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Open the brackets and put the verb in Passive Voice



Ф КГМУ 4/3-05/04

ИП №6 от 14 июня 2007 г.

Карагандинский государственный медицинский университет

Кафедра иностранных языков

 

 

Методические рекомендации для практических занятий

Тема: Туберкулез легких.

Страдательный залог. Настоящие и прошедшие времена страдательного залога

Дисциплина: «Иностранный язык»

Специальность 5В110100 – «Общая медицина»

Курс: 2

Объем учебных часов: 4

Составитель Жаликенова Р.С.

Караганда 2015

 

 

Обсуждены и утверждены

на заседании кафедры иностранных языков

Протокол № 1 от 28.08.2015г.

Зав. кафедрой _______ Бурмистрова В.А.

 

Тема: Туберкулез легких.

Страдательный залог. Настоящие и прошедшие времена страдательного залога.

Цель: совершенствование практических навыков в устной и письменной речи с овладением медицинской терминологии.

Задачи обучения: изучить стилистические особенности медицинского перевода; освоить грамматические структуры на основе медицинской литературы; выражать свои мысли на иностранном языке с использованием освоенных грамматических структур и медицинской терминологии.

Основные вопросы темы:

1. Работа с грамматикой:

-введение грамматического материала «Страдательный залог. Настоящие и прошедшие времена страдательного залога»

- выполнение подстановочных упражнений

- выполнение трансформационных упражнений

- применение грамматического материала в устной речи

2. Работа над лексикой:

- введение лексического материала с применением дефиниций

- активизация лексического материала на тексте

- подстановочные упражнения

3. Работа с текстом:

- составление вопросов и плана к тексту

- упражнения для обучения интерпретации текста

- упражнения на контроль понимания основного содержания прочитанного текста

Методы обучения и преподавания: метод малых групп, работа в парах, мозговой штурм, дискуссия, решение ситуационных задач



Литература:

На русском языке:

основная

1. Маслова А.М. Английский язык для медицинских вузов : учебник / А. М. Маслова, З. И. Вайнштейн, Л. С.Плебейская. - 5-е изд., испр. - М. ГЭОТАР-Медиа, 2013, 2014. - 336 с.

дополнительная

1. Бонк Н.А. Английский шаг за шагом: учебное пособие / Н.А. Бонк, И.И. Левина, И.А. Бонк. - М.: Эксмо. - Ч. 1. - 2015. - 576 с.

2. Бонк Н.А. Английский шаг за шагом: учебное пособие / Н.А. Бонк. - М.: Эксмо. - Ч. 2. - 2015. - 384 с. : ил.

3. Голицынский Ю. Грамматика. Сборник упражнений : сборник / - 7-е изд. испр. и доп. - СПб.: КАРО, 2014. - 576 с.

4. Кондратьева В.А. Немецкий язык для студентов-медиков : учебник / В. А. Кондратьева, Л. Н. Григорьева. - 2-е изд., испр. . - М. : ГЭОТАР-Медиа, 2012. - 400 с

5. Лазаренко И.А. Учебное пособие по грамматике английского языка для студентов 1, 2 курсов для всех специальностей КГМУ с приложением "Все об английском языке": учебно-методическое пособие / И. А. Лазаренко; КГМУ. - Караганда, 2012. - 224 с.

На казахском языке:

основная

1. Akhmetova G. M. Advanced English in General Medicine [Мәтін] : ағылшын тілі: оқу құралы / G. M. Akhmetova, T. Zh. Kutebayev. - Алматы : Эверо, 2014. - 284 б.

дополнительная

1. Медиева С.К. Медициналық мәтіндер мен жаттыѓулар жинаѓы : оқу-әдістемелік қ±рал / С. К. Медиева, Г. С. Утемисова ; ҚММУ. - Қараѓанды, 2012. - 196 б.



2. Унгарбаева А.А. Аѓылшын тілініњ грамматикасы : оқу қ±ралы / А. А. Унгарбаева, А. Б. Нупилова ; КГМУ. - Қараѓанды, 2011. - 88 б.

3. Сарыбаева А.О. Аѓылшын тілі бойынша жаттыѓулар жинаѓы : оқу-ғдістемелік қ±рал / А. О. Сарыбаева, Р. С. Кенжебекова ; ҚММУ. - Қараѓанды, 2012. - 132 б.

На английском языке:

дополнительная

1. C. McIntosh Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary: учебное пособие / ed. C. McIntosh. - 4th ed. - Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2013. - 1844 р. : il.

2. Murphy R. English Grammar in Use: a self-study reference and practice book for intermediate learners of English, with answers / R. Murphy. - 4th ed. - Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012. - 384 с:

3. Murphy R. Essential Grammar in Use: a self-study reference and practice book for elementary students of English with answers / R. Murphy. - 4th ed. - Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2015. - 320 p

4. Redman S. English Vocabulary in Use : pre-intermediate & intermediate, vocabulare reference and practice with answers / S. Redman. - 3th ed. - Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2011. - 264 р. : il.

 

Контроль:Выполнение лексико-грамматического теста.

 

Task I.Read and translate the new words:

1. affect

2. malaise

3. fatigue

4. sputum

5. reveal

6. involve

7. benign

8. elevation

9. profuse

10. perspiration

 

Task ІI.Read and translate the text

Pulmonary Tuberculosis

Pulmonary Tuberculosis caused by mycobacterium tuber­culosis, which produces characteristic tuberculosis changes in the lung. This disease may also affect other organs: bones, joints, lymphatic glands, kidneys, etc. The causative agent of tuberculosis was discovered by Koch in 1882. In the early stage of tuberculosis the patient usually complains general malaise, fatigue, loss of appetite and weight. Cough may be dry or productive, i. e. with sputum discharge. Coughing becomes worse at night and in the morn­ing. In patients with cavities in the lungs coughing is ac­companied by a considerable discharge of sputum.

Sputum is mucopurulent. Its microscopic examination reveals a large number of pus corpuscles, erythrocytes, and tuberculosis organisms. Blood, in the sputum is sometimes the first sign of tuberculosis. If the blood vessels are involved the discharge of blood may become profuse.

Fever is one of the permanent symptoms of pulmonary tuberculosis. In benign processes the body temperature is often subfebrile. In active forms it may range from 38° to 39°C. A considerable elevation of temperature is observed in pneumonic forms, when fever persists at a level of 38°C and higher for several months.

Cold profuse perspiration at night is sometimes evidence of a severe form of tuberculosis. Loss of body weight is one of the typical signs of pulmonary tuberculosis. It is caused by tuberculosis intoxication, a sharp increase in the metabolic rate and loss of appetite. Loss of body weight is particularly marked in progressive forms of the disease.

 

III. Answer the questions:

1. What is caused by mycobacterium tuberculosis?

2. What was discovered by Koch in 1882?

3. What are the general complains of pulmonary tuberculosis?

4. What does microscopic examination reveal?

5. What is the first sign of tuberculosis?

6. What is the body to in active forms of pulmonary tuberculosis?

7. What is the evidence of a severe form of tuberculosis?

 

IV. Say: true or false

1. It is not difficult to make a correct diagnosis in the early stage of tuberculosis.

2. Pulmonary tuberculosis may affect other organs of the human body.

3. Blood in the sputum is the first sign of tuberculosis.

4. In benign processes the body to is not sub febrile

5. Loss of body weight is marked in progressive forms of the disease.

V. Complete the sentences:

1. Pulmonary tuberculosis is caused by … tuberculosis.

2. In the early stage of tuberculosis the patient … of a general malaise.

3. Blood in the sputum is sometimes the first … of tuberculosis.

4. Fever is one of the … symptoms of pulmonary tuberculosis.

5. Cold profuse … at night is sometimes evidence of a severe form of tuberculosis.

 

VI. Grammar exercise:

Open the brackets and put the verb in Passive Voice.

1. New methods of medical examination (to introduce) in many hospitals.

2. Important findings (to obtain) by the investigator before he finished his observations.

3. The patient (not to feed) since early morning because he will operated on today.

4. The patient ( to take) to the operation yesterday.

5. The course of treatment just ( to prolong).

 

VII. Retell the text.

VIII. Revision test:

1. Give the synonym of the word Malaise

A). loss

B). pus

C). stage

D). fatigue

E). dullness

2. Give the antonym of the word Benign

A). stage

B). malignant

C). evidence

D). elevation

E). pus

3. Give the synonym of the word Affect

A). involve

B). profuse

C). suffer

D). loss

E). complain

4. Give the definition of the word Recovery

A). health’s improvement

B). a benign disease

C). a considerable fatigue

D). a general malaise

E). a thick pus

5. Give the synonym of the word Constantly

A). permanently

B). causative

C). purulent

D). seldom

E). never

6.Find the noun

A). pus

B). purulent

C). profuse

D). progressive

E). pulmonary

7. Give the definition of the word Sputum

A). discharge

B). pus

C). loss

D). changes

E). blood

8. Give the synonym of the word Disease

A). process

B). illness

C). joints

D). respiration

E). symptom

9. Give the synonym of the word To reveal

A). to find

B). to profuse

C). to make

D). to affect

E). to mark

10. Give the synonym of the word To persist

A). to affect

B). to preserve

C). to become

D). to follow

E). to examine

11. Find the sentence with Present Simple Passive

A). this disease affect other organs

B). sputum is mucopurelent

C). pulmonary tuberculosis is caused by mycobacterium tuberculosis

D). the patient had a dry cough

E). the cough became productive

12. Pick out the tense of the sentence

Most of the microorganisms produce diseases

A). Present Simple

B). Present Continuous

C). Past Simple

D). Past Continuous

E). Present Simple Passive

13. Find the sentence with Present Simple Passive

A). the elevation of temperature is observed in pneumonic forms

B). his breathing was rapid

C). his temperature was not very high

D). dry rales were heard all over the right lung

E). the patient had a dry cough

14. Find the sentence with Past Simple Passive

A). the elevation of temperature is observed in pneumonic forms

B). his breathing was rapid

C). his ESR was accelerated

D). the patient had a dry cough

E). pulmonary tuberculosis is caused by mycobacterium tuberculosis

15. Find the sentence with Past Simple Passive

A). his breathing was rapid

B). his temperature was not very high

C). dry rales were heard all over the right lung

D). the patient had a dry cough

E). the cough became productive

16. Find the sentence with Past Simple Passive

A). sputum is mucopurelent

B). pulmonary tuberculosis was caused by mycobacterium tuberculosis

C). this disease affect other organs

D). the elevation of temperature is observed in pneumonic forms

E). the elevation of temperature is observed in pneumonic forms

17.Find the sentence with Future Simple Passive

A). coughing will be accompanied by discharge of sputum

B). the patient will have a dry cough

C). the cough became productive

D). the patient had a dry cough

E). the cough will become productive

18. Find the sentence with Future Simple Passive

A). coughing is accompanied by discharge of sputum

B). the patient will have a dry cough

C). the cough became productive

D). pulmonary tuberculosis will be caused by mycobacterium tuberculosis

E). the cough will become productive

19.Pick out the tense of the sentence

D.I. Ivanovsky was investigating the tobacco mosaic disease .

A). Past Continuous

B). Present Continuous

C). Present Simple

D). Past Simple

E). Present Indefinite Passive

20.Give the synonym of the word Fever

A). pus

B). elevation

C). temperature

D). loss

E). diagnosis

21. Give the synonym of the word considerable

A). important

B). little

C). large

D). painful

E). illness

22. Find the noun

A). illness

B). heart

C). profuse

D). eliminate

E). sick

23. Give the synonym of the word total?

A). whole

B). every

C). each

D). none

E). never

24. Find the noun

A). carbon

B). dioxide

C). oxygen

D). discharge

E). artery

25. Give the verb from the word oxygen

A). oxygenate

B). oxygen

C). oxsygenis

D). oxygenises

E). oxygens

26. Give the plural form of the word vein

A). veins

B). vein

C). venses

D). veinses

E). veinz

27. Pick out the main artery

A). aorta

B). artery

C). main artery

D). arteries

E). main arteries

28. Find the noun

A). moderate

B). sick

C). fluid

D). mild

E). average

29. Give the synonym of the word Generally

A). usually

B). seldom

C). never

D). sometimes

E). some

30. Give the synonym of the word Place

A). seat

B). some

C). seldom

D). volume

E). sound

31. Give the synonym of the word Feature

A). main

B). last

C). peculiarity

D). sound

E). volume

32. What’s ESR?

A). every similar rate

B). erythrocyte sedimentation rate

C). erythrocyte sedimentation rang

D). every sedimentation rate

E). each sedimentation rate

33. Give the synonym of the word Elevate

A). increase

B). make

C). mark

D). profuse

E). decrease

34. Give the synonym of the word Period

A). case

B). usually

C). time

D). seldom

E). never

35. Give the synonym of the word General

A). blood

B). past

C). present

D). common

E). factors

36.Give the synonym of the word Profuse

A). numerous

B). reveal

C). general

D). condition

E). complication

37. Give the synonym of the word A lot of

A). small

B). elevation

C). lungs

D). numerous

E). examination

38. Determine the tense of the sentence

A benign tumors was revealed in the lungs

A). Past Simple Passive

B). Present Simple Active

C). Past Continuous

D). Present Continuous

E). Past Continuous Passive

39. Determine the tense of the sentence

Much pus was found in the sputum

A). Past Continuous

B). Present Continuous

C). Past Continuous Passive

D). Past Simple Passive

E). Past Simple Active

40.Determine the tense of the sentence

He was recommended to have warm milk

A). Past Simple Passive

B). Past Continuous

C). Present Continuous

D). Past Continuous Passive

E). Past Simple Active

41.Find the equivalent “be able to”:

A). may

B). can

C). must

D). should

E). ought to

42. Give the synonym of the word Develop

A). elevation

B). raise

C). examine

D). continue

E). rest

43. Give the synonym of the word Treat

A). observe

B). cure

C). return

D). cases

E). reduce

44.Give the antonym of the word Complete

A). finish

B). treat

C). begin

D). make

E). develop

45. Find the verb

A). treatment

B). lungs

C). operate

D). intensity

E). cardiologist

46. Give the synonym of the word Disease

A). process

B). illness

C). joints

D). respiration

E). symptom

47. Give the equivalent of the verb ”can” in the sentence

The scientist can prove his investigation.

A). able to

B). was able to

C). must

D). do able to

E). did able to

48. Find the adjective

A). development

B). enter

C). useful

D). skin

E). reveal

49. Pick out Present Simple Passive

A). is cured

B). was cured

C). cure

D). cured

E). curing

50. Give the synonym of the word Death

A). die

B). dead

C). toll

D). the dead

E). mortality

 


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