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B. Read the text and do the tasks after it



It is a good idea to practice driving before getting on the freeways, particularly during work hours. Driving can be an intense challenge, especially for a visitor. Practically all Americans drive their own car.

Smoking is not commonplace and subject to restrictions in most public places. Before smoking, the best policy is to ask if anyone minds, or wait to see if others smoke. Restaurants often have a section where smoking is permitted. Many hotels designate rooms as smoking and non-smoking. Certain states, like California, now have laws against smoking in public places such as restaurants and bars.

A handshake is the customary greeting for both men and women. Americans trend to refrain from greetings that involve hugging and other close physical contact, except with family members and friends. For the most part, they are unreceptive to being touched during conversation and other social situations. The standard space between you and your conversation partner should be about two feet. Most U.S. executives will be uncomfortable standing at a closer distance. Direct eye contact conveys that you are sincere, although it should not be too intense. Certain ethic groups may look away to show respect. To point, you may use the index finger, although it’s impolite to point at another person. To beckon someone, wave either all the fingers or just the index finger in a scooping motion, with the palm facing up. To show approval, there are two common gestures: the “O.K.” sign, formed by making a circle of the thumb and index finger, and the “thumbs up” sign, formed by making a fist and pointing the thumb upward. The backslap is something used as a sign of friendship, camaraderie. To wave goodbye, move your entire hand, with the palm facing outward.

When sitting U.S. citizens often look very relaxed. They may sometimes sit with their ankle of one leg on their knee or prop their feet on chairs or desks. In formal business situations, however, you’re advised to maintain good posture and a less casual pose. Crossing legs knee over knee is not considered arrogant, as in other cultures. In the U.S. this position is common and considered professional.



When giving an item to another person, it’s common to toss it or hand it over with only one hand.

Task 1. Read each statement and decide whether it is true or false.

1. Driving can be intense challenge, especially a visitor.

2. Smoking is commonplace.

3. Smoking isn’t permitted in restaurants.

4. Few hotels designate rooms as smoking and non-smoking.

5. Certain states now have laws against smoking in public places such as restaurants and bars.

6. A handshake is the customary greeting for man.

7. Americans tend to refrain from greetings that involve hugging and other close physical contact, except with family members and friends.

The standard space between you and your conversation partner should be about one foot.

Task 2. Match the information in column A with the corresponding information in column B.

A B
1. The index finger is used a) to beckon someone.
2. One should wave all the fingers or just the index finger in a scooping motion, with the palm facing up b) to point at another person.
3. The “O.K.” sign and the “thumb up” sign are applied c) to wave goodbye.
4. The backslap is sometimes used d) to show approval.
5. You should move your entire hand, with the palm facing outward e) professional.
6. Crossing legs knee over knee is considered f) as a sign of friendship, camaraderie.

 



Task 3. Say more about Americans. Share your experience of communicating with them if you have some..

 

Points for discussion

1. Speak on the national character of …

2. Describe a country (It’s geography, population, traditions and habits)

3. Describe the countries of the world using the map of the world.

 

Unit 10.

Business Trip

I. Phonetic Training.

1. Listen to the poem, read and learn by heart.

 

I NEVER HAD IT SO GOOD

(P. Williams, R. Nickols)

Barbara Streisand

 

I never had much money

I never won a race

My jokes don't end up funny

And I've had doors slammed in my face

 

But I think you've charmed me

I always hoped that someone would

I never had a love like this before

No, I never had it so good.

 

I'm not the type that's trusted

Always tripping over longs

And often I've been busted

And chased by friendly dogs.

 

2. Learn the tongue twisters.

 

Dr. Johnson and Mr. Johnson, after great consideration, came to the conclusion that the Indian nation beyond the Indian Ocean is back in education because the chief occupation is cultivation.

 

My Friend Gladys

Oh, the sadness of her sadness when she’s sad.

Oh, the gladness of her gladness when she’s glad.

But the sadness of her sadness, and the gladness of her gladness,

Are nothing like her madness when she’s mad!

 

3. Listen to the song, learn it & sing “I have a dream

I HAVE A DREAM

(B. Andersson, B. Ulvaeus)

ABBA

1.I have a dream – a song to sing

To help me cope with anything



If you see the wonder of a fairy tale

You can make the future even if you fail

Refrain:

I believe in angels

Something good in everything I see

I believe in angels

When 1 know the time is right for me

I'll cross the street

I have a dream

 

2.I have a dream – a fantasy

To help me through reality

And my destination makes it worth the while

Pushing through the darkness still another night

 

Refrain:

I believe in angels

Something good in everything I see

I believe in angels

When I know the time is right for me

I'll cross the street

I have a dream

(twice)

 

3. I have a dream – a song to sing

To help me cope with anything

If you see the wonder of a fairy tale

You can take the future even if you fail

 

Refrain:

I believe in angels

Something good in everything I sec

I believe in angels

When I know the time is right for me

I'll cross the street

I have a dream (twice)

 

II. Grammar Revision.

 


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