at his invention.

What invention is he working at?

He is working at the development of a new device.

Where is he working at his invention?

He is working at his invention at the scientific research institute.

II. Grammar

    Subject Predicate Object
    We are taking an exam
  Are we taking an exam?
What are we taking?  
    Who are taking an exam ?

to be + Participle I
The Present Continuous (Progressive) Tense

 

Дія в процесі, відбувається в момент мовлення

Affirmative (+) Negative (-) Interrogative (?)
I am reading a book He is writing a letter She is working We are speaking You are listening to the teacher They are working I am not reading a book He is not writing a letter She is not working We are not speaking You are not listening to the teacher They are not working Am I reading a book? Is he writing a letter? Is she working? Are we speaking? Are you listening to the teacher? Are they working?

 

Exercise 1. Open the brackets using the verbs in the Present Continuous.

I (to do) my homework. I am doing my homework.
Model:

1. The boy (to run) about in the garden. 2. John and his friends (to go) to the library. 3. Ann (to sit) at her desk. She (to study) English. 4. A young man (to stand) at the window. 5. The old man (to walk) about the room. 6. You (to have) breakfast. 7. Who (to sit) on the sofa? 8. What the (to talk) about? 9. It still (to rain).

Exercise 2. Open the brackets using the verbs in the Present Indefinite or the Present Continuous.

1. I (not to drink) cofee now. I (to write) a letter. 2. I (not to drink) coffee in the evening. I (to drink) coffee in the morning. 3. Your friend (to do) his homework now? 4. Look! The baby (to sleep). 5. The baby (to sleep) usually after dinner. 6. My grandmother (not to work). She is on pension. 7. My father (not to sleep) now. He (to work) in the garden. 8. I usually (to get up) at seven o’clock. 9. What your sister (to do) now? She (to cook) dinner in the kitchen. 10. Where your mother (to be)? She (to read) a book. 11. Hello! Where you (to go)? – I (to hurry) to the Institute.



III. Practice.

Exercise 1. Express your surprise using the word “really” as in the Model.

He is speaking English. Is he really speaking English?  
Model:

 

 

1. This teacher is teaching English. 2. He is writing French words. 3. The students are studying grammar. 4. John is looking at the teacher. 5. She is speaking on the phone. 6. The girl is cooking dinner. 7. It is raining. 8. They are discussing something.

Exercise 2. Object to the statements given below. Use the phrases:No, it is not so. I am afraid you are wrong. I can’t agree with you.

We are studying English. No, it is not so. We are not studying English.
Model:

 

1. The students are translating a new text. 2. I am waiting for my friends. 3. She is registering a letter. 4. He is reading the newspaper now. 5. The boy is smoking a cigarette. 6. The baby is sleeping. 7. The friends are talking. 8. The young woman is buying sweets.

 

Exercise 3. Translate it into English.

1.Куди ти зараз йдеш? 2. Я йду додому, а ти? 3. А я – до університету. Там будуть збори студентів. 4. А де ти був учора, коли я дзвонив тобі? 5. Я ходив на пошту відправити лист. 6. Ти багато вчив вчора? 7. Так, я вчив англійські слова, робив вправи, але в мене не було підручника і я подзвонив своєму товаришу. 8. А що ти робиш зараз? 9. Зараз я чекаю на свого товариша. Він прийде через декілька хвилин.



 

III. Reading and Practice.

Read and retell the following text.

A Letter

Dear Paul, Thank you for the invitation to come to Kyiv and spend the holidays with you. I hope, I shall come after the examinations. Now I am busy. I am taking my exams. The examination in physics is the most difficult one for me. But I am sure I shall pass it successfully. I am working hard.

The weather in Kherson is dull, it is raining now. My parents are at home today. Mother is teaching our Hellen English and father is reading a book on his speciality. They ask you to remember them to your family.

Hope to see you soon.

Yours, Peter.

 

V. Language

Sentence Patterns

Key examples to be memorized

 
 
He is going to read this book in English. Is he really going to read this book in English? Yes, he is. It’s going to rain.

 


Illustrative examples

They are going to listen to music.

Are they going to listen to music?

Yes, they are. No, they are not.

What are they going to do?

They are going to listen to music.

 

VI. Grammar

The structure to be going to do smth.

Передає намір, найближчу, наступну дію

 


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