Now make some sentences of your own with these words and word combinations

Task 2. Put in the right preposition. Consult the text.

1. Grandparents dont owe to baby-sit . their grandchildren while their parents are . vacation.

2. Some young people prefer leaving home .staying.their parents.

3. Young parents have to spend a lot.money.toys.their babies.

4. When a youngster gets.trouble he is sometimes afraid.asking his parents..help.

5. Its frightening..a youngster to feel that hes.charge..himself.

6. Parents shouldnt blame their childrentheir mistakes.

7. When young people leave their homes they have to look..a place to live.. .

8. I cannot understand children who are rude.their parents shout ..them, dont listen..them.

9. When he left home, his attitude.his parents seemed to change.

10. Parents owe their children privacy and respect.their personal belongings.


Task 3. Fill in the correct word derived from the word in brackets. Translate the extract into Russian.

As your children move towards (depend) its important to make sure they understand what decent values are. To prevent them from becoming (spoil) and. (greed) you shouldnt indulge them too much. To make sure they grow up well-.. (manner) they should be.. (teach) to be polite from an early age. Children should be scolded for bad (behave), which will be an (effect) way of helping them to (distinct) right from wrong. You need to reward your children when they do things well to give them a sense of (proud). You should try to make your children (tolerate) and.. (respect) of other peoples (believe) by exposing them to. (differ) races and cultures. Parents should try to place great. (important) on setting a good example to their children, as childrens.. (behave) is often an (imitate) of that of their parents.


Task 4. Points for discussion.

Do you agree with Ann Landers opinion? Do you disagree with anything she says?

Do you think that children prefer firm parents or parents who let them do what they want? What can you say about your parents?

Are teenagers really frightened when they feel that they are in charge of themselves?

Do you agree that boys like girls should know how to clean house, cook, sew buttons, wash their clothes and so on?

Do parents have the right to know where their children are, with whom, and when they will be home? Do parents have the right to forbid their children to communicate with some of their friends they dont like?

Which is best: to be the eldest child in a family, the youngest child or in between?


B. Read the text and fulfill the tasks after it:

Work or Family: Theres a Problem

When the 20-th century began most of American families shared one characteristics: the wife didnt work outside the home. The only exceptions were black women. If a wife worked it meant that her husband was not able to support a family. By contrast to the beginning of the century, in the 1990s over 60% of women were in the work force. The transformation was relatively quick. The two major reasons for that were the Great Depression and the World War II when most women just had to start working. They became electricians, machinists, carpenters, as well as lawyers, engineers, physicians and proved that they could do this sort of work not worse than men.

As work for married women is now accepted and commonplace, the internal character of American families has greatly changed. Most women have to combine family and work outside the home. There is the so-called Supermom the woman who tries to juggle a career with a family. Others have come to the conclusion that the dual role can often cause them to be mediocre at both. So theyve given up their career to stay home with children. Some view it as a temporary solution until their children start school. But even when at home, women pursue various interests. They participate in all kinds of organizations, e.g., English-teaching committees for the foreign-born, in fund-raising activities for the colleges they graduated from, the jog in the morning with friends, etc. All that gives them a feeling of achievement.

The major worry for most is that if they decide to go back to work theyll have problems with finding jobs. Many women say they continue reading in their fields so that they wont fall behind. Others say that they communicate with their former colleagues to keep up with what is going on. Otherwise, they say, you feel that youre a bit of touch.

Men havent easily accepted changes in the family pattern with working women. Sometimes they show anger and resentment. One Atlanta attorney says, My wife has her own career as a lawyer and when I arrive home from a tough day, all I want to do is put my feet up and have a drink the sort of thing a man always expects. Instead I have to help with the household or attend to my children. I frequently have to cut short my own working day in order to pick up our eighteen-month-old son from day care or to spend time with my older child. Often Im also the one who is on call in case of illness, who prepares many of the meals, and who keeps the house clean.

On the one hand, a majority of men now believe that both sexes should enjoy equal employment opportunities, but on the other, most also believe that children may be harmed psychologically if their mothers work outside the home. This contradiction increasingly rules the Americans.


Tasks to the Text

Task 1. Find in the text English equivalents for the following expressions. Read out the sentences with the expressions and translate the sentences into Russian. Use these expressions in the sentences of your own.


Task 2. Fill in the gaps with the appropriate word (-combination) from Task 1.

a) ..my wife is a very kind and intelligent woman, but on the other, she sometimes shows..and.. .

b) When women come home after..they just have no strength for .

c) Women staying at home with children..in various fields such as charity organizations, womens clubs, sport society etc.

d) After recent nervous breakdown I came to a..that I should.. .

e) Hes rather a..student and if he misses many classes hell..the group.

f) As its he whohe has to work long hours.

g) Having five children is a remarkable, at the same time its an exception.


Task 3. Points for discussion.

Why do you think it was unusual for American women to work at the beginning of the XXth century?

Why did most women start working after World War II?

What problems does a woman face when she has to combine family and work?

Why do some women decide to give up their careers for their childrens sake?

Why do women staying at home with children go in for different activities? What do they do?

What do American men think of working women?

Do you think that children may be harmed psychologically if their mothers work?

Nowadays theres such a phenomenon as house-husband. What do you think about it?


C. Watch the film Family Album, USA (Episode 22 Career Choices). Follow the guide to the film given in the manual Traditions and Habits of American People

D. Use these cards to discuss family problems.

Role Play: Family Problems

Strict parents Wok in a group of 3 or 4 students.   Students A and B you are extremely strict parents. Describe the way you bring your child(ren) up. Give the reasons for this method of up-bringing.   Student(s) C (and D) you are their child(ren). Describe your relations with parents.   The following words can help you: not to allow children to do smth/not to let children do smth (stay up late, watch TV, play computer games, talk on the phone, etc.) to make children do smth (do homework, the washing up, exercise, go to music/art school) to teach children to do smth (respect adults, teachers, peoples rights, etc.) to punish, to tell off to hit, to beat to foster in children love for work/studies/parents/art etc. to bring children up to love their country/parents etc.   Liberal parents Work in a group of 3 or 4 students.   Students A and B you are very kind parents. Describe the way you bring your child(ren) up. Give the reasons for the method of up-bringing.   Student(s) C (and D) you are the child(ren). Describe your relations with parents.   The following words can help you: to love/adore/worship children to share the same interests to spoil children (dis)obedient, spoiled children to allow to do smth/to let do smth to hug children to foster in children love for work/studies/parents/art etc. to bring children up to love their country/parents etc. mutual understanding to teach children by your own exam  
Problem of early marriages   Work in a group of 3 or 4 students.   Students A and B you are both 17 and you have decided to get married. Explain your reasons. Describe your relationship. Student(s) C (and D) you are their parent(s) and you are worried. You dont think they should get married at such a young age. Give your reasons. Have a talk with them.   The following words can help you: early marriage to keep/support family earn money to get pregnant to have a baby; to take care of the baby to baby-sit daily routine deep feelings to rent a flat to be responsible   Problem of living together   Work in a pair.   You are both 20. You love each other, but dont want to get married so early. You are living together without being married. Describe your life and give some reasons for living together.   The following words can help you: to be tied down to be responsible to be cautious sexual fidelity to be tolerant to- break up to make financial investments together to keep distance from the partner to be independent to be committed to each other to imply strong commitments to start a family
Problem of divorce Work in group of 3 students.   Students A and B you have decided to file for a divorce. Give your reasons.   Students C you are their child. What do you think of your parents decision? Who would you like to stay with?   The following words can help you:   to file for a divorce to give a divorce to agree to divorce smb to be unfaithful to find a common language to harm the child psychologically to have rows/to quarrel/to fall out our relationship went wrong to be fed up with to pay alimony the absence of mutual understanding   Problem of house-husband Work in a pair.   Youre husband (A) and wife (B). Youve got two children (3 and 5 years old). A month ago B decided to go to work, and A had to stay at home with children, now hes a house-husband. Explain your decision.   The following words can help you:   to carry out duties to be responsible for to be fed up with staying at home lack of communication daily routine to earn more money a bread winner to help around the house  
Problem of one-parent family   Work in a pair.   Student A youre mother/father who brings her/his daughter/son alone. Describe your experience.   Student B you are the daughter/son. Tell how you feel in such a situation.   The following words can help you:   to have no time to look after the child to work long hours to miss the child/mother to lack parents attention to leave the child to himself to control (the lack of control) a weak connection between parents and children lack of mutual understanding   Large families Work in a group of 4 students.   Student A and B you are the parents; youve got four children. Describe your life, explain why you decided to have many children.   Student C and D you are the children from this family. Tell about your life.   The following words can help you:   to cope with problems to be friendly to look after younger brothers/sisters to help around the house to support each other mutual understanding quarrels, conflicts common interest


E.Write the story of your family, beginning with your birth. Stick to the following points:

The background of your family. Your family tree.

Your birth and childhood.

Your close relatives (their appearances and occupations).

Your family relations.

Your point of view on the family matters.

F. Watch the film Family Album USA (Episodes 6 Thanksgiving, 19 I do, 20 Quality Time). Follow the directions in the Appendix Traditions and Habits of American People.

Unit 4


I. Phonetic Training

1. Listen to the rhymes and train their reading:

'Mind the clock Rain, rain, go away,

And 'keep the rule, Come again another day.

'Try to 'come in 'time to school. Little Johny wants to play.


2. Learn the tongue twisters:

How much wood would a woodchuck chuck,

If a woodchuck would chuck wood.

A woodchuck would chuck all the wood

If a woodchuck could chuck wood.


Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled pepper

A peck of pickled pepper Peter Piper picked

If Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled pepper

Wheres the peck of pickled pepper

Peter Piper picked?


She sells seashells by the seashore.

The shells she sells are seashells, Im sure.



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