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Answer the following questions. 1. What is your usual mealtime?



1. What is your usual mealtime?

2. What physical laws do you know?

3. Do you like sentimental poetry?

4. Are there any theoretical problems that are of great interest to you?

2.24 Complete each sentence with a form of the word in brackets, for example:

It’s too windy to wear a hat today. (WIND)

The new word will end in -ed, -ful, -ing or -y

1. If it's................ tomorrow, let's go to the beach. (SUN)

2. Lenny looked very.......... when he saw us. (SURPRISE)

3. We've got some very...... news for you. (SURPRISE)

4. We watched a very.......... show on television (FUN)

last night.

6. Mum gets............. when Jill is so late. (WORRY)

7. In................ weather like this the yachts (STORM)

usually stay in the harbour.

8. In my country most........... men don't wear (MARRY)

a ring.

9. I went to an............. talk about finding a job. (INTEREST)

10. Bye! Have a.......... holiday! (WONDER)

11. Sheila lives in a very......... part of (BEAUTY)

the country.

12. John usually feels......... after a big meal. (SLEEP)

13. A calculator can be very....... if you work (USE)

in a shop.

14. Gina was very.......... when people stared (EMBARASS)

at her new hairdo.

15. It's really............ sitting at a computer all day. (TIRE)

Complete each sentence with an adjective using the suffixes

-ful, -ly or -y .

1. You must be............... when you open the door. (CARE)

2. The countryside looks very.......... now. (COLOUR)

3. That was a very.............. thing to do! (COWARD)

4. He has a............... routine of exercises. (DAY)

5. She was............... when I told her my plan. (DOUBT)

6. It was very............... so I drove slowly. (FOG)

7. It's nice meeting such a.......... person. (FRIEND)

8. He looked very............ in that hat. (FUN)

9. They saw a............. figure at the castle door. (GHOST)

10. Working on the car made her hands...... (GREASE)

11. Let's go for a........... walk in the fresh air! (HEALTH)

12. We're............. that they'll agree to come. (HOPE)

13. Seeing all that food made me very..... (HUNGER)

14. She married a......... businessman. (SUCCESS)

15. He looked.......... when he heard the news. (THOUGHT)

16. This map was very....... on my holiday. (USE)

17. It was............ to see him again. (WONDER)

 

Complete the sentences with the adjectives derived from the words in brackets.



-ful, -ic, -ive, -ible, -ious, -less, -ish, -y, -ing, -able

 

1. John is very … . He never remembers where his things are. (forget)

2. Luke is … .I think he’ll become a painter. (create)

3. He’s very … . He wants to become rich and famous. (ambition)

4. Ann’s … . She always loses her things. (care)

5. Don’t be … Think of others first. (self)

6. He’s very … . He tells the best jokes. (fun)

7. Sam can’t find a … job. (suit)

8. Tom is brilliant at making any subject … to small children. (comprehend)

9. Being a teacher is always … because every y is different. (interest)

10. Now he has graduated university, Lee is a … architect. (quality)


Read international words and fill in the table.

Russian suffixes English words English suffixes
-ический/ -ичныи -ивный -ярный/ -арный -озный -антный/-ентный -абельный    

 

respiratory, climatic, critical, respectable, progressive, competent, regular, latent, infantile, ambitious, ordinary, massive, relevant. periodic, mechanical, formal, popular, intensive, tropical, industrial, physical, civil, academic, stationary, polar, analytical, vertical, active, organic, chemical, sterile, illusory, tolerant, serious, permanent, comfortable, indifferent, familiar, polar, plenary, rudimentary.

 

 


Unit 3

Verb Suffixes

-ise(ize)* memory память memorize запоминать
-fy(-ify) simple простой simplify упрощать
-ate* concentration концентрация concentrate сосредотачивать
-en strength сила strengthen укреплять
-ute distribution распределение distribute распределять
-d(e) applause аплодировать applaud аплодисменты

 



*В многосложных глаголах с данными суффиксами обычно ударение падает на третий слог с конца ex.: to ‘organize

3.1 Paraphrase the following phrases using -ize (ise).

Model: to make legal – legalize.

to become liberal, to make actual, to realize in action, to make an apology, to give authority to, to provide with canals, to bring to a centre, to describe character of, to act as a patron towards, to make personal, to make professional,to bring to a standard, to make American in character.

3.2 Form verbs from the words by means of the suffixes -ize (-ise). Translate into Russian.

а) от основ прилагательных:

legal, liberal, popular, external, final, local, industrial, general, formal, ideal, modern;

б) от основ существительных:

victim, automat, symbol, oxide, motor, summary, robot.

Match the words in column A with their synonyms in

column B:

A B

oppress systematize
arrange recognize
notice tyrannize
allow localize
praise characterize
concentrate harmonize
mark authorize
agree panegyrize
calm tranquilize

 

3.4 Rewrite the sentences replacing the phrases in italics with appropriate -ize / -ise verbs.

1. Some cars are fitted with a security device which makes the engine immobile.

2. In areas where the power supply fluctuates, for sensitive equipment a device to make the voltage stable required.

3. Manufacturers seek to keep costs to a minimum and profits to a maximum.

4. Most companies have installed computers to control their production line.

5. Companies may make their operation more rational by reducing the variety of products they make.

 

3.5 Form verbs from the words by means of the suffix -fy. Translate into Russian.

Model pure – чистый – to purify – очищать

dense, glory, justice, identity, note, pace, sign, example.

 

3.6 Form verbs from the words by means of the suffix -en.

Translate into Russian.

Model: broad – широкий – broaden- расширять

weak, soft, length, wide, dark, light, white, tight, thick, sweet, straight, deep, deaf, short, stout, sharp.

 


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