Name the occupations of the persons
1. The person who produces goods is … . 2. The person who exports goods is … . 3. The person who buys or uses things is … . 4. The person who handles several different makes is … . 5.The person who sells cars is … .
7. Translate the 1st and the 3d paragraphs of the text.
Translate the words and learn them.
Read and translate the text.
THE MODERN AUTOMOBILE
The modern automobile is a complex technical system employing subsystems with specific design functions. Some of those consist of thousands of component parts that have evolved from breakthroughs in existing technology or from new discoveries such as electronic computers, high strength plastics, and new alloys of steel and nonferrous metals, as well as from factors such as pollution, safety legislation, and foreign competition.
Passenger cars have emerged as the primary means of family transportation, with the total number in use worldwide expected to reach half a billion in the 1990s. One-third of these are in the United States, where more than 1,5 trillion miles are travelled each year. Approximately 500 different models have been offered to U.S. car buyers, about half domestic and half foreign in origin. New designs have been brought into the market more quickly in recent years than in the past to permit manufacturer to capitalize on their proprietary technological advances. With more than 30 mill. new units built each year worldwide, manufacturers have been able to split up the total into many very small segments that nonetheless remained economical to market.
New technical developments are recognized to be the key to successful competition. Research and development engineers and scientists have been employed by all automobile manufacturers and suppliers to improve the car body, engine, drivetrain, vehicle control systems, occupant safety, and environmental emissions, and further work by the industry is necessary to meet the needs of the 21st century.
3. Are the following statements true or false? Explain your answers.
1. The modern automobile is a single technical system with definite functions. 2. Some of those subsystems consist of many parts evolved from breakthrough in existing technology or from new discoveries. 3. The total number of passenger cars in use worldwide was expected to reach half a billion in the 2000. 4. Research and development engineers and scientists have been employed to create new models of passenger cars.
Answer the questions.
1. Modern automobile is defined as a complex technical system. What does it employ?
2. Passenger cars have emerged as the primary means of transportation. How are they distributed through out the world? 3. What models have been offered to the U.S. car buyers? 4. What is recognized to be key to successful competition? 5. Who has been employed by all automobile manufacturers to improve all systems of automobile?
MINI TEST 2 (Unit 2)
Translate the word combinations given below.
1.complex technical system. 2.drivetrain. 3.foreign competition. 4.existing technology. 5.primary means. 6.occupant safety. 7.vehicle control system. 8.domestic in origin. 9.specific design function. 10.to improve the car body.
Find definitions to the given words.
1.System. 2.Origin. 3.Breakthrough. 4.Alloy. 5.Market.
A. Starting point. B. Major achievements. C. Mixture of metals.
D. Place where people buy or sell goods. E. Group or parts working together.
Fill in the gaps in the sentences.
1. The modern … is a complex system. 2. Some automobiles consist of thousand of … parts. 3. Automobile component parts have evolved from … in existing technology. 4. Passenger cars have emerged as a primary means of … transportation. 5. Research and development engineers and … have been employed by car producers and suppliers.
A. Automobile. B. Component. C. Breakthroughs. D. Family.
Match the synonyms.
1.Modern. 2.Alloy. 3.Emerge. 4.Supplier. 5.Breakthrough.
A. Achievements. B. Originate. C. Dealer. D. Mixture. E. Contemporary.
Find the antonyms to the given words.
1.Buyer. 2.Domestic. 3.Recent. 4.Large. 5.Total.
A. Past. B. Segment. C. Small. D. Foreign. E. Seller.