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Translate into Russian. Pay attention to the prefixes



autobiography, reconstruction, import, submarine, transport, subordination, unreality, counter-attack, disproportion, superman, transmission, counter-argument, polytechnic, reproduction.

Match the prefixes in column A with their meaning in column B.

A B

sub- пере-
anti- противо-
auto- под-
bi- двойной-
ultra- между-
co- полу-
ех- сверх-
semi- бывший-
re- само-, авто-

Transform these adjectives into the root words.

Translate into Russian.

Model: microbiological – микробиологический –– biological биологический

microanalytical, microcellular, microchemical, microcrystalline, microeconomic, microelectronic.

5.27 Form words using the prefix mono-. Translate into English.

Model: ethyl – этиловый – monoethyl – моноэтиловый

atomic, axial, basic, cyclic, directional, energetic, frequent, lingual.

 

5.28 Form words using the prefix pseudo-. Translate into English.

Model: spherical – сферический – pseudospherical – псевдосферический

arithmetic, dynamic, analytic, differential, elementary, elliptic, functional, geometric.

5.29 Form verbs by means of the prefix en- and translate them into Russian.

Model: large – большой – enlarge – увеличивать

force, sure, able, cash, close, code.

 

Add one of the prefixes in the box to each incomplete word so that it makes sense. Use each prefix once only.

In- mis- non- over- semi- sub- un- auto- dis- ex-

1. Dick was very tired and suffering from ... overwork.

2. We couldn't see the magician! He had become ... visible.

3. I could only cross the road by going down a ... way.

4. Nobody believed what Mary wrote in her ... biography.

5. Let me introduce you to Janet, my ... -wife.

6. What he said was not clear. In fact it was rather ... leading.

7. Unfortunately our football team lost in the ... -final.

8. Mr. Smith regrets that he is ... able to accept your invitation.

9. This is a good train, it goes to Manchester ... -stop.

10. Oh bother, my pencil sharpener has ... appeared again.

 

Complete each sentence with a word formed from the word in italics.

In- non- over- re- un- vice- trans-

1. I'm not satisfied with your work. I am dissatisfied with it.



2. She doesn't have the usual kind of haircut. It's very ……………….. .

3. Mary is sailing across the Atlantic. She is on a …………… voyage.

4. Dan is the President's assistant. He is the ……………………… .

5. Terry is no longer a smoker. Now he is a ……………………… .

6. Don't wear a formal suit. The dinner is quite ………………………… .

7. You haven't written this clearly. It'll have to be ……………………… .

 

5.32 Complete each sentence with the correct form of the word in capital letters. In some cases you will have to make a negative form by using the prefix in- or un-.

1. CONVENIENCE

I'm afraid it won't be .......... for me to see you tomorrow.

The house is ......... situated near the centre of town.

This is very .......... ! Can't you practise your violin somewhere else.

2. CREATE

I would like to show you my latest ..... , which I have called 'Boats on a Lake'.

The chameleon is a very strange ....... .

Conan Doyle was famous as the ........ of the great detective, Sherlock Holmes.

3. CRITIC

Why does everybody ...... him all the time?

After so much ...... he felt he had to resign.

They were very ...... of his efforts to improve services.

4. DECIDE

They're going to announce their ...... tomorrow.

He's so ...... ! He just can't make up his mind!

5. DECORATE

The ..... said he would charge me £1,000 a room.

During the festival ..... were hanging from every tree.

6. DEMONSTRATE

The .... all sat down in the middle of the road.

He offered to give me a .... of how the machine worked.

7. DEPEND

We are ..... on other countries for most of our food.

Every year we celebrate our .... .

8. DICTATE

The boss wants you to take some ..... .

He acted in an extremely ..... manner, which made him very unpopular.



9. DIRECT

Are you sure we're going in the right ....... ?

She looked ....... at me as she said it.

I had to look up the number in the telephone ...... .

Hitchcock is one of my favourite film ..... .

10. ECONOMY

My new car is more ...... than the one I had before.

She studied ...... at university.

On my salary we have to live as ....... as possible.

If we don't ..... on electricity, there will be power cuts.

11. ELECTRIC

He works as an ...... for a local firm.

The price of ...... has gone up again.

The fire was caused by an ....... fault in the television.

He is an ...... engineer.

12. EMPLOY

Last December the boss gave all him ..... a bonus.

I've been ...... since June. I must find work soon.

Her ...... was so angry at her attitude that he fired her.

He hoped the ..... agency would find him a job.


Unit 6

Сonversion

 

Конверсия (conversion) – один из наиболее распространенных способов словообразования в английском языке. Конверсией называется образование новых слов от слов, принадлежащих к другой части речи, без добавления аффиксов (суффиксов и префиксов). При помощи конверсии главным образом образуются существительные от глаголов, глаголы от существительных и глаголы от прилагательных.

to look (смотреть) - a look (взгляд)

to sleep (спать) - sleep (сон)

a hand (рука) - to hand (вручать)

 

Существительное a burn (ожог) light (свет) a round (раунд бокса)
Глагол to burn (жечь) light (освещать) to round (огибать)
Прилагательное   light (светлый) round (круглый)
Наречие     round (кругом)
Предлог     round (вокруг)

 

Образование глаголов путем конверсии.

Путем конверсии глаголы образуются в основном от существительных:

 

a place место to place размещать
a bomb бомба to bomb бомбить
a hand рука to hand вручать
a head голова to head возглавлять
a finger палец to finger трогать пальцем
winter зима to winter зимовать

Образование существительных путем конверсии.

 

Существительные образуются путем конверсии главным образом от глаголов. Такие существительные обычно обозначают однократные действия и нередко употребляются в составе фразового сказуемого:

 

to look смотреть a look взгляд
to drive водить машину a drive поездка на автомобиле
to bathe купаться a bathe купание
to cut резать a cut порез
to find искать a find находка
to laugh смеяться a laugh смех
to run бежать a run пробежка

 


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