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Present Simple (Indefinite) and Present Continuous (Progressive)



, Present Simple , .

E.g. I know English well.

I meet my boy-friend every day.

Sometimes I play tennis.

 

Note 1., , .

E.g. The train leaves at 9 a.m. tomorrow.

Our English training course begins tomorrow at 5 p.m.

 

Note 2. Present Simple , : when, as soon as, after, before, till, until, by the time, if, in case, provided that. ( ).

E.g. Ill leave for China as soon as I get a visa.

They will not sign the contract, till we agree to a 5% discount.

Well start the negotiations in May in case our partners agree to it.

She will not miss the train only if she goes to the station by taxi.

 

Note 3. Present Continuous , .

E.g. We are leaving early in the morning tomorrow.

I wont be able to come to your party because Im meeting my mom at the station.

 

Note 4. , Continuous. Simple, , .

:

- to have ( );

- to be ( , );

- to see ( , );

- to hear;

- to know;

- to understand;

- to think ( , , );

- to suppose ();

- to believe (, , );

- to consider (, , , );



- to taste( , );

- to smell (, );

- to remember;

- to want;

- to need;

- to prefer;

- to consist of;

- to contain;

- to belong.

 

E.g. - Do you understand me now?

- Yes, I do understand, but Im not sure you are right.

- I dont know whether they are arriving tonight.

 

Training exercises

Ex.1. Fill in the blanks using either the Present Simple or the Present Continuous

 

1. Are you hungry? Do you wantsomething to eat? (you/want)

2. Jill is interested in politics but sheto a political party. (not/belong)

3. Dont put the dictionary away. I.it. (use)

4. Dont put the dictionary away. I.it. (need)

5. Who is that man? What? (he/want)

6. Who is that man? Why.at us? (he/look)

7. George says hes 80 years old but nobody.him. (believe)

8. She told me her name but Iit now. (not/remember)

9. I.of selling my car. (think) Would you be interested in buying it?

10. I.you should sell your car. (think) You it very often. (not/use)

11. I used to drink a lot of coffee but these days Itea. (prefer)

12. Airmainly of nitrogen and oxygen. (consist)

 

Ex.2. Fill in the blanks with the correct forms of the verbs given in brackets. Use either Present Simple or Present Continuous.



Leila Markham is an environmentalist. She is being interviewed on the radio by Tony Hunt, a journalist.

 

TONY: So tell me, Leila why is it important to save the rainforests?
LEILA There are a number of reasons. One is that many plants which could be useful in medicine (1)..grow..(grow) in the rainforest. We (2) . . . . . . . . . . . (not/know) all the plants yet there are thousands and thousands of them. Researchers (3) . . . . . . . .. (try) to discover their secrets before they are destroyed.
TONY: I see. What other reasons are there?
LEILA Well, Im sure youve heard of global warming?
TONY: You mean, the idea that the world (4) (get) warmer?
LEILA Thats right. The rainforests (5).. (have) an important effect on the earths climate. They (6) .. (disappear) at a terrifying rate and soon they will be gone. People (7) (not/do) enough to save them.
TONY: But is global warming really such a problem? I (8) (enjoy) warm sunshine.
LEILA Well, what (9) (happen) when you (10) (heat) ice?
TONY: It (11) (melt) of course.
LEILA OK. The polar ice caps (12) (consist) of millions of tons of ice. If they (13) (melt), the level of the sea will rise and cause terrible floods. Many scientists (14) (believe) that temperatures (15) (already rise). We must do everything we can to prevent global warming, and that (16) (include) preserving the rainforests!
TONY: Thank you, Leila, and good luck in your campaign.
LEILA Thank you.

 

Ex.3. Put the necessary Present forms (Simple or Continuous) into the blanks.



As you know, our company (grow).1 rapidly at present. We (employ).2 10 percent more staff than we did last year, and we (recruit)..3 more staff all the time. We also (produce).4 150 machines per month thats an increase of 15 percent since last year. We (develop)5 a new model of the Turbomaster at the moment, which we think will be a big success. We (know)..6 our markets well. Our customers (like)7 our existing products, and we feel confident that they will like the improvements we have made in the new design. We (launch) ..8 the new model next May, in time for the Munich Trade Fair.

 

Ex.4. Choose the necessary present form

Dear Karen,

(1) Im having / I have a great time here in England. My university term (2) isnt starting / doesnt start until the autumn, so (3) Im taking / I take the opportunity to improve my English. (4) Im staying / I stay with some English friends who (5) are owning / own a farm. On weekdays (6) Im catching / I catch a bus into Torquay to go to language classes. (7) Im making / I make good progress, I think. My friends (8) say / are saying my pronunciation is much better than when I arrive, and (9) Im understanding / I understand almost everything now. At weekends (10) Im helping / I help on the farm. At the moment (11) theyre harvesting / they harvest the corn and (12) theyre needing / they need all the help they can get. Its quite hard work, but (13) Im liking / I like it. And (14) Im developing / I develop some strong muscles!

(15) Do you come / Are you coming to visit me at Christmas? (16) Im spending / I spend the winter holiday here at the farm. My friends (17) are wanting / wants to meet you and theres plenty of space. But you must bring your warmest clothes. (18) Its getting / It gets very cold here in the winter.

Let me know as soon as (19) youre deciding / you decide. And tell me what (20) youre doing / you do these days.

Do you miss me?

Love,

Paul

Ex.5. Write a letter in analogy about you staying somewhere for some time. Use only Present Simple or Present Continuous

 

Note: Writing Personal Letters

Sender

Saturday, March 1st, 2005

1 March 2005

01.03.05

 

1) : Dear Ann (Aunt Polly, Mr.Brown or My darling.

2) : a) Thanks for your previous letter

Many thanks for

How nice of you to .

I was awfully glad to get your letter

b) I must apologize for not writing you so long.

I really should have written sooner.

3) : .

4) : Ill write again soon.

Looking forward to seeing you.

Hope to hear from you soon.

5) ( ):

I love you so much, Kate.

Lots of love.

Much love.

Love.

Best wishes.

All the best.

Yours, Kate.

 

 


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