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The Royal Family
At preset the British royal family is headed by Queen Elizabeth. When the Queen was born on the 21st of April 1926, he grandfather, King George V, was on the throne and her uncle was his heir. The death of her grandfather and the abdication of her uncle brought her father to the throne as King George VI.
As a child she studied constitutional history and law as well as art and music. In addition she learned to ride and acquired her enthusiasmfor horses. As she grew older she began to take part in public life, making her first broadcast at the age of 14.
The marriage of the young Princess Elizabeth to Phillip, Duke of Edinburgh took place in November 1947. She came to the throne after her father’s death in 1952 and was crownedin Westminster Abbey in June 1953.
Among Queen Elizabeth’s many duties are Commonwealth, whose interests and welfare are very important to her. The Queen has done much to signifythe formalities of the monarchy,including allowing the BBC to take a documentary film about the day of the royal family. She also started the tradition of the “walkabout”, an informal feature of an otherwise formal royal visit, when she walks among the public crowds and stops to talk to some people.
The annualChristmas broadcast made by the Queen on radio and television has become a traditional and popular feature of the season, and there were widespread celebrations and special programmes of events in 1977to mark her Silver Jubilee.
The Queen’s husband, the Duke of Edinburgh, was born in 1926 and served in the Royal Navy. He takes a great deal of interest in industry, in the achievements of young people (he founded Duke Edinburgh’s Award Scheme in 1956) and in saving wild animals from extinction.
The Queen’s heir is Charles, the Prince of Wales, who was born in 1948, married Lady Diana Spencer and has two children, Prince William and Prince Harry. The Prince of Wales is well-knows as a keen promoter of British interests.
In recent years he has become outspoken on such controversial topics as modern architecture, violence in films and television, and standard of English teaching in schools. His wife Diana, the Princess of Wales (often called inmass media Princess Di), has won the affection of many people by her modesty, shyness and beauty. She is one of the most popular members of the Royal Family.
The Queen’s other children are Princess Anne (born in1950), Prince Andrew (born in 1960) and Prince Edward (born in 1964). Anne, Princess Royal, has acquired a reputation for being arrogant, but in recent years has become quite popular with the general public.
She is widely known for her interest in horses and horse-racing. She is now the president of the Save the Children Fund, Chancellor of the University of London and carries out many public engagements.
Prince Andrew, Duke of York, served as a helicopter pilot in the Royal Navy. In 1986 he married Miss Sarah Ferguson (Fergie, for short) and has two daughters. Prince Edward is keen on the theatre. This interest began while he was at university. He has quit the Royal Marines, and is now pursuing a career with a theatrical company.
The Queen Mother, the widow of the lake King George VI, celebrated her ninety birthday in 1990 and continued to carry out many public engagements every year. The Queen’s only sister, Princess Margaret, Countess of Snowdon, in one the most unconventional members of the royal family. She is well-known for her charity work, including her support for Barbados, the Girl Guides Association, and the St. John Ambulance Brigade.
(from “Monarchy in Britain”)
The Royal Family
From the reign of King George VI up to September 1990
King George VI
1895 –1952.m. Lady
(Queen Elizabeththe Queen mother)
Queen Elizabeth II Princess Margaret
b.1926 b.1930, m. Antony
m. Philip, the Earl of Snowdon
the Duke of Edinburgh(divorced in 1978)
David Lady Sarah
Viscount Linely Armstrong- Jones
Charles Anne Andrew Prince Edward,
The Prince of Wales Princess Royal The Duke of Yorkb.1964
b. 1948 m. Lady b. 1950, m. Captain b. 1960, m. Sarah Ferguson
Diana Spencer Mark Phillips
(divorced in 1989)Princess Beatrice of York, Princess Eugenie of York,
Peter Phillips, Zara Phillips,
b. 1977 b.1981
Prince William of Wales Prince Henry of Wales
b.1982 b. 1984