Present Simple, Present Continuous, Present Perfect and Present Perfect Continuous (Revision)
Ex.1. Use the proper present form.
1. Her children (to be) in the yard. They (to play) football now. They (to play) it since ten o’clock.
2. She (to speak) English well. She (to study) it for five years. Listen! She (to speak) English to her teacher.
3. Why she (to look) tired? – She (to work) all night.
4. Since when they (to wait) for us? – They (to wait) for half an hour. We (to be) late.
5. What they (to do) now? – They (to discuss) a very important problem. They (to discuss) it for two hours; but they (not to reach) the agreement yet.
6. I never (to suppose) that he can cook. He (to be) in the kitchen now. He (to cook) for an hour and he already (to prepare) some tasty dishes.
7. The weather (to be) fine today. There (to be) no clouds in the sky, the warm wind (to blow). The sun (shine) since early morning.
8. Why you (not to like) this woman? – I (to hate) since I met her.
9. I can say nothing about this ballet as I (not to see) it.
Ex.2. Put the verbs in brackets into the correct present forms.
James Dyson, millionaire inventor and successful British businessman, (to surprise) his country by deciding to move production to the Far East.
The 54-year-old design engineer (to be) well-known for his invention of a powerful vacuum cleaner that (to operate) without a bag. Dyson spent 15 years trying to persuade the banks to support his ideas and enable him to set up production of the new vacuum cleaners. He (to run) a business in a small town in the west of England for 6 years and his factory (toproduce) 8.000 vacuum cleaner a day. Moving the main production facility to Malaysia will result in a loss of 800 jobs. Both the UK government and the unions (to express) their horror at the decision.
The company, which employs 1,800 people in total, (to say) it (to decide) to move production because of the success of a plant it established in Malaysia two years ago. Labour costs at the Malaysia plant (to rise) now only to £1.50 an hour: in the UK they (to rise) to £4.10 an hour. But the quality of the Malaysia cleaners (to be) as high as the British-made ones.
A number of other companies also (to move) production to lower cost countries in recent months. Many people (to fear) for the future of British manufacturing if this trend continues.
Dyson (to believe) the move will enable the company to cut production costs by 30 percent. He (to plan) to put savings into research and development in a drive to create new technology productions for the future. The R&D department (to remain) in Britain.
At present the company having achieved the sales of £220 million in 2000 (to spend) around 10 percent of turnover on new product development. Dyson (to describe) R&D as the ‘heart and soul’ of the business. He (to say) the decision to cut back the UK workforce (to be) a sad and difficult one.
Ex.3. Open the brackets using the proper present form.
- Jane, what Bob (to do) there?
- He (to lose) his books and he (to look for) them all the afternoon.
- He needn’t look for them. They are here; they (to lie) here all the while.
- I say, what your brother (to do)?
- He is a writer. He (to write) a novel for the last two years, but he (not to finish) it yet. He (not to collect) the necessary material for the second part, and now he (to work) in the library.
- – Hello, Ann. Why don’t you come over to see Helen? She (to fall) ill and (to be) in bed.
- Oh, what a pity. What (to be) wrong with her?
- The doctor (to say), she (to have) the grippe.
- – Where is Ann? I (to look for) her since morning.
- She (to take) her exam in English. You know she (to fail) it.
- Oh, I’m sorry. She (not to come) to the party then tonight, is she?
- I’m afraid, not. The teacher (to examine) her far an hour already and she (to come out) yet.
- – Where (to be) John? I (not to see) him for ages.
- I (not to know). Maybe, he (to have a rest) in the country now.
Ex.4. Develop the given clauses into a complex or compound sentence.
... it is snowing hard…
The temperature has been gradually falling and now it is snowing hard.
It is snowing hard, so the children have taken out their sleds.
The weather has suddenly changed and it is snowing hard, though it seldom ever snows in these parts.
1. … the sun has risen…
2. … dark clouds are gathering…
3. … the river has frozen…
4. … my friend has been skating…
5. … something very interesting is taking place…
6. … the trees have burst into blossom…
Ex.5. Translate the following situations into English paying attention to the use of the present forms. The verbs in brackets will help you to choose the correct form of the predicate.
Видишь того человека на углу на перекрестке? (to see). Это частный детектив. Следит за 24-ым домом (to watch).
- Откуда знаешь, что он следит за этим домом?
- А потому что, когда кто-нибудь выходит (to come out) из дома или заходит в дом (to go into), он что-то записывает в блокнот (to make notes).
- Где мой ноутбук, Ищу везде (to look for) и не могу найти.
- Том взял его (to take). У него – важные переговоры вечером (to have). Он демонстрирует слайды.
3. Телефонный разговор
- Слушай! Просматривают старый альбом с фотографиями (to look through). Здесь так много людей, имена которых я даже не помню (to remember). Я совершенно их забыл (to forget). Интересно, кто они и что с ними произошло за эти годы? (to happen)
Секретарь: Все утро звонят клиенты и жалуются, что получили ошибочные счета (to ring up, to complain to get wrong bills).
Управляющий: Я знаю, что что-то случилось с компьютером (to go wrong). Механик работает (to work on). Надеюсь, он скоро найдет (find out), в чем дело.
- Что там делают все эти люди посреди улицы (to do)? И почему на них такая странная одежда? (to wear)
- Там снимают фильм (to make). А толпа – это местные (local people), которые задействованы в массовке (work as extras).
- Забавно (to sound as great fun). Как ты считаешь, я могу получить работу в массовке (to get a job)?
- Не знаю (to know). А вон я вижу (to see) Анну. Когда они закончат (to finish) эту сцену, я спрошу (to ask) нужны ли им еще люди в массовку (to work as extras).
- А сама Анна снимается (to act)?
- Да, но у нее маленькая роль. Она не очень хорошая актриса. А снимается (to act) в этом фильме, потому что знает хорошо директора.
III. Home or House?
Ex1. Answer the following questions:
1. Do you live in the house or flat? How large is it?
2. Do you have a housekeeper at home? Why?
3. Whom can we call housebound?
4. Whom do we call a housewife or a househusband?
5. When do we usually say “Feel (make) yourself at home”?
6. How can a person become homeless?
7. Do you usually have much homework?
8. What food would you prefer: restaurant or home-made?
Ex.1. Choose the correct words from the list above for the following definitions:
- an apartment house with cheap flats to let;
- a house owned by the city administration;
- a private block of flats owned by the dwellers, which has its own infrastructure;
- usually a one- or two-storey private house;
- a house out of town;
- a large house owned by someone;
- a house with many flats;
- a place to live (general word);
- a house of more than 20 floors;
- a luxurious house or apartment;
- a shabby one- or two-storey house for several families to live in, actually it is the block of flats;
- a house which stands alone and is not joined to any other;
- a flat which is not divided into rooms.
Ex.2. Translate the following extracts; pay attention to the types of dwellings mentioned in them. Find adequate Russian words to render the meaning correctly. Consult the vocabulary list above.
1. Houses or flats? Every New Town has to face this problem. It was accepted that some proportion of the dwelling to be built should take the form of flats; but what should the proportion be? Some attempts had been made to assess the probable dimensions of the demand for flats. There are certain categories of tenants who are likely to prefer a flat and not want to be bothered with gardening: unmarried people of either sex, and the elderly or infirm; but the majority are clear that what they want is a house and garden. A little guidance was also forthcoming from the sociologists. A young couple should start their married life in a flat.
2. In many parts of England cottages are built in a long new, each house joined to the next one and each with a small yard at the back, and a still smaller one at the front.
3. American apartments are usually described as one-bedroom (studio apartments) two-bedroom or three-bedroom apartments. Two- and three-room apartments usually have a connecting living room; frequently they have two bathrooms.
There are two types of apartments: a rented apartment and a condominium, which an individual owns rather than rents. In addition there are tow-houses which are joint houses or apartments in a compact planned group in a town.
4. A mobile home is the cheapest form of housing that can be purchased. Mobile homes can be moved from place to place by trucks. Mobile homes are located in special mobile home parks, which are sometimes called mobile villages. They are usually on the outskirts of cities. Retired people and young people with low income reside in mobile homes which can be purchased or rented.
The interior of the house:
Ex.1. Complete the description:
Model: The bedroom – that’s where you sleep.
The kitchen – ____________________
The bathroom – __________________
The lounge (living-room) – ______________
The dining-room – _______________
A spare room – ___________________
A study – _______________________
A utility-room (laundry) – _______________
A nursery – ______________________
Ex.2. Explain the difference between the following pairs of words:
a hall – a corridor
a study – a cabinet
a living room – a sitting room
a coat rack – a hanger
upholstered furniture – upholstered suite
a suite of furniture – a piece of furniture
flowers – indoor plants
a two-bedroom flat (apartment) – a two-room flat
a nursery – a children’s room
a bed – a bunk-bed
a drop-flat writing surface – a desk
a refrigerator – an upright freezer
a cooker unit – an oven
Ex.1. Find in the list above the words and word-combinations which match the following explanations:
- an office which arranges for the sales of homes;
- to ask as a price for services;
- a person who is engaged in arranging for the sales or purchase of homes;
- to present or praise goods or services to the public in order to encourage sales;
- to give, take possession of land, flat, farm, etc.;
- to receive property as heir;
- land or other real estate in absolute ownership;
- give the use of smth in return for regular money payments;
- to give money to smb for a certain period of time;
- to take money for a certain period of time;
- to have use of in return for regular payments;
- to give smb a claim as a security for payment of a debt or loan.
Ex.2. Answer the questions:
- Who is an estate agent?
- What does a person usually do when he wants to benefit from selling the house?
- What is a person recommended to do when he wants to buy a house or a flat?
- You want to live in a place of your own, but you haven’t enough money. What are the possible ways out of this situation?
- What does a bank usually charge if you borrow money from it.
- Sometimes you may receive a house or money or smth after someone has died. What verb is used to denote this action?
Ex.3. Give a response to the following statements or questions:
- I’d like to buy a flat and was recommended to consult a real estate agent.
- That’s the right thing to do. The nearest agency is just round the corner.
a) – I inherited a ranch-type house from my uncle abroad.
b) - I’m registered in a counsel house. Now when I’ve saved enough money I want to buy a flat. What would you advise me to do?
c) - I’ve been living in a tenement house for a long time.
d) – I’d like to change dwelling place.
e) – A sky-scraper is rather a dangerous place to rent an office.
f) – It is rather expensive to take care of a cottage in Chita.
g) – As far as I know a ranch-type house is a two-story house out of town.
h) – I’d rather live in a block of flats than alone in a private residence.
i) I’d like to borrow some money from the bank to buy a summer cottage.
j) As far as I know I need some collateral or guarantor to borrow money from the bank.
k) I hear, the interest rate in Sberbank is the highest.
Ex.1. Answer the questions:
a) Who keeps house in your family?
b) Is your mother a homemaker?
c) What household appliances have you got at home?
d) How often do you tidy up?
e) Who cleans your room?
f) How often do you wipe or dust the furniture?
g) How often do you do a thorough “turn out”?
h) Do you repair your flat yourselves or do you have it repaired?
i) What household chores do you consider to be the most boring?
j) What works about the house do you do every day and what is done once in a month (season, year)?
Ex.2. Here are two opinions about homes and houses. What words can you use while describing:
a) your home;
b) a home you wouldn’t like to have;
c) a home of your neighbour (friend, relative, etc.)
Ex.3. Imagine a house of the 21st century, where everything is computerized. What would you ask the computers to do for you? Begin the sentences with
I would ask a computer…
Some expressions to help you:
- to prepare a bath for me while I am away at the Institute;
- to suck up dust as soon as it lands;
- to arrange that I should be followed by music programmed to calm me down, when I’m at home;
- to tell me how to cook anything I can think of;
- to communicate with neighbouring computerized houses if necessary, etc.