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Упражнение 1. Переведите предложения. Запомните значения выделенных слов

attend (v.), attendee (n.)

1) They must have attended his lectures.

2) In former times, a computer would have as many as 10 people attending (up)on it.

3) Some 50 attendees attended that conference.


progress (v.), progress (n.)

1) Can we please progress to the next question on our list?

2) How are you progressing in your studies?

3) This research program facilitates progress.

4) Scientific progress is very important for our county.


apply (v.), application (n.)

1) The captain applied to headquarters for a transfer.

2) This rule applies to all cases.

3) The rule does not apply to this case.

4) To solve that problem they applied the new method.

5) He filed an application to be admitted to the intensive course.


accept (v.), acceptance (n.)

1) All those invited to next week's peace conference have accepted.

2) I accept on condition that he will assist.

3) We accept him as the greatest expert in this field.

4) I accept the correctness of your statement.

5) This theory is steadily gaining acceptance.


master (v.), master (n.), master (adj.)

1) He could never master mathematics.

2) He has mastered at last the difference between "would" and "should".

3) He has mastered every aspect of his profession.

4) Webmaster designs and develops Web sites.

4) Keep one as a master copy for your own reference and circulate the others.


accomplish (v.), accomplishment (n.)


1) We had accomplished our work just in time.

2) If we'd all work together, I think we could accomplish our goal.

3) By any standards, the accomplishments of the past year are extraordinary.

4) It was a real accomplishment to defeat them.

5) From a series of small accomplishments comes each major success.

6) Space exploration is a major accomplishment of science.


define (v.), definition (n.)

1) You can define the word "difficult" as "not easy".

2) Stipulative definition refers to a meaning a speaker attaches to a word, expression, or symbol that usually doesn't already have an established use in the sense intended.

3) Real definition provides a statement of the nature or essence of a thing.


demonstrate (v.), demonstration (n.)

1) The results demonstrate convincingly that this method is safe and reliable.

2) Saturday 20 October, Exeter, 700 demonstrate against the war.

3) You need to demonstrate to inspector some or all of the sampling data (данные выборки).

4) Logical demonstration is very important.


resist (v.), resistance (n.)

1) The soldiers resisted for two days.

2) The electrical resistance of an electrical conductor is the opposition to the passage of an electric current through that conductor; the inverse quantity is electrical conductance, the ease at which an electric current passes.

3) Electrical resistance shares some conceptual parallels with the mechanical notion of friction.


calculate (v.), calculation (n.)

1) We calculated that the work would take two days.

2) We didn't calculate for such bad results.

3) Calculation is a mathematical determination of the size or number of something.

4) If the first calculation is wrong, we make a second better.

exert (v.), exertion (n.)

1) You have to exert force to move this object.

2) Exertion is a concept describing the use of physical energy. It normally connotates a strenuous or costly effort related to physical, muscular, philosophical actions and work.

3) In physics exertion is use of energy against, or for, inertia as described by Isaac Newton's Newton's Laws of Motion third law.

4) In mechanics exertion describes use of force against a body in direction of its motion (vector).


react (v.), reaction (n.)

1) Calcium reacts with water but less violently (интенсивно) than sodium (натрий) and potassium (калий) do.

2) It is fairly easy to react unsaturated molecules with a variety of chemical reagents.

3) A chemical reaction is a process that leads to the transformation of one set of chemical substances to another.

4) In nuclear physics and nuclear chemistry, a nuclear reaction is semantically considered to be the process in which two nuclei, or else a nucleus of an atom and a subatomic particle (such as a proton, neutron, or high energy electron) from outside the atom, collide to produce one or more nuclides that are different from the nuclide(s) that began the process.

5) Thus, a nuclear reaction must cause a transformation of at least one nuclide to another.

6) In principle, a reaction can involve more than two particles colliding, but because the probability of three or more nuclei to meet at the same time at the same place is much less than for two nuclei, such an event is exceptionally rare.


match (v.), match (n.)

1) No one can match him in shooting.

2) In his youth, he was matched against some of the most famous chess players of his day.

3) These spare parts don't match.


supply (v.), supply (n.)

1) Energy supply provides the work of our equipment.

2) The word “supply’ may refer to the amount of a resource that is available.

3) Each computer is supplied with software.


fuel (v.), fuel (n.)

1) The long-distance plane has to stop to fuel up.

2) Fuels are any materials that store potential energy in forms that can be practicably released and used as heat energy.

3) The heat energy released by many fuels is transformed into mechanical energy via an engine.

4) The concept originally applied solely to those materials storing energy in the form of chemical energy that could be released through combustion, but the concept has since been also applied to other sources of heat energy such as nuclear energy, as well as releases of chemical energy released through non-combustion oxidation.

establish (v.), establishment (n.)

1) The engineers of our department have established the cause of program errors.

2) The switches are reconfigured during a circuit establishment phase.

3) This scientific research establishment carries out some new experiments.


achieve (v.), achievement (n.)

1) There are many who will work hard to achieve these goals.

2) We have achieved what we set out to do.

3) His plan was achieved.

4) Achievement is a thing done successfully, typically by effort, courage, or skill.


base (v.), base (n.)

1) The base of our system of numeration is 10.

2) Home base is a place from which operations or activities are carried out; headquarters.

3) The planes were in transit from their home base.

4) One should always base one's opinion on facts.


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