Assignment 4. Translate the following sentences paying attention to the Participle
Grammar: The Participle
Assignment 1. Remember the following words and word-combinations:
to serve служить, обслуживать
to construct строить; создавать
continuous current постоянный ток
to contribute делать (вносить) вклад в
to imagine представлять себе
vacuum cleaner пылесос
to operate действовать, работать
device прибор, приспособление
operation работа, действие
however однако, тем не менее
to transform преобразовывать
crane подъемный кран
to lift поднимать
object предмет, вещь
to weigh весить
to heat нагревать
furnace печь, горн
to melt плавить
to flow течь
to mention упоминать
to measure измерять
Assignment 2. Practice the pronunciation of the following words:
continuous, scientist, foreign, civilization, vacuum, refrigerator, machine, familiar, either … or, bicycle, electricity, laboratory, industry – industrial, mechanical, to weigh, ton, furnace, temperature, to measure.
Assignment 3. Translate the words, their derivatives into Russian and learn them.
to apply – application – appliance – applicable; electricity – electrical – electrician – electrically; to invent – invention – inventor – inventive – inventiveness; to measure – measure – measurement – measurable; to operate – operation; science – scientist – scientific – scientifically; to serve – service; to transform – transformer – transformation; to weigh – weight – weightless – weightlessness.
Assignment 4. Translate the following sentences paying attention to the Participle.
1) The student is translating an article on refrigerators.
2) The student has translated an article.
3) The article is translated by the student.
4) The article is being translated by the student.
5) The student translating the article is comrade Novikov.
6) The article translated by the student is difficult.
7) The translated article is devoted to electrical furnaces.
8) Translating the article, the student used a dictionary.
9) Having translated the article, the student gave it to the teacher.
10) Having been asked to translate the article, the student translated it with great interest.
11) The article being translated is about the application of electricity.
Assignment 5. Read and translate the text:
TEXT 1. ELECTRIC CURRENT SERVES
US IN A THOUSAND WAYS
The electric current was born in the year 1800 when Volta constructed the first source of continuous current. Since that time numerous scientists and inventors, Russian and foreign, have greatly contributed to itsdevelopment and practical application.
As a result, we cannot imagine modern civilization without the electric current. We can’t imagine how people could do without electric lamps, without vacuum cleaners, refrigerators, washing machines, and other electrically operated devices that are widely used today. In fact, telephones, lifts, electric trams and trains, radio and television have been made possible only owing to the electric current.
The student reading this article is certainly familiar with the important part which the electric current plays in everyday life. Prom the moment when he gets up in the morning until he goes to bed at night, he widely uses electric energy. Only when going to the University either on foot or by bicycle, he can do without electricity. In fact, it is well knownthat electric current is necessary for the operation of trolley-buses, trams, buses and modern trains.
During the day the student willalso use some electrical devices working in the laboratory, making use of the telephone, the lift, the tram and so on. As for the evening, if he studies or reads by an electric lamp, watches television, goes to the theatre or cinema, he certainly uses electricity.
Some people are more familiar with the various applications of the electric current in their everyday life than they are with its numerous industrial applications. However, electric energy finds its most important use in industry. Take, for example, the electric motor transforming electric energy into mechanical energy. It finds wide application at every mill and factory. As for the electric crane, it can easily lift objects weighing hundreds of tons.
A good example which is illustrating an important industrial use of the electric current is the electrically heated furnace. Great masses of metal melted in such furnaces flow like water. Speaking of the melted metals, we might mention one more device using electricity, that is the electric pyrometer. The temperature of hot flowing metals can be easily measured owing to the electric pyrometer.
These are only some of the various industrial applications of the electric current serving us in a thousand ways.
Notes to the text:
1) as a result – в результате
2) to do without – обходиться без чего-либо
3) in fact – фактически, на самом деле
4) owing to – благодаря
5) to be familiar with – знать ч-л.; быть в курсе ч-л.
6) to play a part – играть роль
7) either … or – или … или
8) on foot – пешком
9) to make use of – использовать
10) and so on – и так далее
11) as for – что касается
12) in everyday life – в повседневной жизни