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Translate the third paragraph of the text



______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

Task IV. Read and translate the text “Sechenov and His Work on the Blood Cases”


Founder – засновник

Physiology –фізіологія

Psychology – психологія

Respiratory process –процес дихання

To isolate – ізолювати

Erythrocytes – еритроцити

Conclusion –висновок

Hemoglobin – гемоглобін

Oxygen – кисень

Solution – розчин

Salt - сіль


Sechenov and His Work on the Blood Cases”

I.M. Sechenov (1829 – 1905) was a prominent Russian scientist, the founder of physiology and scientific psychology.

The range of Secenov’s scientific interests and the number of his research work are really great. 106 scientific interestsing works were written by him. In these works he included the findings which he had observed and determined before.

Some of his research works were connected with the ivestigation of the blood gases and their role in the respiratory process.

I.M. Sechenov isolated the blood gases and found out that most of the blood gases were combined with erythrocytes. No physiologist had been able to do it before Sechenov. On the basis of his observations I.M. Sechenov came to the conclusion that hemoglobin was that substance of the blood which accomplished the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the respiratory process. Physiologists of many countries who had worked on this problem before Sechenov could not estimate the role of hemoglobin in the act of respiration. So the accomplishment of the respiratory process is due to hemoglobin.



I.M. Sechenov investigated the process of absorption of carbon dioxide by the solutions of the salts. When he had completed his investigations, he proved that only 2/ 3 of carbon dioxide were disolved in plasma. The rest of carbon dioxide was combined with red blood cells. The transfer of carbon dioxide from the blood into the lungs was due to the law (закон) of diffusion of gas from fluid into the air. When Sechenov had investigated this phenomenon, he was able to answer the question why oxygen passed into the blood from atmospheric gases during the act of respiration.

 

1. Complete the sentences:

1. I.M. Sechenov was a prominent Russian scientist, the founder of physiology______________________________________________.

2. The range of Sechenov’s scientific interests and the number of his research work_______________________________________________.

3. In these works he __________________________________which he had observed and ____________________before.

4. Some of his research works were connected ___________________________________________________________

5. I.M. Sechenov ________________the blood gases and ___________that most of the blood gases were combined with erythrocytes.

6. On the basis of his observations I.M. Sechenov came to the conclusion that _______________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________



7. I.M. Sechenov investigated _____________________________of carbon dioxide by the solutions of the salts.

8. When Sechenov had investigated this phenomenon, he was able to answer the question why __________________________________from atmospheric gases during the act of respiration.

 

2. Write sentences about Sechenov using the word combinations:

1. To be born ___________________________________________________________

2. To be the founder of ___________________________________________________________

3. To be connected with_________________________________________

___________________________________________________________

4. To isolate and to found________________________________________

___________________________________________________________

5. To investigate the process______________________________________

___________________________________________________________

6. To be able to answer__________________________________________

___________________________________________________________

 

Task V. GRAMMAR

 

1. Make the following interrogative and negative.

1. Peter has a tape recorder._________________________________________

2. You have many relatives there._____________________________________

3. My sister has music lessons once a week.____________________________

4. The children have many toys._____________________________________

5. We have coffee in the afternoon.___________________________________

6. Her daughter has a piano. _______________________________________

7. The children have lunch at eleven.___________________________________

8. Jane has a book-shelf. 9._________________________________________

I have a bath once a week.__________________________________________

10. I have his textbook on physics.___________________________________

11. We have much snow this winter.__________________________________

12. They have breakfast at half past seven._______________________________

13. His uncle has a garden. _________________________________________

14. I have enough paper to write three letters.___________________________

_______________________________________________________________

2. Дайте відповіді на наступні запитання.

1. How much is 17 plus 19?___________________________

2. How much is 25 plus 32?_________________________________

3. How much is 120 plus 205?_________________________________

4. How much is 13 minus 4?________________________________________

5. How much is 200 minus 45?_____________________________________

6. How much is 7 multiplied by 8?__________________________________

7. How much is 42 divided by 6?___________________________________

 

3. Дайте відповіді на запитання, використовуючи вищий ступінь порівняння прислівників.

1. Does Peter drive the car as carefully as Tom?

_________________________________________________________

2. Does a taxi run as fast as a bus?

_________________________________________________________

3. Does Jane speak as calmly as Helen?

_________________________________________________________

4. Do you come as late as your brother?

_________________________________________________________

5. Does Nick speak English as slowly as Peter?

____________________________________________________________

6. Does Susan speak French as well as her mother?

___________________________________________________________

7. Does Harry get up as early as his father?

__________________________________________________________

8. Does Jack do his grammar exercises as carelessly as he did last year?

____________________________________________________________

4. Утворіть вищий та найвищий ступень порівняння наступних прислівників:

Quickly___________________ ___________________________________

Gaily____________________ ____________________________________

Early_________________________ ______________________________

Loud__________________________ ______________________________

Fast__________________________ ______________________________

Late__________________________ ______________________________

Well__________________________ ______________________________

Badly_________________________ ______________________________

Carefully_______________________ ______________________________

Quietly________________________ ______________________________

 

 

Самостійна робота №3

Тема: Опрацювання матеріалів: «Pharmaceutical Education in Ukraine», «Pharmaceutical Education in Great Britain», «Pharmacist’s Duty», «Прикметник», «Займенник».

Навчальні цілі:

Знати:

- відмінності вищої фармацевтичної освіти між Україною та Великою Британією;

- тематичну лексику та термінологію;

- особливості вживання займенників (особових, питальних, неозначених)

- утворення ступенів порівняння прикметників;

 

Вміти:

- прочитати та перекласти тематичні тексти;

- виконати лексичні вправи;

- опрацювати граматичний матеріал «Прикметник» Л.Верба «Граматика сучасної англійської мови» с.145-148, «Займенник» Л.Верба «Граматика сучасної англійської мови» с.154-156, 165-169,

- виконати граматичні завдання.

 

Task 1

Read and translate the text «Pharmaceutical Education in Ukraine».


To enter –вступати

To last –тривати

Property –властивості

Internship – інтернатура

Establishment – заклад

Master –магістр

Standard – рівень

Applicant – абітурієнт

Postgraduate – аспірант

Compulsory – обов’язків


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